Themed collection Recent Review Articles
DNA nanotechnology-empowered finite state machines
DNA-based finite state machines enable the development of smart nanodevices that can process temporally ordered information in living systems.
Leveraging the advancements in functional biomaterials and scaffold fabrication technologies for chronic wound healing applications
The graphic displays various biomaterial design functionalities along with the developed fabrication technologies to enhance the wound healing process in patients with chronic wounds.
Integrated therapy platform of exosomal system: hybrid inorganic/organic nanoparticles with exosomes for cancer treatment
Hybrid inorganic/organic nanoparticles with exosomes can be applied as a novel platform for drug delivery systems. This biomimetic nanoplatform combines the functions of natural biomaterials to efficiently carry drugs to the center of cancer cells.
Criteria for evaluating lithium–air batteries in academia to correctly predict their practical performance in industry
The criteria for evaluating lithium–air batteries in laboratory-based experiments are proposed for accurately predicting the performance of practical cells in industry.
Conquering residual light absorption in the transmissive states of organic electrochromic materials
Using a feedback loop between computational modeling probing electronic transitions and experimental work, the colors, transmissivity, and redox switching properties of a family of anodically coloring electrochromic molecules are reviewed.
Organic building blocks at inorganic nanomaterial interfaces
Inorganic–organic interfaces: a tutorial on using organic functional groups to enhance the performances and/or enable new functionality of inorganic nanomaterials.
Engineering of flat bands and Dirac bands in two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (COFs): relationships among molecular orbital symmetry, lattice symmetry, and electronic-structure characteristics
An effective framework for the band engineering in 2D covalent organic frameworks is revealed by describing the fundamental relationships among the electronic structures, the lattice symmetries, and the frontier molecular orbitals of building units.
Scattering techniques for mixed donor–acceptor characterization in organic photovoltaics
The effects of mixing in organic photovoltaics are unclear partly due to challenges in characterization. X-Ray and neutron scattering techniques have been successful in quantifying mixing but meet new challenges with emerging non-fullerene systems.
Plasmons: untangling the classical, experimental, and quantum mechanical definitions
Plasmons have been widely studied over the past several decades because of their ability to strongly absorb light and localize its electric field on the nanoscale, leading to applications in spectroscopy, biosensing, and solar energy storage.
Electronic properties of metal halide perovskites and their interfaces: the basics
Metal halide perovskites exhibit complex electronic properties. The presently identified fundamental concepts and phenomena governing the electronic behavior of this material class are addressed in this article.
Engineered Extracellular Vesicles as Intelligent Nanosystem for Next-Generation of Nanomedicine
Applications of biomemristors in the next generation wearable electronics
Microneedles-based technology for cell therapy: current status and future directions
Three interfaces of the dental implant system and their clinical effects on hard and soft tissues
Comprehension of bone–implant, gingiva–abutment and implant–abutment interfaces is necessary in material development. Mechanical complications of the implant–abutment interface provoke biologic complications of the other two interfaces.
Boosting sluggish photocatalytic hydrogen evolution through piezo-stimulated polarization: a critical review
Effective exciton separation and transfer dynamics by the synergistic effect of photon and mechano-acoustic energy, termed as piezo-photocatalysis, wherein water molecules are split to produce hydrogen, is an emerging technology for sustainable fuels.
Environment tolerant, adaptable and stretchable organohydrogels: preparation, optimization, and applications
Organohydrogels are attractive for constructing various flexible devices with good environmental tolerance and smart materials. Their significant developments in preparation, performance optimization and application are systematically reviewed.
Printable Inks and Deformable Electronic Array Devices
Novel charm of 2D materials engineering in memristor: when electronics encounter layered morphology
The most recent significant concerns of 2D materials for the synthesis, yield, and mechanism behind device-to-device variability, reliability, and durability benchmarking under memristor characteristics have been discussed.
Electrodes and electrocatalysts for electrochemical hydrogen peroxide sensors: a review of design strategies
A summary of the design strategies of electrodes and electrocatalysts for ultrasensitive electrochemical H2O2 sensors with the nanomolar detection limits required in disease diagnosis and to avoid harmful exposure.
Practical considerations in the design and use of porous liquids
The possibility of creating well-controlled empty space within liquids is conceptually intriguing, and from an application perspective, full of potential.
Expanding the toolbox of photon upconversion for emerging frontier applications
This review summarizes the recent progress on lanthanide-based upconversion materials, focusing on the emerging approaches to the smart control of upconversion, and their frontier applications.
Tumor-targeted nano-delivery system of therapeutic RNA
An overview of the cellular fate of different RNAs, RNA-delivered drugs that have entered clinical trials, and a classification of nano-drugs in development.
Designer DNA biomolecules as a defined biomaterial for 3D bioprinting applications
DNA can be rationally designed, synthesized, and modified/functionalized to enable pH, light, or ion-responsive self-assembling mechanism. These DNA bioinks can be used for the bioprinting of biological constructs by utilizing specific triggers.
Permanently polarized hydroxyapatite, an outstanding catalytic material for carbon and nitrogen fixation
Permanently polarized hydroxyapatite is a new material with electrical enhanced properties. This review discusses the advances in this material in terms of structure, properties and catalytic activity of green processes.
Challenges of layer-structured cathodes for sodium-ion batteries
Recent challenges of layer-structured cathodes for sodium-ion batteries and their corresponding structural and compositional modification strategies have been comprehensively studied in this review aiming at high-performance battery technology.
Contributions of supercritical fluid technology for advancing decellularization and postprocessing of viable biological materials
This review summarizes relevant literature on scCO2-assisted decellularization, and discusses major topics dominating the field, such as mechanism of action, effect of cosolvent and operational parameters, and range of results across different works.
Hipster microcarriers: exploring geometrical and topographical cues of non-spherical microcarriers in biomedical applications
Microcarriers presenting biophysical cues regulate cell fate via cell–substrate interactions and activation of mechanotransduction pathways.
Vesicle-based artificial cells: materials, construction methods and applications
The construction of artificial cells using a giant vesicle model helps to explore and mimic complex biological processes and cell functions of natural cell systems. Various materials and fabrication processes for giant vesicles are reviewed here.
Understanding, quantifying, and controlling the molecular ordering of semiconducting polymers: from novices to experts and amorphous to perfect crystals
Molecular packing of semiconducting polymers is often critical to the performance of devices using these materials. The degree and quality of ordering are revealed by grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering and thermal analysis.
Challenges and prospects in the selective photoreduction of CO2 to C1 and C2 products with nanostructured materials: a review
This review summarizes the achievements in the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to C1 and C2 fuels over various nanostructured photocatalysts.
Continuous-flow syntheses of alloy nanoparticles
This review summarizes the continuous-flow syntheses of alloy nanoparticles. The details of flow reactors and their chemistry to synthesize core–shell, segregated, solid-solution types of alloy NPs, and high-entropy alloy NPs are introduced.
Recent advances of metal telluride anodes for high-performance lithium/sodium–ion batteries
Recent advances of metal telluride anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), which is important electrochemical energy storage technologies with high energy density and environmental benignity.
Two-dimensional magnetic atomic crystals
2D magnetic atomic crystals show many fascinating physical properties and have potential device applications in many fields. In this paper, the preparation, physical properties and device applications of 2D magnetic atomic crystals are reviewed.
Two-dimensional material-based functional aerogels for treating hazards in the environment: synthesis, functional tailoring, applications, and sustainability analysis
2D material-based functional aerogels with tailored structure and function exhibit high potential for treating hazards with high sustainability.
Applications of liquid metals in nanotechnology
This review presents the fascinating properties and emerging applications of liquid metals and alloys at the nanoscale.
Biology-guided engineering of bioelectrical interfaces
This review provides an overview and recent advances of how biological systems guide the design, engineering, and implementation of bioelectrical interfaces for biomedical applications in nervous, cardiac, and microbial systems.
Narrowband organic photodetectors – towards miniaturized, spectroscopic sensing
Organic photodetectors can achieve narrowband photodetection within a single optoelectronic device. This comprehensive review summarizes and compares the different approaches, introduces their application fields, and outlines current challenges.
Printing fabrication of large-area non-fullerene organic solar cells
This review summarizes the fabrication technology and recent progress of large-area organic solar cells based on non-fullerene electron acceptors.
Molecular bases for temperature sensitivity in supramolecular assemblies and their applications as thermoresponsive soft materials
This review summarizes the recent advances in thermoresponsive supramolecular assemblies and the molecular level factors and parameters that can be tuned to achieve optimal responses for a variety of applications.
Advances in materials and devices for mimicking sensory adaptation
This review summarizes the main concepts, recent developments, and several strategies for mimicking sensory adaptation; challenges and perspectives in this emerging field are also proposed.
Modulating the optical properties and functions of organic molecules through polymerization
This review summarizes recent progress in the occurrence, mechanism and application for some of the materials with optical properties that are significantly improved through polymerization.
Design strategies for improving the crystallinity of covalent organic frameworks and conjugated polymers: a review
This review summarizes the strategies for improving the crystallinity of covalent organic frameworks and conjugated polymers. The strategies include planarity modulation, fluorine substitution, side chain engineering, and so on.
Applications of triarylborane materials in cell imaging and sensing of bio-relevant molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins
This review highlights recently developed biological applications of triarylboranes in cell imaging and as sensors for DNA, RNA, proteins, and bio-relevant small molecules using 1- and 2-photon excited fluorescence, Raman, and SERS.