Themed collection Crystal Growth
Spin crossover crystalline materials engineered via single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformations
This highlight illustrates the latest crystalline materials engineered via SCSC transformations, with emphasis on the onset and progress of spin crossover in a crystal control.
Progress in controlling the synthesis of atomically precise silver nanoclusters
This short review was designed to summarize the advances in synthesis methods of silver nanoclusters.
Epitaxial nanotwinned metals and alloys: synthesis-twin structure–property relations
Recent works of epitaxial nanotwinned metals and alloys with different stacking fault energies are reviewed to elaborate the relationship among synthesis conditions, intrinsic factors, twin structure and various properties.
Sublimation – a green route to new solid-state forms
Sublimation is an effective and ‘green’ method to prepare and identify new polymorphs, cocrystals, ionic cocrystals and molecular salts.
Electrochemically induced nucleation of oxidic crystals in melts – a review
Electrochemically induced nucleation refers to a method where an applied potential triggers an electrochemical reaction which changes the conditions in the melt so that nucleation can occur where it was previously not significantly possible.
Review on quasi-2D square planar nickelates
Quasi-2D square planar nickelates exhibit key ingredients of high-Tc superconducting cuprates. Whether bulk samples are superconducting remains an open question, single crystals are ideal platforms for addressing such fundamental questions.
Micro-pulling-down growth of long YAG- and LuAG-based garnet fibres: advances and bottlenecks
A technological advance in shaped μ-PD crystal growth provided us with high-quality single crystalline fibres of rare-earth garnets with the good longitudinal transparency and light attenuation length of up to 1 m.
Dynamic force spectroscopy for quantifying single-molecule organo–mineral interactions
Organo–mineral interactions have long been the focus in the fields of biomineralization and geomineralization, since such interactions not only modulate the dynamics of crystal nucleation and growth but may also change crystal phases, morphologies, and structures.
Spectral characteristics of a Nd3+/Yb3+:YPO4 single crystal with strong multi-wavelength emission
We report the growth and spectral characteristics of the 0.32 at%Nd3+/1.2 at%Yb3+:YPO4 crystal.
Graphene-induced growth of Co3O4 nanoplates with modulable oxygen vacancies for improved OER properties
Graphene-induced growth of Co(OH)2 nanoplates from Co3O4 nanospheres was reported, showing an ultralow overpotential of 240 mV at 10 mA cm−2 and a Tafel slope of 107.8 mV dec−1.
Supporting ultrathin “fish scale-like” BiOBr nanosheets on Bi6Mo2O15 sub-microwires for boosting photocatalytic performance
A BiOBr/Bi6Mo2O15 edge-on heterostructure with fast electron transport could improve interface conductivity and accelerate charge-separation efficiency.
Investigation of various fatty acid surfactants on the microstructure of flexible hydroxyapatite nanofibers
The synthesis of hydroxyapatite nanofibers using various fatty acids and their influences on HA crystal characteristics were systematically explored.
In situ reconstruction of ZIF-8 loaded on fibrous supports
The fibre-supported ZIF-8 can undergo a full degradation–recrystallization cycle in a vapor phase with partial recovery of its porosity.
The synthesis and formation mechanism of nonpolar InN nanoplates
High-crystal-quality nonpolar indium nitride (InN) nanoplates were synthesized via deploying controllable chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technology using the M-plane of GaN nanowires (NWs) as a template.
A plastically bendable and polar organic crystal
An organic crystal of the polar space group Pc that is capable of plastic bending is reported, and its high dielectric constant and strong second-order harmonic generation (SHG) effect have been demonstrated.
Vapor–liquid–solid growth of 4H-SiC single crystal films with extremely low carrier densities in chemical vapor deposition with a Pt–Si alloy flux and X-ray topography analysis of their dislocation propagation behaviors
The CVD–VLS process for 4H-SiC films with a Pt–Si alloy flux achieved their low carrier densities of ∼1015 cm−3, demonstrating a remarkable etch back effect and a possible conversion of TEDs and TSDs in the substrate to BPDs in the films.
Asymmetric metal–organic frameworks with double helices for enantioselective recognition
A pair of homochiral metal–organic frameworks are elaborated by employing flexible enantiopure ligands.
Synthesis of morphology-improved single-crystalline iron silicide nanowires with enhanced physical characteristics
Morphology-improved single-crystalline β-FeSi2 nanowires with enhanced physical characteristics were synthesized through a pre-deposition method.
Promoted crystallization of silicoaluminophosphate zeolites: an efficient way to accelerate crystallization rate and increase solid yield
SAPO-34 with 100% yield has been synthesized by an acid-assisted method, which is also applicable to the synthesis of other silicoaluminophosphate zeolites.
Competing hydrogen-bonding interactions in a high-Tc organic molecular-ionic crystal with evident nonlinear optical response
An organic molecular-ionic crystal of (TPPO–H)2SO4 exhibits moderate NLO response which is twice that of KDP and competing hydrogen-bonding interactions triggered high-Tc phase transition.
A temperature-reduced method for the rapid growth of hybrid perovskite single crystals with primary alcohols
In this work, we present the simple and temperature-reduced reactive inverse temperature crystallisation (RITC) method to rapidly grow high-quality organic lead trihalide perovskite single crystals.
Growth mechanism of helical γ-Dy2S3 single crystals
The nonequilibrium evaporation of a high-temperature SnS + Dy2S3 solution leads to the implementation of a VLS-like mechanism of growth of γ-Dy2S3 helical single crystals.
Solvent-assisted synthesis of dendritic cerium hexacyanocobaltate and derived porous dendritic Co3O4/CeO2 as supercapacitor electrode materials
Here, we report a solvent-mediated synthetic route for preparing cerium hexacyanocobaltate with a dendritic shape. The porous dendritic Co3O4/CeO2 was prepared after annealing at 500 °C, served as a supercapacitor electrode.
Adjacent N→O and C–NH2 groups — a highly efficient amphoteric structure for energetic materials resulting from tautomerization proved by crystal engineering
Adjacent N→O and C–NH2 groups (O←NC–NH2) were found to be a highly efficient and fairly balanced amphoteric energetic structure for energetic materials by crystal engineering.
A high-Tc organic-ionic phase transition crystal obtained from a trivalent cation
The organic-ionic crystal of [1,4,7-triazacyclononammonium] Cl3, containing a trivalent cation, shows a high-temperature phase transition coupled with dielectric switching.
AB11O16(OH)2 (A = K and Cs): interpenetrating 2D layers with large birefringence
By a cation substitution strategy, two new hydroxyborates AB11O16(OH)2 (A = K and Cs) were synthesized, and KB11O16(OH)2 exhibits a short DUV cutoff edge (195 nm) and a large birefringence.
Supercritical hydrothermal synthesis of UO2+x: stoichiometry, crystal shape and size, and homogeneity observed using 23Na-NMR spectroscopy of (U, Na)O2+x
The hydrothermal synthesis of pure uranium dioxide under supercritical water (SCW) conditions was investigated using a starting material composed of a uranyl(VI) nitrate solution at 450 °C.
The crystallization morphology and process of stereocomplex crystallites of polylactide under CO2: the effect of H-bonding and chain diffusion
The crystallization of PLA SC under CO2 was in situ investigated for the first time.
Pair of chiral molecular ladders and successive hydration in single-crystal-to-single-crystal mode
Self-assembly of Zn(NO3)2 with a pair of new tridentate chiral Ls produced a pair of chiral ladder-type 1D coordination polymers, where crystals were transformed into different hydrated products of zigzag 1Ds depending on chirality in the SCSC mode.
New insight into the inductive effect of various seeds on the template-free synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite
This work enables us to obtain an improved understanding of the role of seeds in the template-free synthesis of zeolite.
Exploration of structural transition phenomenon in flexible metal–organic framework formed on polymer substrate
We investigate the structural transition of directly formed flexible MOF crystals on a polymer substrate.
High-temperature inverted annealing for efficient perovskite photovoltaics
High-quality perovskite films with large grains and reduced surface defects were obtained via an inverted annealing process. Corresponding photovoltaic devices achieved a highest efficiency of 20.4% with a stabilized power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 19.8%.
Effect of the growth pulling direction on 3D anisotropic stress during different stages of semitransparent Li2MoO4 growth
The three dimensional thermal stress field was calculated for different growth stages of a Li2MoO4 (LMO) crystal grown in an inductively heated Czochralski furnace using the anisotropy and temperature-dependent mechanical properties.
Opposite effects of cations in enhancing and suppressing nucleation in the pathological crystallization of gout
“Opposite effects” were shown by cations, enhancing nucleation followed by suppressing nucleation at physiological pH and ionic strength.
Nucleation behaviour of racemic and enantiopure histidine
Small non-centrosymmetric domains are observed in the racemic crystal, due to the low nucleation activation energy of the conglomerate.
Polycyclic motif engineering in cyanostilbene-based donors towards highly efficient modulable emission properties in two-component systems
Cynostilbene based two-component materials are fabricated which exhibit tunable structures and excellent photophysical properties depending on the IP of the polycyclic moiety and organization of the donor-acceptor in the condensed phase.
Crystallization of paracetamol from mixtures of ethanol and water in a planar oscillatory flow crystallizer: effect of the oscillation conditions on the crystal growth kinetics
Crystal growth kinetic data is reported for a planar oscillatory flow crystallizer.
Sequential variation of super periodic structures emerged in Bi-layered perovskite pillar-matrix epitaxial nanocomposite films with spinel ferrites
The phase stability of Aurivillius bismuth-layer structured Bi5Ti3FeO15 (BTFO15) has been investigated in an epitaxial pillar-matrix nanocomposite system with spinel ferrites.
Formation of double-cone-shaped ZnO mesocrystals by addition of ethylene glycol to ZnO dissolved choline chloride–urea deep eutectic solvents and observation of their manners of growth
ZnO mesocrystals were grown in ZnO dissolved CU-DESs with addition of ethylene glycol. Their manner of growth was observed and discussed.
Investigation of the blue color center in β-Ga2O3 crystals by the EFG method
This work investigated the blue color center in β-Ga2O3 crystals grown by the EFG and obtained an effective method to eliminate it.
Reactive molten-flux assisted syntheses of single crystals of Cs19Ln19Mn10Te48 (Ln = Pr and Gd) crystallizing in a new structure type
Two new complex layered quaternary tellurides, Cs19Ln19Mn10Te48 (Ln = Pr and Gd), were synthesized by the reactive molten flux method. The title compounds represent an unprecedented structure type.
Protein crystallisation facilitated by silica particles to compensate for the adverse impact from protein impurities
Nanonucleants for protein crystallisation in the presence of impurities.
Protein crystallisation with air bubble templates: case of gas–liquid–solid interfaces
Crystal formation on air bubble–liquid interface, as soft template to efficiently prompt nucleation of proteins.
Synthesis, structural characterization, and luminescence properties of heteroleptic bismuth-organic compounds
The synthesis and photoluminescent properties of four bismuth-organic compounds, their lanthanide doped analogs, and an isostructural europium complex are reported.
Taming CL-20 through hydrogen bond interaction with nitromethane
A novel cocrystal explosive of CL-20/nitromethane in a 1 : 2 molar.
Two Zr-based heterometal–organic frameworks for efficient CO2 reduction under visible light
Two novel zirconium-based heterometal–organic framework catalysts can effectively improve photocatalytic activities for CO2 photoreduction under visible light.
Photoluminescence study of N-rich B-doped diamonds grown in NiMnCo solvent before and after annealing
Incorporation of boron substantially decreases the luminescence of centers (NV−, Ni–N, and Co–N) in nitrogen-rich boron-doped diamonds before and after HPHT annealing.
Growth, spectral and laser properties of a Yb-doped strontium yttrium phosphate crystal with a disordered structure
A novel disordered crystal Yb:YSr3(PO4)3 is grown by the Czochralski method. Results indicate that it can be a promising candidate for ultrashort pulse generation and tunable broadband solid-state lasers.
Multilevel strategies for the composition and formation of DAAF/HNIW composite crystals
Insensitive energetic materials are still a great challenge for potential applications.
Competition between diamond nucleation and growth under bias voltage by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition
A competition between diamond nucleation and growth is proposed in which the surface and bulk nucleation coexist and compete.
Green solvent assisted preparation of one-dimensional CsPbBr3 nanocrystals with a controllable morphology for cyan-emitting applications
Upon tuning the polarity of antisolvent medium, the length of CsPbBr3 NCs realizing the conversion from nanorods to NWs. Furthermore, the width of the NWs can be adjusted feasibly via the overgrowth of CsPbBr3 NWs.
Suppressing barite crystallization with organophosphorus compounds
A naturally derived phosphorous-containing molecule, phytate, functions as a dual inhibitor of barium sulfate (barite) nucleation and growth, making it a potentially viable environmentally-friendly alternative to current barite scale treatments.
Reversed crystal growth of metal organic framework MIL-68(In)
A reversed crystal growth mechanism of MIL-68(In) is revealed. Nanorods of MIL-68 aggregate in parallel into microrods, followed by surface recrystallisation into a single crystal hexagonal shell and extension of crystallisation from surface to core.
Strong intermolecular interaction induced methylene-bridged asymmetric heterocyclic explosives
Methylene-bridged asymmetric heterocyclic explosives were designed and synthesized to attempt the possibility of realizing energetic materials with high-energy and adequate sensitivity.
Growth mechanism on graphene-regulated high-quality epitaxy of flexible AlN film
We report a novel diffusion–adsorption regulation growth method in the epitaxy of AlN on graphene for the high-quality and transferable large-size AlN film.
Involvement of various anions in tuning the structure of silver(I) coordination polymers based on a S-donor ligand: syntheses, crystal structure and uptake properties
Ag(I) coordination polymers based on a S-donor ligand containing of various anions were synthesized and characterized. Also, the absorption potential of the polymers was examined by the NH3 and H2S gases.
Temperature-dependent phase composition of fluorinated zinc phthalocyanine thin films and their sensing properties towards gaseous NO2
This work presents a temperature-dependent phase composition study of thin films (200 nm) of fluorinated zinc phthalocyanines (4F, 16F) and their chemiresistive response towards NO2 gas.
Crystal growth and properties characterization of Nd3+:Na5Lu(MoO4)4 for continuous multi-wavelength NIR laser emission
The Nd3+:Na5Lu(MoO4)4 crystal was grown in a 4Na2O–5MoO3 flux through the top-seeded solution growth technique, and achieved a continuous multi-wavelength NIR laser emission in the Nd3+:Na5Lu(MoO4)4 crystal for the first time.
Sisal-like Sn2+ doped ZnO hierarchical structures: synthesis, growth mechanism, and their application in photocatalysis
Sisal-like Sn doped ZnO hierarchical structures were prepared by the hydrothermal method without employing templates or matrices. The architectures show enhanced light absorption, high photocatalytic properties, good stability and reusability.
Fabrication of a 2 inch free standing porous GaN crystal film and application in the growth of relaxed crack-free thick GaN
This paper describes the fabrication of a 2 inch free standing porous GaN crystal film and the application in the growth of relaxed crack-free thick GaN.
Growth of a large-aperture mid-infrared nonlinear optical La3Nb0.5Ga5.5O14 crystal for optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification
A high optical quality 60 mm-diameter LGN crystal with wide transparency was grown by the Czochralski method. The origin of the wide transparency as for a traditional oxide crystal was investigated from the viewpoint of crystal symmetry.
Five new rubidium borates with 0D clusters, 1D chains, 2D layers and 3D frameworks
By tuning the synthetic conditions, borates with 0D clusters were transformed into a 1D chain, 2D layer and 3D framework.
Crystallization of paracetamol from aqueous solutions in a planar oscillatory flow crystallizer: effect of the oscillation conditions on the nucleation kinetics
Nucleation kinetic data is reported for a planar oscillatory flow crystallizer.
Simple and facile one-step synthesis of bowl-like hollow ZSM-5 zeolites
One-step synthesis of bowl-like hollow ZSM-5 zeolites via controlling the the hydrolysis temperature of TEOS.
Two pairs of chiral lanthanide–oxo clusters Ln14 induced by amino acid derivatives
Two pairs of chiral lanthanide–oxo clusters L-/D-Ln14 (Ln = Y/Dy) have been obtained under the action of anion template. The solid-state circular dichroism (CD) spectra of L-Y14/D-Y14 and L-Dy14/D-Dy14 displayed mirror symmetry effects.
Growth of MSe semiconductor nanowires on metal substrates through an Ag2Se-catalyzed solution–solid–solid mechanism (M = Zn, Cd and Mn)
Solution-phase growth of MSe nanowires on their respective metal foil or flakes (M = Zn, Cd and Mn) has been realized by a recently developed solution–solid–solid mechanism initiated by preexisting Ag2Se seeds.
Quality improvement mechanism of sputtered AlN films on sapphire substrates with high-miscut-angles along different directions
We studied the annealing mechanism of the films with high-miscut-angles at low cost and high efficiency and revealed the essence of annealing to improve the film quality lies in the annihilation of grain boundaries during the recrystallization.
New phase transition pattern of fivefold twins transformed into lamellar structure in Ti3Al alloy
A new phase transition pattern of fivefold twins into a lamellar structure leading to a second phase transition was found in Ti3Al alloy.
Metastable growth and infrared spectra of CuB2O4:Ni single crystals
The formation of CuB2O4:Ni crystals in fluxes based on Li2WO4–Bi2O3–WO3 has been studied. A distinctive feature of the used flux growing mode is the metastable nature of nucleation. IR reflection and transmission spectra are presented.
Optimized growth and anisotropic properties of Li2ZrTeO6 nonlinear optical crystals
Centimeter-sized and high-quality Li2ZrTeO6 crystals were grown by a modified top-seed solution growth method. The excellent thermal properties indicate that Li2ZrTeO6 is an excellent candidate suitable for high-power nonlinear optical applications.
About this collection
The latest research on Crystal Growth published in CrystEngComm.