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Themed collection How can chemistry adapt to a low carbon future

21 items
Open Access Perspective

The hydrogen evolution reaction: from material to interfacial descriptors

This perspective provides a new look into how electrolyte structure at the interface controls the kinetics of water reduction.

Graphical abstract: The hydrogen evolution reaction: from material to interfacial descriptors
From the themed collection: Most popular 2019-2020 review articles
Open Access Perspective

Regulating C–C coupling in thermocatalytic and electrocatalytic COx conversion based on surface science

This article outlines the recent advances in catalyst design for controlling C–C coupling in syngas conversion, CO2 hydrogenation and CO2 electroreduction from the viewpoint of surface science.

Graphical abstract: Regulating C–C coupling in thermocatalytic and electrocatalytic COx conversion based on surface science
From the themed collection: Most popular 2018-2019 catalysis articles
Open Access Perspective

Toward ideal carbon dioxide functionalization

From carbon fixation, Grignard reaction, metal-catalyzed reactions and asymmetric CO2-incorporation, what would be the ideal CO2-functionalization?

Graphical abstract: Toward ideal carbon dioxide functionalization
Open Access Perspective

Expanding the biomass derived chemical space

The derivatization and covalent modification of biomass derived platform chemicals expand the biomass derived chemical spaces allowing for the preparation of new bioactive molecules and materials.

Graphical abstract: Expanding the biomass derived chemical space
Open Access Minireview

Bio-based building blocks from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural via 1-hydroxyhexane-2,5-dione as intermediate

1-Hydroxy-2,5-hexanedione, obtained in good yield from renewable 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, is a versatile building block for a variety of new compounds.

Graphical abstract: Bio-based building blocks from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural via 1-hydroxyhexane-2,5-dione as intermediate
Open Access Minireview

Mechanisms of catalytic reduction of CO2 with heme and nonheme metal complexes

This critical review discusses the thermal and photocatalytic mechanisms of one-, two-, four-, six- and eight-electron reduction of CO2 with metal complex catalysts.

Graphical abstract: Mechanisms of catalytic reduction of CO2 with heme and nonheme metal complexes
From the themed collection: Most popular 2018-2019 review articles
Open Access Minireview

Inedible saccharides: a platform for CO2 capturing

Renewable materials, viz. cellulose, chitin, chitosan and cyclodextrins are promising alternatives to petroleum-based feedstocks for CO2 sequestration.

Graphical abstract: Inedible saccharides: a platform for CO2 capturing
Open Access Edge Article

Selective cleavage of lignin and lignin model compounds without external hydrogen, catalyzed by heterogeneous nickel catalysts

This work reports an economical and environmentally friendly, external hydrogen-free method for the selective cleavage of lignin and lignin model compounds into value-added chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Selective cleavage of lignin and lignin model compounds without external hydrogen, catalyzed by heterogeneous nickel catalysts
From the themed collection: Most popular 2019-2020 catalysis articles
Open Access Edge Article

Flux melting of metal–organic frameworks

We show flux melting by using a liquid MOF as a solvent for a secondary, non-melting MOF component.

Graphical abstract: Flux melting of metal–organic frameworks
Open Access Edge Article

CO2 capture by Mn(I) and Re(I) complexes with a deprotonated triethanolamine ligand

CO2 capture at low concentration by catalysts is potentially useful for developing photocatalytic and electrocatalytic CO2 reduction systems.

Graphical abstract: CO2 capture by Mn(i) and Re(i) complexes with a deprotonated triethanolamine ligand
Open Access Edge Article

Transforming atmospheric CO2 into alternative fuels: a metal-free approach under ambient conditions

The present work established the metal-free approach to capture CO2 from air and its reduction into alternative fuel under ambient conditions.

Graphical abstract: Transforming atmospheric CO2 into alternative fuels: a metal-free approach under ambient conditions
Open Access Edge Article

Bio-inspired design: bulk iron–nickel sulfide allows for efficient solvent-dependent CO2 reduction

The electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2RR) to valuable bulk chemicals is set to become a vital factor in the prevention of environmental pollution and the selective storage of sustainable energy.

Graphical abstract: Bio-inspired design: bulk iron–nickel sulfide allows for efficient solvent-dependent CO2 reduction
Open Access Edge Article

Hetero-metallic active sites coupled with strongly reductive polyoxometalate for selective photocatalytic CO2-to-CH4 conversion in water

Two reductive polyoxometalate (POM)-based heterogeneous photo-catalysts display highly selective CO2-to-CH4 conversion in water.

Graphical abstract: Hetero-metallic active sites coupled with strongly reductive polyoxometalate for selective photocatalytic CO2-to-CH4 conversion in water
Open Access Edge Article

The chemical identity, state and structure of catalytically active centers during the electrochemical CO2 reduction on porous Fe–nitrogen–carbon (Fe–N–C) materials

We report novel structure–activity relationships and explore the chemical state and structure of catalytically active sites under operando conditions during the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) catalyzed by a series of porous iron–nitrogen–carbon (FeNC) catalysts.

Graphical abstract: The chemical identity, state and structure of catalytically active centers during the electrochemical CO2 reduction on porous Fe–nitrogen–carbon (Fe–N–C) materials
From the themed collection: Most popular 2018-2019 catalysis articles
Open Access Edge Article

Solar H2 generation in water with a CuCrO2 photocathode modified with an organic dye and molecular Ni catalyst

H2 generation using a Ni catalyst on dye-sensitised CuCrO2 highlights the benefits of using delafossite semiconductors for solar fuel production.

Graphical abstract: Solar H2 generation in water with a CuCrO2 photocathode modified with an organic dye and molecular Ni catalyst
Open Access Edge Article

Overcoming double-step CO2 adsorption and minimizing water co-adsorption in bulky diamine-appended variants of Mg2(dobpdc)

Judicious choice of framework structure allows for single CO2 adsorption steps with bulky primary,secondary diamines appended to metal–organic frameworks.

Graphical abstract: Overcoming double-step CO2 adsorption and minimizing water co-adsorption in bulky diamine-appended variants of Mg2(dobpdc)
Open Access Edge Article

Alkene hydrogenation activity of enoate reductases for an environmentally benign biosynthesis of adipic acid

We demonstrate the first enzymatic hydrogenation of 2-hexenedioic acid and muconic acid to adipic acid using enoate reductases (ERs).

Graphical abstract: Alkene hydrogenation activity of enoate reductases for an environmentally benign biosynthesis of adipic acid
Open Access Edge Article

Putting an ultrahigh concentration of amine groups into a metal–organic framework for CO2 capture at low pressures

Hydrazine can be grafted in CPO-27-Mg/MOF-74-Mg to provide an ultrahigh concentration of amine groups on the pore surface, giving an exceptionally high CO2 capture performance, especially at extremely low pressures.

Graphical abstract: Putting an ultrahigh concentration of amine groups into a metal–organic framework for CO2 capture at low pressures
Open Access Edge Article

Coupling fullerene into porous aromatic frameworks for gas selective sorption

Fullerene molecules were connected to form fullerene-based PAFs. The porous structure could adsorb H2 and exhibit some selectivity of CO2.

Graphical abstract: Coupling fullerene into porous aromatic frameworks for gas selective sorption
Open Access Edge Article

Hydrolysis of woody biomass by a biomass-derived reusable heterogeneous catalyst

A carbon catalyst prepared by air oxidation of woody biomass hydrolyses woody biomass, and the reaction residue is transformed back to the catalyst by the same air oxidation method.

Graphical abstract: Hydrolysis of woody biomass by a biomass-derived reusable heterogeneous catalyst
Open Access Edge Article

Turning it off! Disfavouring hydrogen evolution to enhance selectivity for CO production during homogeneous CO2 reduction by cobalt–terpyridine complexes

Understanding the activity and selectivity of molecular catalysts for CO2 reduction to fuels is an important scientific endeavour in addressing the growing global energy demand.

Graphical abstract: Turning it off! Disfavouring hydrogen evolution to enhance selectivity for CO production during homogeneous CO2 reduction by cobalt–terpyridine complexes
21 items

About this collection

This collection of articles highlights research published in Chemical Science, attempting to address the global challenge of a low carbon future, where fossil-fuel use is reduced or eliminated and carbon dioxide emissions are minimised. The collection covers a range of different approaches including fundamental research into carbon capture, renewable energy sources, biofuels as alternative carbon sources, and catalytic processes for carbon dioxide reduction amongst others. This original research is also supplemented by a number of Minireviews and Perspectives which aim to demonstrate the variety of ways that scientists from around the world are choosing to tackle this issue using ideas and tools from across the chemical sciences.

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