Themed collection Editor’s Choice: Controlling anisotropy in nanomaterials

27 items
Review Article

Synthesis, growth mechanisms, and applications of palladium-based nanowires and other one-dimensional nanostructures

We review the synthesis, characterization, and applications of one-dimensional palladium-based nanostructures and provide perspectives on future directions in this field.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis, growth mechanisms, and applications of palladium-based nanowires and other one-dimensional nanostructures
Review Article

Recent progress in black phosphorus and black-phosphorus-analogue materials: properties, synthesis and applications

BP and BP-analogue materials: their structure and main applications.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress in black phosphorus and black-phosphorus-analogue materials: properties, synthesis and applications
Communication

Two-dimensional ferromagnetism in CrTe flakes down to atomically thin layers

Two-dimensional ferromagnet, chromium tellurium (CrTe) was successfully synthesized. The thickness-Curie temperature phase diagram has been obtained and the results demonstrate that CrTe flakes are good hard magnets with the thickness down to 11 nm.

Graphical abstract: Two-dimensional ferromagnetism in CrTe flakes down to atomically thin layers
Communication

Exfoliation of metal–organic frameworks into efficient single-layer metal–organic nanosheet electrocatalysts by the synergistic action of host–guest interactions and sonication

Rapid exfoliation of pillared-layer metal–organic frameworks into single-layer metal–organic nanosheets for a high turnover frequency of water oxidation.

Graphical abstract: Exfoliation of metal–organic frameworks into efficient single-layer metal–organic nanosheet electrocatalysts by the synergistic action of host–guest interactions and sonication
Communication

High photoluminescence of shortwave infrared-emitting anisotropic surface charged gold nanoclusters

Incorporating anisotropic surface charges on atomically precise gold nanoclusters led to a intense shortwave infrared photoluminescence exceeding 1100 nm with QY up to 6.1%.

Graphical abstract: High photoluminescence of shortwave infrared-emitting anisotropic surface charged gold nanoclusters
Open Access Paper

Perpendicularly magnetized Co/Pd-based magneto-resistive heterostructures on flexible substrates

Flexible PMA spin-valve thin film stacks with a high magneto-electric robustness aginst bending were obtained on large-area substrates by using an effective and versatile Au-mediated transfer and bonding strategy.

Graphical abstract: Perpendicularly magnetized Co/Pd-based magneto-resistive heterostructures on flexible substrates
Paper

Janus membrane with novel directional water transport capacity for efficient atmospheric water capture

Janus membrane with novel directional water transport capacity is fabricated by integrating in situ surface oxidation and electrospinning. It possesses excellent atmospheric water capture capacity and be successfully applied in plant cultivation.

Graphical abstract: Janus membrane with novel directional water transport capacity for efficient atmospheric water capture
Paper

Novel two-dimensional tetrahexagonal boron nitride with a sizable band gap and a sign-tunable Poisson's ratio

Tetrahexagonal boron nitride as a suitable substrate for tetrahexcarbon possesses robust stability, exotic mechanical behaviors such as sign-tunable Poisson's ratio, and remarkable electronic properties such as indirect-to-direct band gap transition.

Graphical abstract: Novel two-dimensional tetrahexagonal boron nitride with a sizable band gap and a sign-tunable Poisson's ratio
Paper

Anisotropic nanoporous morphology of ZnO-supported Co that enhances catalytic activity

Conversion reaction synthesis methods yield a nanoporous ZnO-supported Co catalyst with an anisotropic crystal structure and an anisotropic, hierarchical, columnar wall morphology that is highly efficient for steam reforming of ethanol to produce H2.

Graphical abstract: Anisotropic nanoporous morphology of ZnO-supported Co that enhances catalytic activity
Paper

Full quantum search for high Tc two-dimensional van der Waals ferromagnetic semiconductors

High throughput and accurate screening of 2D ferromagnetic semiconductors was conducted, predicting superior candidates and unveiling the crucial roles of quantum effects in 2D magnetism.

Graphical abstract: Full quantum search for high Tc two-dimensional van der Waals ferromagnetic semiconductors
Paper

Discovery of intrinsic two-dimensional antiferromagnets from transition-metal borides

Intrinsic magnetic two-dimensional transition-metal borides possess high critical temperature above 300 K. They are antiferromagnetic Ising metals with out-of-plane magnetic easy axis.

Graphical abstract: Discovery of intrinsic two-dimensional antiferromagnets from transition-metal borides
Paper

Resolving the stacking fault structure of silver nanoplates

The stacking fault structure of Ag nanoplates is systematically investigated on the atomic level, providing an insight into the origin of anisotropic growth.

Graphical abstract: Resolving the stacking fault structure of silver nanoplates
Paper

Near-infrared nanosecond-pulsed laser-activated highly efficient intracellular delivery mediated by nano-corrugated mushroom-shaped gold-coated polystyrene nanoparticles

Here, an efficient intracellular delivery of molecules with high cell viability is reported using plasmonic photoporation mediated by nano-corrugated mushroom-shaped gold-coated polystyrene nanoparticles at near-infrared wavelength.

Graphical abstract: Near-infrared nanosecond-pulsed laser-activated highly efficient intracellular delivery mediated by nano-corrugated mushroom-shaped gold-coated polystyrene nanoparticles
Paper

High Curie temperature and carrier mobility of novel Fe, Co and Ni carbide MXenes

MXenes have intrinsic and robust ferromagnetism well above room temperature as well as high and anisotropic carrier mobility.

Graphical abstract: High Curie temperature and carrier mobility of novel Fe, Co and Ni carbide MXenes
Paper

Comparative evaluation of MAX, MXene, NanoMAX, and NanoMAX-derived-MXene for microwave absorption and Li ion battery anode applications

Bulk and nanosized MAX and MXene phases are comparatively evaluated for microwave absorption and Li-ion battery anode applications.

Graphical abstract: Comparative evaluation of MAX, MXene, NanoMAX, and NanoMAX-derived-MXene for microwave absorption and Li ion battery anode applications
Open Access Paper

An anisotropic layer-by-layer carbon nanotube/boron nitride/rubber composite and its application in electromagnetic shielding

A carbon nanotube/boron nitride/rubber composite with anisotropic electrical conductivity exhibits an EMI shielding effectiveness of 22.41 dB mm−1 and a thermal conductivity equal to 0.25 W m−1 K−1.

Graphical abstract: An anisotropic layer-by-layer carbon nanotube/boron nitride/rubber composite and its application in electromagnetic shielding
Paper

Intrinsic ferromagnetism with high temperature, strong anisotropy and controllable magnetization in the CrX (X = P, As) monolayer

2D ferromagnetic (FM) materials with high temperature, large magnetocrystalline anisotropic energy (MAE), and controllable magnetization are highly desirable for novel nanoscale spintronic applications.

Graphical abstract: Intrinsic ferromagnetism with high temperature, strong anisotropy and controllable magnetization in the CrX (X = P, As) monolayer
Paper

Intermetallic Pd3Pb nanocubes with high selectivity for the 4-electron oxygen reduction reaction pathway

Pd-Based nanoparticles are excellent alternatives to the typically used Pt-based materials that catalyze fuel cell reactions.

Graphical abstract: Intermetallic Pd3Pb nanocubes with high selectivity for the 4-electron oxygen reduction reaction pathway
Paper

A highly [001]-textured Sb2Se3 photocathode for efficient photoelectrochemical water reduction

The highly [001]-oriented Sb2Se3 film exhibits an outstanding charge carrier transport efficiency and minimized recombination losses. It delivers a record high saturation hydrogen reduction photocurrent density of −25.4 mA cm−2.

Graphical abstract: A highly [001]-textured Sb2Se3 photocathode for efficient photoelectrochemical water reduction
Paper

Magneto-mechanical actuation of magnetic responsive fibrous scaffolds boosts tenogenesis of human adipose stem cells

Topographical cues of magnetically responsive tendon mimetic 3D scaffolds in combination with magneto-mechanical stimulation of human adipose stem cells synergistically boost their tenogenesis.

Graphical abstract: Magneto-mechanical actuation of magnetic responsive fibrous scaffolds boosts tenogenesis of human adipose stem cells
Open Access Paper

SERS and plasmonic heating efficiency from anisotropic core/satellite superstructures

SERS and plasmonic heating efficiency are combined by adjusting the ratio of radiative and non-radiative properties of self-assembled anisotropic superstructures.

Graphical abstract: SERS and plasmonic heating efficiency from anisotropic core/satellite superstructures
Open Access Paper

A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber enabled by the simple design of a rectangular-shaped resonator with an elongated slot

Broadband metamaterial absorbers are of critical importance in practical applications, but their obtainment approaches are quite complex at present.

Graphical abstract: A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber enabled by the simple design of a rectangular-shaped resonator with an elongated slot
Paper

High piezo-resistive performances of anisotropic composites realized by embedding rGO-based chitosan aerogels into open cell polyurethane foams

In situ bidirectional freeze-drying process for the development of anisotropic aerogel–foam composites.

Graphical abstract: High piezo-resistive performances of anisotropic composites realized by embedding rGO-based chitosan aerogels into open cell polyurethane foams
Paper

Shape-control of one-dimensional PtNi nanostructures as efficient electrocatalysts for alcohol electrooxidation

A series of 1D PtNi NWs with modulated morphology, anisotropy and superior flexibility could serve as promising electrocatalysts for alcohol oxidation reactions, showing improved catalytic activity and stability.

Graphical abstract: Shape-control of one-dimensional PtNi nanostructures as efficient electrocatalysts for alcohol electrooxidation
Paper

Large area metal micro-/nano-groove arrays with both structural color and anisotropic wetting fabricated by one-step focused laser interference lithography

Colorful and anisotropic multi-functional metal surfaces fabricated by focused laser interference lithography.

Graphical abstract: Large area metal micro-/nano-groove arrays with both structural color and anisotropic wetting fabricated by one-step focused laser interference lithography
Open Access Paper

Hybrid plasmonic Au–TiN vertically aligned nanocomposites: a nanoscale platform towards tunable optical sensing

A tailorable Au–TiN hybrid plasmonic nanocomposite with tunable optical functionality has been demonstrated.

Graphical abstract: Hybrid plasmonic Au–TiN vertically aligned nanocomposites: a nanoscale platform towards tunable optical sensing
Paper

Controlling the dominant magnetic relaxation mechanisms for magnetic hyperthermia in bimagnetic core–shell nanoparticles

The dominant magnetic relaxation mechanism can be controlled by changing the effective magnetic anisotropy in core/shell nanoparticles, preserving its magnetic saturation, size and morphology for hyperthermia experiments.

Graphical abstract: Controlling the dominant magnetic relaxation mechanisms for magnetic hyperthermia in bimagnetic core–shell nanoparticles
27 items

About this collection

Professor Shouheng Sun, Brown University, USA, and Associate Editor for Nanoscale and Nanoscale Advances, introduces his Editor’s Choice collection.

“Anisotropy is an important characteristic that offers desirable direction-dependent properties in materials. Recent advances in nanoscience research have led to extensive studies in controlling anisotropy in nanomaterials to provide unprecedented control over their properties and functionality.

This online collection from Nanoscale and Nanoscale Advances highlights work on controlling anisotropy in nanomaterials to achieve desired chemical and physical properties. These articles provide understanding of the growth of anisotropic nanostructures at the atomic and molecular level, and explore their use in optoelectronic, magnetic, catalytic, biomedical and molecular separation applications.”

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