Nanomechanics of low-dimensional materials for functional applications
When materials’ characteristic dimensions are reduced to the nanoscale regime, their mechanical properties will vary significantly to that of their bulk counterparts.
Will surface effects dominate in quasi-two-dimensional gallium oxide for electronic and photonic devices?
The ultra-wide band gap semiconductor Ga2O3 has advantages for power electronics applications in the automotive industry, data center power management and industrial systems but attention must be paid to its surface sensitivity to the environment.
The quantum-confined superfluid concept is introduced, and its applications in chemistry and biology are summarized.
Aggregation-induced emission: fundamental understanding and future developments
In-depth discussion on recent progress of fundamental understanding of AIE mechanisms, identifying the existing challenges and opportunities for future developments.
How to quantify isotropic negative thermal expansion: magnitude, range, or both?
Negative thermal expansion (NTE) is the counterintuitive material property of volume contraction on heating. We compare different systems with contrasting mechanisms for isotropic NTE using the metric of NTE capacity.
Physical magnification of objects
For hundreds of years, scientists have magnified images of objects to reveal their detailed composition and structure. Now, scientists are beginning to physically magnify objects themselves.
An introduction to ratchets in chemistry and biology
This article describes the functions and mechanisms of particle and electron ratchets, and the interplay between theory and experiment in this field of non-equilibrium transport.
Engineering dendrimers to produce dendrimer dipole excitation based terahertz radiation sources suitable for spectrometry, molecular and biomedical imaging
Systematic engineering of PAMAM dendrimer CNDPs (i.e., surface chemistry and interior compositions) produced hyperpolarizable substrates that generated terahertz radiation when exposed to a pump laser.
Thermoresponsive polymers with lower critical solution temperature: from fundamental aspects and measuring techniques to recommended turbidimetry conditions
This focus article addresses fundamental and practical aspects of investigating polymers with lower critical solution temperature behavior.
Doping two-dimensional materials: ultra-sensitive sensors, band gap tuning and ferromagnetic monolayers
Well-designed defects can lead to unprecedented properties and interesting applications. For example, heteroatom-doped graphene exhibits enhanced Raman scattering for ultrasensitive detection of certain molecules.
The living dead – common misconceptions about reversible deactivation radical polymerization
We illustrate common misconceptions and errors when interpreting polymerization data from ‘Living/controlled’ radical polymerization, preferably termed ‘reversible deactivation radical polymerization’ (RDRP). Avoiding the discussed errors leads to better defined materials for soft matter materials applications.
Spraying functional fibres by electrospinning
This brief focus article shows you how to prepare functional fibers with controllable morphology, alignment and composition via an electrospinning technique.
Principles and implementations of electrolysis systems for water splitting
Efforts to develop renewable sources of carbon-neutral fuels have brought a renewed focus to research and development of sunlight-driven water-splitting systems.
Statistics, damned statistics and nanoscience – using data science to meet the challenge of nanomaterial complexity
Combining advances in digital technology and modern methods in statistics with a detailed understanding of nano-structure/property relationships can pave the way for more realistic predictions of nanomaterials performance.
Fermi level, work function and vacuum level
Electronic levels and energies of a solid, such as Fermi level, vacuum level, work function, ionization energy or electron affinity, are of paramount importance for the control of device behavior, charge carrier injection and transport.
Light emission in nanogaps: overcoming quenching
Tiny metal nanogaps may offer a unique platform for achieving extremely larger spontaneous decay rate with high quantum yield.
A gentle introduction to the noble art of flow chemistry
The authors provide a simple tutorial-style introduction to do-it-yourself flow chemistry, emphasising the advantages of well designed, self-built kit over expensive off-the-shelf commercial equipment.
Mind the gap!
The energy gap is a critical material parameter. Here, we illustrate the concepts behind the various flavors of energy gaps relevant for organic materials and call for a more consistent use of appropriate terminologies and procedures.
About this collection
This themed collection contains Focus articles published in Materials Horizons and Nanoscale Horizons.
These articles are free to access upon publication.