Themed collection Editor’s Choice: Controlling anisotropy in nanomaterials
Synthesis, growth mechanisms, and applications of palladium-based nanowires and other one-dimensional nanostructures
We review the synthesis, characterization, and applications of one-dimensional palladium-based nanostructures and provide perspectives on future directions in this field.
Recent progress in black phosphorus and black-phosphorus-analogue materials: properties, synthesis and applications
BP and BP-analogue materials: their structure and main applications.
Two-dimensional ferromagnetism in CrTe flakes down to atomically thin layers
Two-dimensional ferromagnet, chromium tellurium (CrTe) was successfully synthesized. The thickness-Curie temperature phase diagram has been obtained and the results demonstrate that CrTe flakes are good hard magnets with the thickness down to 11 nm.
Exfoliation of metal–organic frameworks into efficient single-layer metal–organic nanosheet electrocatalysts by the synergistic action of host–guest interactions and sonication
Rapid exfoliation of pillared-layer metal–organic frameworks into single-layer metal–organic nanosheets for a high turnover frequency of water oxidation.
High photoluminescence of shortwave infrared-emitting anisotropic surface charged gold nanoclusters
Incorporating anisotropic surface charges on atomically precise gold nanoclusters led to a intense shortwave infrared photoluminescence exceeding 1100 nm with QY up to 6.1%.
Perpendicularly magnetized Co/Pd-based magneto-resistive heterostructures on flexible substrates
Flexible PMA spin-valve thin film stacks with a high magneto-electric robustness aginst bending were obtained on large-area substrates by using an effective and versatile Au-mediated transfer and bonding strategy.
Janus membrane with novel directional water transport capacity for efficient atmospheric water capture
Janus membrane with novel directional water transport capacity is fabricated by integrating in situ surface oxidation and electrospinning. It possesses excellent atmospheric water capture capacity and be successfully applied in plant cultivation.
Novel two-dimensional tetrahexagonal boron nitride with a sizable band gap and a sign-tunable Poisson's ratio
Tetrahexagonal boron nitride as a suitable substrate for tetrahexcarbon possesses robust stability, exotic mechanical behaviors such as sign-tunable Poisson's ratio, and remarkable electronic properties such as indirect-to-direct band gap transition.
Anisotropic nanoporous morphology of ZnO-supported Co that enhances catalytic activity
Conversion reaction synthesis methods yield a nanoporous ZnO-supported Co catalyst with an anisotropic crystal structure and an anisotropic, hierarchical, columnar wall morphology that is highly efficient for steam reforming of ethanol to produce H2.
Full quantum search for high Tc two-dimensional van der Waals ferromagnetic semiconductors
High throughput and accurate screening of 2D ferromagnetic semiconductors was conducted, predicting superior candidates and unveiling the crucial roles of quantum effects in 2D magnetism.
Discovery of intrinsic two-dimensional antiferromagnets from transition-metal borides
Intrinsic magnetic two-dimensional transition-metal borides possess high critical temperature above 300 K. They are antiferromagnetic Ising metals with out-of-plane magnetic easy axis.
Resolving the stacking fault structure of silver nanoplates
The stacking fault structure of Ag nanoplates is systematically investigated on the atomic level, providing an insight into the origin of anisotropic growth.
Near-infrared nanosecond-pulsed laser-activated highly efficient intracellular delivery mediated by nano-corrugated mushroom-shaped gold-coated polystyrene nanoparticles
Here, an efficient intracellular delivery of molecules with high cell viability is reported using plasmonic photoporation mediated by nano-corrugated mushroom-shaped gold-coated polystyrene nanoparticles at near-infrared wavelength.
High Curie temperature and carrier mobility of novel Fe, Co and Ni carbide MXenes
MXenes have intrinsic and robust ferromagnetism well above room temperature as well as high and anisotropic carrier mobility.
Comparative evaluation of MAX, MXene, NanoMAX, and NanoMAX-derived-MXene for microwave absorption and Li ion battery anode applications
Bulk and nanosized MAX and MXene phases are comparatively evaluated for microwave absorption and Li-ion battery anode applications.
An anisotropic layer-by-layer carbon nanotube/boron nitride/rubber composite and its application in electromagnetic shielding
A carbon nanotube/boron nitride/rubber composite with anisotropic electrical conductivity exhibits an EMI shielding effectiveness of 22.41 dB mm−1 and a thermal conductivity equal to 0.25 W m−1 K−1.
Intrinsic ferromagnetism with high temperature, strong anisotropy and controllable magnetization in the CrX (X = P, As) monolayer
2D ferromagnetic (FM) materials with high temperature, large magnetocrystalline anisotropic energy (MAE), and controllable magnetization are highly desirable for novel nanoscale spintronic applications.
Intermetallic Pd3Pb nanocubes with high selectivity for the 4-electron oxygen reduction reaction pathway
Pd-Based nanoparticles are excellent alternatives to the typically used Pt-based materials that catalyze fuel cell reactions.
A highly -textured Sb2Se3 photocathode for efficient photoelectrochemical water reduction
The highly -oriented Sb2Se3 film exhibits an outstanding charge carrier transport efficiency and minimized recombination losses. It delivers a record high saturation hydrogen reduction photocurrent density of −25.4 mA cm−2.
Magneto-mechanical actuation of magnetic responsive fibrous scaffolds boosts tenogenesis of human adipose stem cells
Topographical cues of magnetically responsive tendon mimetic 3D scaffolds in combination with magneto-mechanical stimulation of human adipose stem cells synergistically boost their tenogenesis.
SERS and plasmonic heating efficiency from anisotropic core/satellite superstructures
SERS and plasmonic heating efficiency are combined by adjusting the ratio of radiative and non-radiative properties of self-assembled anisotropic superstructures.
A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber enabled by the simple design of a rectangular-shaped resonator with an elongated slot
Broadband metamaterial absorbers are of critical importance in practical applications, but their obtainment approaches are quite complex at present.
High piezo-resistive performances of anisotropic composites realized by embedding rGO-based chitosan aerogels into open cell polyurethane foams
In situ bidirectional freeze-drying process for the development of anisotropic aerogel–foam composites.
Shape-control of one-dimensional PtNi nanostructures as efficient electrocatalysts for alcohol electrooxidation
A series of 1D PtNi NWs with modulated morphology, anisotropy and superior flexibility could serve as promising electrocatalysts for alcohol oxidation reactions, showing improved catalytic activity and stability.
Large area metal micro-/nano-groove arrays with both structural color and anisotropic wetting fabricated by one-step focused laser interference lithography
Colorful and anisotropic multi-functional metal surfaces fabricated by focused laser interference lithography.
Hybrid plasmonic Au–TiN vertically aligned nanocomposites: a nanoscale platform towards tunable optical sensing
A tailorable Au–TiN hybrid plasmonic nanocomposite with tunable optical functionality has been demonstrated.
Controlling the dominant magnetic relaxation mechanisms for magnetic hyperthermia in bimagnetic core–shell nanoparticles
The dominant magnetic relaxation mechanism can be controlled by changing the effective magnetic anisotropy in core/shell nanoparticles, preserving its magnetic saturation, size and morphology for hyperthermia experiments.
About this collection
Professor Shouheng Sun (Brown University, USA), Associate Editor for Nanoscale and Nanoscale Advances, introduces his Editor’s Choice collection.
“Anisotropy is an important characteristic that offers desirable direction-dependent properties in materials. Recent advances in nanoscience research have led to extensive studies in controlling anisotropy in nanomaterials to provide unprecedented control over their properties and functionality.
This online collection from Nanoscale and Nanoscale Advances highlights work on controlling anisotropy in nanomaterials to achieve desired chemical and physical properties. These articles provide understanding of the growth of anisotropic nanostructures at the atomic and molecular level, and explore their use in optoelectronic, magnetic, catalytic, biomedical and molecular separation applications.”