List of participants
Perspectives on the design of nanoparticle systems for catalysis
An overview of the Faraday Discussion, “Designing Nanoparticle Systems for Catalysis”, is presented.
Supported cluster catalysts synthesized to be small, simple, selective, and stable
Molecular metal complexes on supports have drawn wide attention as catalysts offering new properties and opportunities for precise synthesis to make uniform catalytic species that can be understood in depth.
Nanoengineering ABO3 active sites from low-energy routes (TX100-stabilised water-in-oil microemulsions, surface segregation and surface complexation on colloidal AlOOH/sol–gel Al2O3 surfaces) for pollution control catalysis
LaCoO3 nanoparticles are active in CO and propane oxidation when adsorbed on AlOOH.
Continuous synthesis of hollow silver–palladium nanoparticles for catalytic applications
Hollow bimetallic nanoparticles exhibit unique surface plasmonic properties, enhanced catalytic activities and high photo-thermal conversion efficiencies amongst other properties, however, their research and further deployment are currently limited by their complicated multi-step syntheses.
Effects of heat treatment atmosphere on the structure and activity of Pt3Sn nanoparticle electrocatalysts: a characterisation case study
In this work, a variation in heat treatment atmosphere approach is taken to provide a series of related PtSn catalysts with the same nominal composition of Pt3Sn, but with different surface compositions.
CO oxidation over supported gold nanoparticles as revealed by operando grazing incidence X-ray scattering analysis
Operando GISAXS/GIXD studies revealed that supported Au nanoparticles on a flat SiO2/Si(111) support undergo shape and phase transformations during CO oxidation.
One pot microwave synthesis of highly stable AuPd@Pd supported core–shell nanoparticles
A series of 1 wt% supported Au, Pd and AuPd nanoalloy catalysts were prepared via microwave assisted reduction of PdCl2 and HAuCl4 in a facile, one pot process.
Supported metal nanoparticles with tailored catalytic properties through sol-immobilisation: applications for the hydrogenation of nitrophenols
Nanoparticle property control, and excellent catalytic capabilities, has been demonstrated using Pd/TiO2 prepared by sol-immobilisation with solvent and temperature control.
Advancing semiconductor–electrocatalyst systems: application of surface transformation films and nanosphere lithography
We demonstrate that shadow nanosphere lithography (SNL) is an auspicious tool to systematically create three-dimensional electrocatalyst nanostructures on the semiconductor photoelectrode through controlling their morphology and optical properties.
Gold as a modifier of metal nanoparticles: effect on structure and catalysis
Bimetallic gold based catalysts have been prepared using a sol immobilisation technique. Depending on the second metal different structure have been obtained.
Stability and mobility of supported Nin (n = 1–10) clusters on ZrO2(111) and YSZ(111) surfaces: a density functional theory study
We have used spin polarized density functional theory (DFT) to evaluate the geometrical resilience of Ni clusters on ZrO2(111) and YSZ(111).
Structural behaviour of copper chloride catalysts during the chlorination of CO to phosgene
An attapulgite-supported Cu(II)Cl2 catalyst has been studied with XANES and DFT approaches to follow the chlorination reaction of CO to phosgene.
The deposition of metal nanoparticles on carbon surfaces: the role of specific functional groups
The influence of hydroxyl and carbonyl groups on the deposition of gold from solution onto graphite surfaces was explored: OH gives Au0 whereas CO results in Au3+.
The electronic properties of Au clusters on CeO2 (110) surface with and without O-defects
We use density functional theory with Hubbard corrections (DFT+U) to understand the local electronic properties of Au adatom and Au2 dimer adsorption on the CeO2 (110) surface with and without O-defects.
In situ formation of the active sites in Pd–Au bimetallic nanocatalysts for CO oxidation: NAP (near ambient pressure) XPS and MS study
Transformation of the surface structure of HOPG-supported bimetallic Pd–Au particles in the course of CO oxidation has been demonstrated using NAP XPS and MS techniques.
CO adsorption and oxygen activation on group 11 nanoparticles – a combined DFT and high level CCSD(T) study about size effects and activation processes
The focus of this study lies in the activation of molecular oxygen and reaction with CO within density functional theory (DFT) and high level CCSD(T) calculations.
Operando study of palladium nanoparticles inside UiO-67 MOF for catalytic hydrogenation of hydrocarbons
Formation of Pd nanoparticles inside UiO-67 MOF was monitored by in situ X-ray absorption and diffraction.
Modelling free and oxide-supported nanoalloy catalysts: comparison of bulk-immiscible Pd–Ir and Au–Rh systems and influence of a TiO2 support
DFT calculations on free and TiO2-supported Pd–Ir and Au–Rh nanoalloys reveal that Janus and core–shell configurations compete on oxide supports.
Correlating structural dynamics and catalytic activity of AgAu nanoparticles with ultrafast spectroscopy and all-atom molecular dynamics simulations
Electron–phonon coupling times, equilibrium structures and surface segregation as a function of hollow core–shell AgAu nanoparticle composition.
The challenge of catalyst prediction
New insights and successful use of computational catalysis is highlighted.
Time-resolved operando studies of carbon supported Pd nanoparticles under hydrogenation reactions by X-ray diffraction and absorption
We present a comprehensive study of a 5 wt% Pd/C catalyst in various environments by using in situ and operando X-ray absorption and diffraction.
Step edge structures on the anatase TiO2 (001) surface studied by atomic-resolution TEM and STM
Atomic arrangements in oxide surfaces can be uncovered by combining side view imaging using transmission electron microscopy and top view imaging using scanning tunnelling microscopy.
Looking for the active hydrogen species in a 5 wt% Pt/C catalyst: a challenge for inelastic neutron scattering
We looked at the active hydrogen species in a highly dispersed and very homogeneous 5 wt% Pt/C industrial catalyst (Pt particle mean diameter of 2.0 ± 0.5 nm) for hydrogenation reactions, by coupling H2 adsorption measurements with Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS).
DFT calculation of oxygen adsorption on platinum nanoparticles: coverage and size effects
DFT calculations are used to simultaneously explore the effects of nanoparticle size and coverage for O adsorption on Pt nanoparticles.
Insights into structure and dynamics of (Mn,Fe)Ox-promoted Rh nanoparticles
The mutual interaction between Rh nanoparticles and manganese/iron oxide promoters in silica-supported Rh catalysts for the hydrogenation of CO to higher alcohols was analyzed by applying a combination of spectroscopy and microscopy.
Model systems in heterogeneous catalysis: towards the design and understanding of structure and electronic properties
We discuss in this paper two case studies related to nano-particle catalyst systems: one concerns a model system for the Cr/SiO2 Phillips catalyst for ethylene polymerization and the other provides additional information on Au nano-particles supported on ultrathin MgO(100)/Ag(100) films.
The challenges of characterising nanoparticulate catalysts: general discussion
Theory as a driving force to understand reactions on nanoparticles: general discussion
Control of catalytic nanoparticle synthesis: general discussion
Application of new nanoparticle structures as catalysts: general discussion
About this collection
We are delighted to share with you a selection of the papers presented at our Faraday Discussion on Designing Nanoparticle Synthesis for Catalysis which took place in London, UK in May 2018. The final versions of all the articles presented and record of the live discussions are now available in the published Faraday Discussions volume 208.
Heterogeneous catalysis is a core area of contemporary physical chemistry posing major fundamental and conceptual challenges, and nanoparticles are pivotal components of many successful heterogeneous catalysts. For example, commercial Fischer–Tropsch catalysts require supported cobalt nanoparticles that are 6 nm in diameter for optimal performance. Nanoparticles are ubiquitous in many heterogeneous catalysts and this Faraday Discussion has explored the modern methods being used to design, synthesise and characterize nanoparticles, and how these bridge across the disciplines of physical science and chemical engineering. The core aim of the discussion was to develop a fundamental understanding of these crucial aspects of catalytic science, especially relating to nanoparticle synthesis and its use in catalytic reactions, knowledge of which is essential for the design of new catalysts.
Want to get a flavour of the meeting? Read the conference report here.