Themed collection Battery science and technology – powered by chemistry

50 items
Open Access Perspective

Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes

Perspective on recent improvements in experiment and theory towards realizing lithium metal electrodes with liquid electrolytes.

Graphical abstract: Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes
Open Access Perspective

Aqueous zinc ion batteries: focus on zinc metal anodes

This perspective discusses the main issues with Zn anodes and highlights recent strategies to improve their performance in aqueous zinc ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Aqueous zinc ion batteries: focus on zinc metal anodes
Focus

Hollow multishelled structures revive high energy density batteries

This Focus article clarifies that hollow multishelled structure-based electrode is indispensable to realize practically high energy density of rechargeable batteries.

Graphical abstract: Hollow multishelled structures revive high energy density batteries
Open Access Review Article

High-entropy energy materials: challenges and new opportunities

An overview of high-entropy materials for energy applications, including H2 catalysis and storage, CO2 conversion, O2 catalysis and electrochemical energy storage, is given and the challenges and opportunities within this field are discussed.

Graphical abstract: High-entropy energy materials: challenges and new opportunities
Review Article

Potassium-ion batteries: outlook on present and future technologies

The limited resources and uneven distribution of lithium stimulate strong motivation to develop new rechargeable potassium-ion batteries that use alternative charge carriers.

Graphical abstract: Potassium-ion batteries: outlook on present and future technologies
Review Article

Biomass-based materials for green lithium secondary batteries

This review summarizes the employment of different biomass materials for green lithium secondary batteries.

Graphical abstract: Biomass-based materials for green lithium secondary batteries
Review Article

Functional separators towards the suppression of lithium dendrites for rechargeable high-energy batteries

This review summarizes the recent advances of functional separators towards the suppression of lithium dendrites in lithium metal batteries.

Graphical abstract: Functional separators towards the suppression of lithium dendrites for rechargeable high-energy batteries
From the themed collection: Recent Review Articles
Open Access Review Article

The success story of graphite as a lithium-ion anode material – fundamentals, remaining challenges, and recent developments including silicon (oxide) composites

This review provides a comprehensive overview about the “hidden champion” of lithium-ion battery technology – graphite.

Graphical abstract: The success story of graphite as a lithium-ion anode material – fundamentals, remaining challenges, and recent developments including silicon (oxide) composites
Review Article

Towards high-performance solid-state Li–S batteries: from fundamental understanding to engineering design

This review article provides a comprehensive overview of solid-state Li–S batteries from the viewpoints of fundamental study and engineering design.

Graphical abstract: Towards high-performance solid-state Li–S batteries: from fundamental understanding to engineering design
Review Article

Guidelines and trends for next-generation rechargeable lithium and lithium-ion batteries

This review article summarizes the current trends and provides guidelines towards next-generation rechargeable lithium and lithium-ion battery chemistries.

Graphical abstract: Guidelines and trends for next-generation rechargeable lithium and lithium-ion batteries
Tutorial Review

Materials chemistry for rechargeable zinc-ion batteries

This tutorial review presents an introduction to the fundamentals, challenges, recent advances and prospects of rechargeable zinc-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Materials chemistry for rechargeable zinc-ion batteries
Communication

Improving high rate cycling limitations of thick sintered battery electrodes by mitigating molecular transport limitations through modifying electrode microstructure and electrolyte conductivity

Mitigating molecular transport limitations in thick sintered battery electrodes with electrolyte and microstructure design.

Graphical abstract: Improving high rate cycling limitations of thick sintered battery electrodes by mitigating molecular transport limitations through modifying electrode microstructure and electrolyte conductivity
Open Access Communication

Realizing poly(ethylene oxide) as a polymer for solid electrolytes in high voltage lithium batteries via simple modification of the cell setup

Cell failure of polymer electrolytes is rather the result of short circuits instead of assumed electrolyte oxidation. A spacer with a constant and defined distance can avoid this failure, thus realize a benchmark system for a more systematic R&D.

Graphical abstract: Realizing poly(ethylene oxide) as a polymer for solid electrolytes in high voltage lithium batteries via simple modification of the cell setup
Communication

An extended carbonyl-rich conjugated polymer cathode for high-capacity lithium-ion batteries

A novel polymer with an extended π-conjugated structure (PPh-PTO) can show a delocalized electronic distribution and achieve a higher voltage, excellent cycle life, and good rate capabilities.

Graphical abstract: An extended carbonyl-rich conjugated polymer cathode for high-capacity lithium-ion batteries
Open Access Communication

Characterization of mechanical degradation in an all-solid-state battery cathode

In this work, we visualize and quantify the microstructure evolution in the composite electrode after solid-state battery (SSB) cycling. The observed severe mechanical degradation highlights the importance of mechanical considerations in SSB design.

Graphical abstract: Characterization of mechanical degradation in an all-solid-state battery cathode
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Communication

Pressure effects on sulfide electrolytes for all solid-state batteries

All-solid-state batteries exhibit good performance even at low operating stack pressure when soft electrode materials are used.

Graphical abstract: Pressure effects on sulfide electrolytes for all solid-state batteries
Communication

A highly reversible neutral zinc/manganese battery for stationary energy storage

A highly reversible neutral zinc/manganese battery with two-electron transfer properties.

Graphical abstract: A highly reversible neutral zinc/manganese battery for stationary energy storage
Communication

A highly Li+-conductive HfNb24O62 anode material for superior Li+ storage

Highly Li+-conductive HfNb24O62 is explored as a new intercalation-type anode material for fast-charging, large-capacity, safe and durable Li+ storage.

Graphical abstract: A highly Li+-conductive HfNb24O62 anode material for superior Li+ storage
Communication

A redox targeting-based material recycling strategy for spent lithium ion batteries

With the retirement of a massive amount of end-of-life Li-ion batteries, proper disposal of the hazardous wastes and cost-effective valorization of useful materials have become increasingly pressing and have attracted extensive attention worldwide.

Graphical abstract: A redox targeting-based material recycling strategy for spent lithium ion batteries
Open Access Edge Article

Non-concentrated aqueous electrolytes with organic solvent additives for stable zinc batteries

Involvement of dimethyl carbonate and trifluoromethanesulfonate anions in a hybrid aqueous electrolyte enables the formation of a new Zn2+-solvation structure and a ZnF2–ZnCO3-rich interphase that stabilizes the Zn battery chemistry.

Graphical abstract: Non-concentrated aqueous electrolytes with organic solvent additives for stable zinc batteries
Open Access Edge Article

Proton-conductive coordination polymer glass for solid-state anhydrous proton batteries

Melt-quenched coordination polymer glass shows exclusive H+ conductivity (8.0 × 10−3 S cm−1 at 120 °C, anhydrous) and optimal mechanical properties (42.8 Pa s at 120 °C), enables the operation of an all-solid-state proton battery from RT to 110 °C.

Graphical abstract: Proton-conductive coordination polymer glass for solid-state anhydrous proton batteries
Open Access Paper

Homogenous metallic deposition regulated by defect-rich skeletons for sodium metal batteries

Sustainable carbon skeletons with rich defects and negligible pores are applied to induce the uniform metallic sodium deposition for stable sodium metal batteries.

Graphical abstract: Homogenous metallic deposition regulated by defect-rich skeletons for sodium metal batteries
Open Access Paper

Concentrated dual-cation electrolyte strategy for aqueous zinc-ion batteries

A dual-cation concentrated electrolyte has been developed to enable a stable Zn anode and a vanadium-oxide-based cathode for efficient aqueous Zn-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Concentrated dual-cation electrolyte strategy for aqueous zinc-ion batteries
Paper

Nanostructured intermetallic InSb as a high-capacity and high-performance negative electrode for sodium-ion batteries

The paper reports the performance of a nanostructured InSb alloy as a promising negative electrode for sodium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Nanostructured intermetallic InSb as a high-capacity and high-performance negative electrode for sodium-ion batteries
Paper

Tuning the performance of a Mg negative electrode through grain boundaries and alloying toward the realization of Mg batteries

Tilt grain boundaries, side surfaces (with respect to the (0001) surface) and a proper doping/alloying, such as Ca, in Mg electrode can accelerate the dissolution of the Mg atoms and result in higher current density.

Graphical abstract: Tuning the performance of a Mg negative electrode through grain boundaries and alloying toward the realization of Mg batteries
Open Access Paper

Lithium ion battery recycling using high-intensity ultrasonication

Electric vehicle battery electrodes are delaminated ultra-fast using high-powered ultrasound, separating active materials from the foil current collectors.

Graphical abstract: Lithium ion battery recycling using high-intensity ultrasonication
From the themed collection: 2021 Green Chemistry Hot Articles
Paper

A flame-retardant polymer electrolyte for high performance lithium metal batteries with an expanded operation temperature

The well-designed flame-retardant polymer electrolyte greatly improves the safety and cycle life of high energy density lithium metal batteries.

Graphical abstract: A flame-retardant polymer electrolyte for high performance lithium metal batteries with an expanded operation temperature
Paper

Zinc/selenium conversion battery: a system highly compatible with both organic and aqueous electrolytes

Both organic and aqueous zinc–selenium batteries deliver competitive capacity with a higher plateau voltage than traditional zinc ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Zinc/selenium conversion battery: a system highly compatible with both organic and aqueous electrolytes
Open Access Paper

Cation ordered Ni-rich layered cathode for ultra-long battery life

The observed ultra-long battery life of 8000 cycles demonstrated by the Ni-rich compositionally graded NCM cathode stems mainly from the cation ordered structure.

Graphical abstract: Cation ordered Ni-rich layered cathode for ultra-long battery life
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Co-construction of sulfur vacancies and carbon confinement in V5S8/CNFs to induce an ultra-stable performance for half/full sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries

Sulfur defective V5S8/CNFs is synthesized by an electrospinning method, followed by sulfuration treatment. The obtained composite exhibits attractive capacities and ultra-stable cycling performances when using as anode materials for sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Co-construction of sulfur vacancies and carbon confinement in V5S8/CNFs to induce an ultra-stable performance for half/full sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries
Paper

Sulfur-assisted large-scale synthesis of graphene microspheres for superior potassium-ion batteries

Large-scale low-cost preparation methods for high quality graphene are critical for advancing graphene-based applications in energy storage, and beyond.

Graphical abstract: Sulfur-assisted large-scale synthesis of graphene microspheres for superior potassium-ion batteries
Open Access Paper

High-performance all-organic aqueous batteries based on a poly(imide) anode and poly(catechol) cathode

All-organic aqueous batteries based on universal poly(imide) anodes and poly(catechol) cathodes with tunable cell voltage are reported by exploiting different charge carriers (Li+, Zn2+, Al3+, and Li+/H+). A full-cell achieves the highest energy/power density of 80.6 W h kg−1/348 kW kg−1 in Li+/H+.

Graphical abstract: High-performance all-organic aqueous batteries based on a poly(imide) anode and poly(catechol) cathode
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Antimony alloying electrode for high-performance sodium removal: how to use a battery material not stable in aqueous media for saline water remediation

The high sodium uptake capacity of antimony can be used for high performance water desalination by using a ceramic ion-exchange membrane.

Graphical abstract: Antimony alloying electrode for high-performance sodium removal: how to use a battery material not stable in aqueous media for saline water remediation
Paper

A chemical map of NaSICON electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries

Using first-principles calculations, we chart the chemical space of 3d transition metal-based NaSICON phosphates with the formula NaxMM′(PO4)3 (with M and M′ = Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni). Novel NaSICON compositions were revealed.

Graphical abstract: A chemical map of NaSICON electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries
From the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers
Paper

Sustainable S cathodes with synergic electrocatalysis for room-temperature Na–S batteries

ZnS quantum dots and single Co atoms grown in N-doped carbon microparticles serve as multifunctional S hosts for sustainable Na–S batteries.

Graphical abstract: Sustainable S cathodes with synergic electrocatalysis for room-temperature Na–S batteries
Open Access Paper

All ceramic cathode composite design and manufacturing towards low interfacial resistance for garnet-based solid-state lithium batteries

Solution-assisted all-oxide-cathode formation method allows reduction of processing temperature without using sintering additives, demonstrating the lowest interfacial impedance in garnet-based solid-state lithium batteries.

Graphical abstract: All ceramic cathode composite design and manufacturing towards low interfacial resistance for garnet-based solid-state lithium batteries
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Investigating the effect of a fluoroethylene carbonate additive on lithium deposition and the solid electrolyte interphase in lithium metal batteries using in situ NMR spectroscopy

An in situ NMR study of Li deposition and the SEI on Li metal. Isotope exchange measurements reveal the fast transport properties in the SEI formed with FEC and the accelerated SEI formation rate, in part explaining the homogeneous electrodeposition using FEC additives.

Graphical abstract: Investigating the effect of a fluoroethylene carbonate additive on lithium deposition and the solid electrolyte interphase in lithium metal batteries using in situ NMR spectroscopy
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

High-energy and high-power Zn–Ni flow batteries with semi-solid electrodes

Careful rheological design and electrochemical optimization of conductive ZnO and Ni(OH)2 active semi-solid flowable electrodes is essential to achieve a high-energy and high-power Zn–Ni flow battery.

Graphical abstract: High-energy and high-power Zn–Ni flow batteries with semi-solid electrodes
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

The effect of gallium substitution on the structure and electrochemical performance of LiNiO2 in lithium-ion batteries

Ga-doped LiNiO2 is reinvestigated. Ga is suggested to occupy the Li site. Detailed structural and electrochemical characterization is provided.

Graphical abstract: The effect of gallium substitution on the structure and electrochemical performance of LiNiO2 in lithium-ion batteries
Paper

A novel method for screening deep eutectic solvent to recycle the cathode of Li-ion batteries

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs), as a green alternative technology, exhibit great potential to recycle valuable elements from spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs).

Graphical abstract: A novel method for screening deep eutectic solvent to recycle the cathode of Li-ion batteries
Open Access Paper

Solvometallurgical recovery of cobalt from lithium-ion battery cathode materials using deep-eutectic solvents

Solvometallurgical recovery of cobalt from lithium cobalt oxide by using a choline chloride–citric acid deep eutectic solvent (DES) in presence of aluminium and copper current collectors.

Graphical abstract: Solvometallurgical recovery of cobalt from lithium-ion battery cathode materials using deep-eutectic solvents
Paper

Low-cost green synthesis of zinc sponge for rechargeable, sustainable batteries

We show that zinc (Zn) batteries are the lowest cost and most energy dense of rechargeable batteries that rely on abundant, low-risk elements. We advance Zn batteries with a green synthesis that lowers the cost and boosts the performance of rechargeable Zn electrodes.

Graphical abstract: Low-cost green synthesis of zinc sponge for rechargeable, sustainable batteries
Paper

Highly stable Zn metal anodes enabled by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 coating for aqueous zinc-ion batteries

Nanoscale Al2O3 coating by an atomic layer deposition technique enabled safe and dendrite-free Zn anodes for rechargeable aqueous zinc-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Highly stable Zn metal anodes enabled by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 coating for aqueous zinc-ion batteries
Paper

Nanostructured potassium–organic framework as an effective anode for potassium-ion batteries with a long cycle life

Novel nanostructured non-redox-metal potassium metal–organic framework, [C7H3KNO4]n, as an effective organic anode for long-cycle life OPIBs.

Graphical abstract: Nanostructured potassium–organic framework as an effective anode for potassium-ion batteries with a long cycle life
Paper

Hierarchical Co3O4 nanorods anchored on nitrogen doped reduced graphene oxide: a highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for rechargeable Zn–air batteries

The electrocatalytic activity of the N-rGO/Co3O4 nanocomposites was tuned towards highly efficient bifunctional air-cathodes for Zn–Air batteries.

Graphical abstract: Hierarchical Co3O4 nanorods anchored on nitrogen doped reduced graphene oxide: a highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst for rechargeable Zn–air batteries
Paper

High-performance room-temperature sodium–sulfur battery enabled by electrocatalytic sodium polysulfides full conversion

Developing novel gold nanoclusters as an electrocatalyst can facilitate a completely reversible reaction between S and Na, achieving advanced high-energy-density room-temperature sodium–sulfur batteries.

Graphical abstract: High-performance room-temperature sodium–sulfur battery enabled by electrocatalytic sodium polysulfides full conversion
Paper

A dual-salt coupled fluoroethylene carbonate succinonitrile-based electrolyte enables Li-metal batteries

We report a novel succinonitrile (SN)-based electrolyte SN–DLi–FEC (SN–LiTFSI–LiODFB–FEC), which shows excellent compatibility with the Li-metal anode.

Graphical abstract: A dual-salt coupled fluoroethylene carbonate succinonitrile-based electrolyte enables Li-metal batteries
Research Article

Boosting the ionic conductivity of PEO electrolytes by waste eggshell-derived fillers for high-performance solid lithium/sodium batteries

Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based polymer electrolytes are extensively investigated, and they have rapidly developed in all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) over recent years for their good interface contact with electrodes, easy shaping and decent flexibility.

Graphical abstract: Boosting the ionic conductivity of PEO electrolytes by waste eggshell-derived fillers for high-performance solid lithium/sodium batteries
Research Article

Cu2Nb34O87 nanowires as a superior lithium storage host in advanced rechargeable batteries

Cu2Nb34O78 nanowires present a high charge capacity of 279.8 mA h g−1 with a Coulombic efficiency of 89.6% based on Nb5+/Nb4+, Nb4+/Nb3+ and Cu2+/Cu+ redox couples.

Graphical abstract: Cu2Nb34O87 nanowires as a superior lithium storage host in advanced rechargeable batteries
Research Article

NH4V3O8·0.5H2O nanobelts with intercalated water molecules as a high performance zinc ion battery cathode

NH4V3O8·0.5H2O nanobelts are synthesized by a low-temperature hydrothermal process, and exhibit high electrochemical performance in ARZIBs.

Graphical abstract: NH4V3O8·0.5H2O nanobelts with intercalated water molecules as a high performance zinc ion battery cathode
50 items

About this collection

This collection showcases recent battery focused research published by Royal Society of Chemistry journals.

Batteries are ubiquitous in our everyday lives and have become a critical enabling technology for modern electronics and clean energy utilization. As technological progress advances, the challenges for next-generation batteries have never been more significant including: better performance, lower cost, use of less limited resources, sound concepts for recycling, and production with a lower environmental footprint. These challenges cannot be tackled solely by conventional material science & engineering but will also need to capitalize on digitalization and circular material design.

In support of the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on 31 October – 12 November 2021, the RSC are hosting a series of online events on chemical science’s key role in tackling sustainability, exploring challenges, opportunities and inspirational stories from across our global chemical science community. Find out more about the batteries and energy storage focused events at https://www.rsc.org/new-perspectives/sustainability/cop26/#batteries.

In support of our “Battery science and technology: going digital and going green” symposium, chaired by Professor Volker Presser and featuring a panel who discuss the perspectives, challenges, and opportunities for next-generation battery research and the ramifications for battery production, this collection highlights some of the exemplary recently published research contributing to our progress in battery science and technologies.

We hope you enjoy the collection and welcome you to submit your own battery research to our journals.


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