Themed collection 2021 Reviews in RSC Advances
Recent advances in biological nanopores for nanopore sequencing, sensing and comparison of functional variations in MspA mutants
Future of nanopore DNA sequencing: schematic illustration shows the future of nanopore DNA sequencing by using a customized biological nanopore with appropriate fabrication.
3-Hydroxyflavone derivatives: promising scaffolds for fluorescent imaging in cells
Considering that biological macromolecules offer hydrophobic microenvironment, 3HF is a promising scaffold for the development of fluorescent imaging in cells.
A review of shape memory polymers based on the intrinsic structures of their responsive switches
Responsive switches classification by their intrinsic structures: physical switch and chemical one.
Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Pterocephalus hookeri (C. B. Clarke) Höeck: a review
Pterocephalus hookeri (C. B. Clarke) Höeck has been used in traditional Tibetan medicine for thousands of years. The existing research results of P. hookeri are summarized, and will provide a basis for the further development of new drugs.
A minireview on the perturbation effects of polar groups to direct nanoscale hydrophobic interaction and amphiphilic peptide assembly
Hydrophobic interaction provides the essential driving force for creating diverse native and artificial supramolecular architectures.
DNA interfaces with dimensional materials for biomedical applications
DNA interfaces with 0–3 dimensional materials through physisorption and chemisorption mechanisms acquire unique interfacial character for novel biomedical applications.
The role of biocatalysis in the asymmetric synthesis of alkaloids – an update
This review article discusses developments in the chemo-enzymatic synthesis of alkaloids since 2013, showcasing how modern methods of organic synthesis and biocatalysis are combined to establish novel routes towards these important natural products.
Advances in biopolymeric active films incorporated with emulsified lipophilic compounds: a review
The attention towards active films has increased due to consumer demand for high-quality foods without chemical additives.
Reducing the resistance for the use of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis in materials chemistry
This manuscript highlights a beginner-to-intermediate level scope of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which is an indispensable, non-destructive electrochemical technique that can be applied for materials characterization.
Target identification of anticancer natural products using a chemical proteomics approach
Natural products are one of the most effective therapeutic candidates in cancer treatment. In this review, we briefly discuss the target identification of anticancer natural products in different cancer cell lines through a chemical proteomics approach.
A review on the use of DFT for the prediction of the properties of nanomaterials
Depiction of unusual properties of nanomaterials through DFT studies.
Synthesis of holey graphene for advanced nanotechnological applications
The review paper presents a systematic understanding of different synthesis routes to obtain holey graphene, its properties, and key applications in different fields. The article also evaluates the current progress and future opportunities of HG.
A review: the botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology of Cinnamomi cortex
Cinnamomi Cortex (CC) is the dried bark of Cinnamomum cassia (L.) J. Presl.
Recent progress of biomimetic motions—from microscopic micro/nanomotors to macroscopic actuators and soft robotics
Biomimetic motions are derived from the many different functional materials and/or intricate and highly organized structure of the biological material from the molecular to the nanoscale, microscale and macroscale.
Recent advances in the conversion of furfural into bio-chemicals through chemo- and bio-catalysis
Furfural is a promising renewable platform molecule derived from hemi-cellulose, which can be further converted to fossil fuel alternatives and valuable chemicals due to its highly functionalized molecular structure.
Recent advances in bismuth oxyhalide photocatalysts for degradation of organic pollutants in wastewater
Advances in BiOX photocatalysts for degradation of organic pollutants are introduced, including the controllable synthesis, heteroatom doping & surface modification, BiOX/BiOY and BiOX/BimOnXz heterojunctions.
Medicinal chemistry inspired by ginger: exploring the chemical space around 6-gingerol
Structure and reported bioactivities of semi-synthetic and synthetic 6-gingerol derivatives.
Anaerobic digestion and agronomic applications of microalgae for its sustainable valorization
Microalgae are considered potential candidates in biorefinery processes, and due to their biochemical properties, they can be used in the production of biofuels such as biogas, as well as for bioremediation of liquid effluents.
Nanomaterial-based drug delivery systems as promising carriers for patients with COVID-19
We propose a consideration of Avigan-loaded nano-emulsions as a promising nano-based delivery system for the treatment of COVID-19.
On the key role of aluminium and other heteroatoms during interzeolite conversion synthesis
The crucial roles of aluminium in driving and controlling interzeolite conversion, a useful catalyst synthesis protocol, are put under scrutiny.
Recent progress of effect of crystal structure on luminescence properties of Ce3+–Eu2+ Co-doped phosphors
Effect of crystal structure on luminescence properties of Ce3+–Eu2+ co-doped phosphors.
Covalent and non-covalent chemistry of 2D black phosphorus
This review presents novel concepts and strategies on the chemical functionalization of black phosphorus (BP), both non-covalent and covalent, emphazising the current synthetic challenges and providing fundamental insights into the chemistry of BP.
Recent advances in heteroatom-doped graphene quantum dots for sensing applications
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are carbon-based fluorescent nanomaterials having various applications due to attractive properties.
Microbial diversity in full-scale water supply systems through sequencing technology: a review
Drinking water microbial diversity influence in full-scale water supply systems.
Research progress in transition metal chalcogenide based anodes for K-ion hybrid capacitor applications: a mini-review
Metal ion capacitors have gained a lot of interest as a new kind of capacitor-battery hybrid energy storage system because of their high power density while maintaining energy density and a long lifetime.
Green synthesis of carbon dots and their applications
A review of the green carbon dot synthesis literature outlining the various precursors used, synthesis and purification methods employed, the resulting physicochemical properties of the carbon dots, and their applications.
Chemistry of trisindolines: natural occurrence, synthesis and bioactivity
This in-depth review of trisindolines covers their natural occurrence in addition to several routes of synthesis and catalysts used. The biological activities of trisindolines have been discussed with a special emphasis on the structure–activity relationship.
Current progress, challenges and future prospects of indazoles as protein kinase inhibitors for the treatment of cancer
The indazole core is an interesting pharmacophore due to its applications in medicinal chemistry.
Photodegradation of pesticides using compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA): a review
Pesticides are commonly applied in agriculture to protect crops from pests, weeds, and harmful pathogens.
A review on non-edible oil as a potential feedstock for biodiesel: physicochemical properties and production technologies
There is increasing concern regarding alleviating world energy demand by determining an alternative to petroleum-derived fuels due to the rapid depletion of fossil fuels, rapid population growth, and urbanization.
Potentialities of bioinspired metal and metal oxide nanoparticles in biomedical sciences
Bioinspired metallic nanoparticles (BMN) have revolutionized the biomedical domain and are still developing rapidly. Hence, this review on BMN elaborates the properties, biosynthesis, biomedical applications, and its role in combating the SARS-CoV-2.
Recent advances in intermolecular 1,2-difunctionalization of alkenes involving trifluoromethylthiolation
Trifluoromethylthiolative difunctionalization of alkenes, a cheap and abundant feedstock, which installs a trifluoromethylthiol (SCF3) group and another unique functional group across the carbon–carbon double bonds, provides an ideal strategy for the preparation of β-functionalized alkyl trifluoromethyl sulfides and has become a hot topic recently.
History, versatility and future prospects of oscillatory carbonylation reactions of alkynes
The BT-GN reactions are versatile chemical oscillators, oscillating in pH, redox potential and turbidity, and releasing heat in a pulsatile manner. The reaction system has a potential to be coupled with intelligent materials and yield applications.
Preparation and application of layered double hydroxide nanosheets
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with unique structure and excellent properties have been widely studied in recent years.
Representative 2D-material-based nanocomposites and their emerging applications: a review
Composites (or complex materials) are formed from two or many constituent materials with novel physical or chemical characteristics when integrated.
Green chemical and biological synthesis of cadaverine: recent development and challenges
Progress and strategies towards the green chemo/bio-synthesis of cadaverine with special attention to their environmental, economic, and applicable impact are reviewed.
Recent advances in metal-free heteroatom-doped carbon heterogonous catalysts
Recent advances in metal-free heteroatom-doped carbon heterogeneous catalysts including the preparation methods and their catalytic applications in various organic reactions have been reported.
Lignin biopolymer: the material of choice for advanced lithium-based batteries
Lignin, an aromatic polymer, offers interesting electroactive redox properties and abundant active functional groups.
Recent advances in the transesterification of β-keto esters
This review summarises the many advances in the selective transesterification of β-keto esters, with a particular focus on the past 30 years.
Progress and recent trends in the direct selenocyanation of (hetero)aromatic C–H bonds
Concise overview on the synthesis of biologically and synthetically important aromatic and heteroaromatic selenocyanates through the direct selenocyanation of (hetero)aromatic C–H bonds with an emphasis on the reaction mechanisms.
Natural and synthetic flavonoid derivatives as new potential tyrosinase inhibitors: a systematic review
This review revealed that among all the natural and synthetic flavonoids, the inhibitory findings suggest that the flavonol moiety can serve as an effective and a lead structural scaffold for the further development of novel TIs.
Spirocyclic derivatives as antioxidants: a review
This article provides an overview of the synthesis and various antioxidant activities found in naturally occurring and synthetic spiro compounds.
Recent advances in the metal–organic framework-based electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction in water splitting: a review
Water splitting is an important technology for alternative and sustainable energy storage, and a way for the production of hydrogen without generating pollution.
Metal phthalocyanines: thin-film formation, microstructure, and physical properties
Metal phthalocyanines (MPcs) are an abundant class of conjugated small molecules comprising and their integration into thin films is critial for the proper function of next generation applications.
Hydroxysulfonylation of alkenes: an update
The direct difunctionalization of alkenes recognized as a straightforward tool for the rapid fabrication of complex molecules and pharmaceutical targets by introducing two different functional groups on adjacent carbon atoms of common alkene moieties.
Electroactive macromolecular motors as model materials of ectotherm muscles
Macromolecular motors from model materials of ectotherm muscles work as electro-chemo-mechanical and thermo-mechanical transducers harvesting, above 35 °C, up to 60% of the reaction energy from the thermal environment saving chemical energy.
Ocean plastics: environmental implications and potential routes for mitigation – a perspective
Ocean plastics are of utmost global concern due to their impact on the environment, society, and economy. This perspective addresses the major contributing sources of ocean plastic pollution, their effects, and promising mitigation strategies.
Socio-economic demands and challenges for non-invasive disease diagnosis through a portable breathalyzer by the incorporation of 2D nanosheets and SMO nanocomposites
Breath analysis for non-invasive clinical diagnostics and treatment progression has penetrated the research community owing to the technological developments in novel sensing nanomaterials.
An overview of recent progress in dental applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles
Nanodentistry is an emerging field of nanotechnology in order to improvement dental treatment, care and prevention of oral diseases.
Droplet flow cytometry for single-cell analysis
This work reviews recent advances in the integration of emulsion microdroplets and flow cytometry technologies, so-called droplet flow cytometry (DFC), for high-throughput single-cell analysis.
Applications of aryl-sulfinamides in the synthesis of N-heterocycles
The review comprehends the usage of arylsulfinamides for the construction of diverse N-heterocycles like piperidines, pyrrolidines, aziridines, and their fused derivatives.
A comprehensive overview of vaccines developed for pandemic viral pathogens over the past two decades including those in clinical trials for the current novel SARS-CoV-2
We describe updated information on the various vaccines available over the last two decades, along with recent progress in developing 63 diverse vaccines against SARS-CoV-2.
Heterogeneous ZnO-containing catalysts for efficient biodiesel production
This review introduces recent advances in the catalytic conversion of oils into biodiesel using ZnO functional composite materials.
Clinically oriented Alzheimer's biosensors: expanding the horizons towards point-of-care diagnostics and beyond
Advancements of clinically driven biosensors in current Alzheimer's diagnosis are highlighted in both in vitro and in vivo applications.
Current perspectives on supercharging reagents in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
A simple illustration of the positive electrospray ionization (ESI) environment.
Multiscale numerical simulation of in-plane mechanical properties of two-dimensional monolayers
The recent progress of multiscale numeric methods for investigating in-plane mechanical properties of 2D monolayers is reviewed.
A perspective on the isolation and characterization of extracellular vesicles from different biofluids
Isolation and detection methods for the different types of EVs (e.g., exosomes, microvesicles, apoptotic bodies, oncosomes) from biofluids.
Solvent-free synthesis of propargylamines: an overview
This review focuses on solvent-free methodologies for the synthesis of propargylamines, a versatile class of compounds with numerous applications.
The phytochemistry, pharmacology and traditional medicinal use of Glechomae Herba – a systematic review
Glechomae Herba is a Chinese herb, which has been used in China for thousands of years, mainly for the treatment of nephrolithiasis.
Unique indolizidine alkaloid securinine is a promising scaffold for the development of neuroprotective and antitumor drugs
Derivatives of unique indolizidine alkaloid securinine used for neuroprotection and as antitumor agents.
Recent advances in MXene-based force sensors: a mini-review
As an emerging two-dimensional (2D) material, MXene has excellent conductivity and abundant surface functional groups.
Applications of nanomaterials in tissue engineering
Scientific description about the types, synthesis, functionalization, characterization application, challenges and prospects of nanomaterials in tissue engineering.
Nanoarchitectonics on living cells
We can introduce functional structures with various components on a living cell as if architectures were constructed on material surfaces.
Nano zero valent iron (nZVI) particles for the removal of heavy metals (Cd2+, Cu2+ and Pb2+) from aqueous solutions
Heavy metals (Cd2+, Cu2+ and Pb2+) removal mechanisms of nZVI from aqueous solution.
Potential carbon nanomaterials as additives for state-of-the-art Nafion electrolyte in proton-exchange membrane fuel cells: a concise review
We summarize here recent advances in carbon nanomaterials as additives for the state-of-the-art Nafion electrolytes for proton-exchange membrane fuel cells.
Copper as an antimicrobial agent: recent advances
The causes of death for each microorganism by CuNPs and metallic copper is summarised.
In search of therapeutic candidates for HIV/AIDS: rational approaches, design strategies, structure–activity relationship and mechanistic insights
The HIV/AIDS pandemic is a serious threat to the health and development of mankind, which has affected about 37.9 million people worldwide.
Biomaterial design strategies to address obstacles in craniomaxillofacial bone repair
There exist many challenges in the process of regenerating craniomaxillofacial bone defects, thus biomaterials must be designed to overcome these.
Magnetically recoverable catalysts for the preparation of pyridine derivatives: an overview
Magnetically recoverable nano-catalysts can be readily separated from the reaction medium using an external magnet.
A review on potential of natural products in the management of COVID-19
In this review promising targets for drug development against SARS-CoV-2 and anti-viral activities of some of the known natural products (including plant secondary metabolites) are discussed.
About this collection
This web collection brings together all of the reviews published in RSC Advances in 2021.