Themed collection Nanoscale 2023 Emerging Investigators
Reconfigurable scaffolds for adaptive tissue regeneration
A minireview of reconfigurable scaffolds for adaptive tissue regeneration.
Recent developments in lead-free bismuth-based halide perovskite nanomaterials for heterogeneous photocatalysis under visible light
This mini-review presents a brief overview of recent progress in bismuth-based halide perovskite (BHP) nanomaterials for heterogeneous photocatalysis under visible light, including the synthesis and physical–chemical properties of advanced BHPs.
Retrospective insights into recent MXene-based catalysts for CO2 electro/photoreduction: how far have we gone?
This state-of-the-art review of MXene-based catalysts in CO2 electro/photoreduction places an emphasis on synthesis approaches, surface termination modulation, heterostructure engineering and reaction mechanisms.
Alternatives to water oxidation in the photocatalytic water splitting reaction for solar hydrogen production
We summarize how various photo-oxidation reactions, rather than water oxidation, can be integrated with proton reduction in photocatalysis to generate H2 while producing valuable chemicals for a sustainable chemical industry and eliminating waste.
Endocytosis-mediated redistribution of antibiotics targets intracellular bacteria
Endocytosis-mediated redistribution of antibiotics sheds light on the development of novel delivery platforms and alternative strategies to combat intracellular bacterial pathogens.
Cathode materials for halide-based aqueous redox flow batteries: recent progress and future perspectives
Various electrode materials and relevant modification approaches used for zinc-halogen, hydrogen-halogen, and polysulfide-halogen ARFB systems are summarized, and the relevant mechanisms and regulatory means are illustrated.
Pathway of transient electronics towards connected biomedical applications
The review discusses triggering strategies for transient electronics. Connected biomedical applications with diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities of transient electronics have been summarized.
Perspectives on oxide heterostructures – the curious case of γ-Al2O3/SrTiO3
The γ-Al2O3/SrTiO3 heterostructure has emerged as a multifunctional material system. Here, I review the highlights and propose five future directions.
Copper and silver nanowires for CO2 electroreduction
Copper and silver nanowires as novel electrocatalysts for the electroreduction of CO2.
Ligand effects on the photoluminescence of atomically precise silver nanoclusters
This mini-review focuses on the recent understanding of the impacts of ligands on the photoluminescence properties of atomically precise silver nanoclusters.
Mass tag-encoded nanointerfaces for multiplexed mass spectrometric analysis and imaging of biomolecules
This minireview summarizes the structure, composition and working principles of mass tag-encoded nanointerfaces, along with their biological applications in multiplex mass spectrometry (MS) analyses.
Chiral inorganic nanomaterials for biological applications
This review summarizes the works regarding chiral inorganic nanomaterials with bio-functions and bio-applications, which can deep our understanding on chiral inorganic nanomaterials' construction principles and biological functional properties.
Protein-mimetic peptoid nanoarchitectures for pathogen recognition and neutralization
This mini-review highlights the design and synthesis of peptoid-based nanomaterials for pathogen-related healthcare applications.
Low-temperature lithium-ion batteries: challenges and progress of surface/interface modifications for advanced performance
This minireview summarizes the progress in the rational design of surface/interface modifications for low-temperature lithium-ion batteries.
Active therapy based on the byproducts of micro/nanomotors
This minireview summarizes the current progress in active therapy based on the byproducts produced or generated during the motion process of micro/nanomotors.
Nanoporous ices: an emerging class in the water/ice family
Nanoporous ice is an emerging class in the water/ice family, also named WOF (Water Oxygen-vertex Framework), which is stable under negative pressure. We summarize recent progress and important milestones and present our perspectives on future studies of nanoporous ices.
Emerging biotransduction strategies on soft interfaces for biosensing
As a lab-on-soft biochip providing accurate and timely biomarker information, wearable biosensors can satisfy the increasing demand for intelligent e-health services, active disease diagnosis/therapy, and huge bioinformation data.
Membranes prepared from graphene-based nanomaterials for water purification: a mini-review
Here, we present the recent progress in the synthesis, property–performance correlation, and novel work on graphene-based nanomaterials (GBnMs) in water treatment technologies, specifically nanofiltration and solar desalination applications.
Immunomodulatory nanotherapeutic approaches for periodontal tissue regeneration
This review discusses the important role of immune cells in the management of periodontitis and the nanotherapeutic methods for immunoregulated periodontal tissue regeneration.
The material–microorganism interface in microbial hybrid electrocatalysis systems
This review presents a comprehensive summary of the material–microorganism interface in microbial hybrid electrocatalysis systems.
Mercury chalcogenide colloidal quantum dots for infrared photodetection: from synthesis to device applications
A comprehensive review on Hg chalcogenide colloidal quantum dot infrared photodetectors, with the essential progress of synthesis methods, property control, device engineering, focus plane array integration and innovative applications.
Recent progress in bio-voltage memristors working with ultralow voltage of biological amplitude
This review summarizes the development of memristors with functional voltages in the biological region (<120 mV), covering the aspects of device material composition, performance, working mechanism, and potential applications.
Recent achievements toward the development of Ni-based layered oxide cathodes for fast-charging Li-ion batteries
This review enhances a fundamental understanding of the degradation mechanisms of Ni-based layered cathodes under fast-charging conditions from atomic to electrode scales. Design strategies for enhancing fast-charging performance are also suggested.
Wearable chemical sensors based on 2D materials for healthcare applications
We provided an overview of recent advances in 2D-material-based wearable chemical sensors for healthcare applications. We also explored the challenges and opportunities associated with designing and implementing 2D wearable chemical sensors.
Biomolecules incorporated in halide perovskite nanocrystals: synthesis, optical properties, and applications
Biomolecules have been integrated in halide perovskite nanocrystals (HPNCs), impacting their formation, physicochemical properties, and stability. We address the biomolecule's role in modulating HPNCs properties and extending their applications.
Non-〈111〉-oriented semiconductor nanowires: growth, properties, and applications
This review paper provides an overview of the growth, properties, and applications of non-〈111〉-oriented semiconductor nanowires for future electronic and optoelectronic devices.
Toward a new generation of permeable skin electronics
This article provides a comprehensive and systematic review of permeable skin-mountable electronics, with a focus on representative porous materials and structures, device properties, and latest applications.
Recent progress in emergent two-dimensional silicene
The family of silicene materials has emerged with various fascinating properties and applications.
Recent progress on the synthesis of metal alloy nanowires as electrocatalysts
This work reviews the chemical approaches to synthesizing metal alloy nanowires, and briefly discusses their applications as electrocatalysts.
Two-dimensional nanomaterials: synthesis and applications in photothermal catalysis
This review summarized recent advances in various 2D nanomaterials with emphasis on the relevant mechanism of photothermal catalysis, discussing the synthesis methods and photothermal applications in the environmental and energy fields.
Bioorthogonal nanozymes: an emerging strategy for disease therapy
The highlights for preparing bioorthogonal nanozymes and their therapeutic applications are reported.
Fabrication of magnetic nanoprobes for ultrahigh-field magnetic resonance imaging
This review highlights the design, synthesis, and contrasting mechanisms of magnetic nanoprobes for high-performance ultrahigh-field magnetic resonance imaging.
Recent advances in high-crystalline conjugated organic polymeric materials for photocatalytic CO2 conversion
This review summarizes the current advanced high-crystalline conjugated organic polymeric materials for photocatalytic CO2 conversion.
Advances in nanobiotechnology-propelled multidrug resistance circumvention of cancer
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the main reasons for the failure of tumor chemotherapy and has a negative influence on the therapeutic effect.
Controlling the durability and optical properties of triplet–triplet annihilation upconversion nanocapsules
In this nanoparticle synthesis, the feed quantities of TEOS and PEG-silane greatly impact the formation of the external silica shell used to encapsulate upconversion materials, as well as the accessible upconverted photoluminescence.
Investigation of local distortion effects on X-ray absorption of ferroelectric perovskites from first principles simulations
We investigate ferroelectric local distortion in BaTiO3 with two widely used computational approaches with different treatments of many-body excitation effects.
The effect of tensile strain in Pd–Ni core–shell nanocubes with tuneable shell thickness on urea electrolysis selectivity
The lattice strain effect in Pd–Ni core–shell nanocubes on the selectivity of urea electrolysis is elucidated, which can facilitate catalyst design for efficient urea waste treatment and concomitant cathodic hydrogen production or CO2 reduction.
Simultaneous Observing the Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Single Enzymatic Catalysis by a Solid-State Nanopore
Single-crystalline Mg-substituted Na4Mn3(PO4)2P2O7 nanoparticles as a high capacity and superior cycling cathode for sodium-ion batteries
The NM2.7Mg0.3PP@C cathode displays a considerable discharge capacity, an improved rate capability, superior cycling performance and stable structure.
Measurements of single-molecule electromechanical properties based on atomic force microscopy fixed-junction technique
A fixed nanogap between electrodes is pre-set and the simultaneous electrical and mechanical properties of a single molecule are obtained from the time-resolved changes in both the current and force induced by stochastic metal–molecule binding.
Assembly of biomimetic microreactors using caged-coacervate droplets
Caged microreactors were constructed by Pickering stabilization of complex coacervate droplets with silica nanoparticles. The size of the nanoparticles determined the molecular transport into the microreactors.
Electronic structure of cobalt valence tautomeric molecules in different environments
A joint spectroscopy and ab initio study identifies electronic orbitals of valence tautomeric complexes on different semiconducting polymers, including a spin-polarized ligand-to-metal charge transfer state that spans the entire molecular plane.
Porous carbon-based metal-free monolayers towards highly stable and flexible wearable thermoelectrics and microelectronics
Two graphene-like macrocyclic monolayers are proposed with high strength and ultrahigh carrier mobilities and ZT values, having promising applications in mechanical enhancement, microelectronics, wearable electronics and thermoelectric devices.
A cascade nanozyme with antimicrobial effects against nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae
A cascade nanozyme with glucose oxidase and haloperoxidase activities was designed and synthesized, which was shown to generate antiseptic HOBr from a ubiquitous non-ROS, O2. It successfully inhibited growth of a bacterial pathogen and its biofilm.
Mapping the reaction zones for CdTe magic-sized clusters and their emission properties
Using five reaction parameters as “reaction coordinates”, we mapped out the “reaction zones” that produce CdTe magic-sized clusters (MSCs) and quantum dots (QDs). The photoluminescent properties of CdTe MSCs and QDs were also investigated.
Mucus-inspired organogel as an efficient absorbent and retention agent for volatile organic compounds
Nasal mucus plays a key role in the sense of smell by absorbing and transporting chemicals to olfactory receptors.
Structure and assembly of a hexanuclear AuNi bimetallic nanocluster
An Au4Ni2 nanocluster containing a square-planar [PPh2–Au–S–Au]2 ring and two nickel-pincer arms was found to be assembled by noncovalent interactions. The assembly-dependent properties that are distinct from the octahedral M6 clusters were shown.
Self-strengthening stimuli-responsive nanocomposite hydrogels
Rearrangement of the internal structure of NC-PNIPAM nanocomposite hydrogels through heating or salt treatment renders self-strengthening properties to the nanocomposite hydrogels.
Incorporating zeolitic-imidazolate framework-8 nanoparticles into kidney scaffolds: a first step towards innovative renal therapies
We demonstrate the successful immobilization of polymer-stabilized ZIF-8 nanoparticles within a kidney scaffold, endowing it with a high adsorption capacity to remove uremic toxins (mainly hydrophobic ones) under flow conditions.
One-dimensional metal thiophosphate nanowires by cluster assembly
The nanowires assembled from [PS4] clusters and group-IIIA or transition metal atoms with unique structural symmetry show diverse electronic and magnetic properties.
Controllable fabrication of hollow In2O3 nanoparticles by electron beam irradiation
A growth strategy is presented for controllable fabrication of hollow In2O3 nanoparticles via oxidation of In nanocrystals under electron beam irradiation.
Non-invasive monitoring of biochemicals in hydrogel-assisted microfluidic chips
A hydrogel acts as the sealing film of microfluidic chips, and allows the delivery of target biochemicals to the outer surface for various types of quantitative analysis.
Effects of film thickness on electrochemical properties of nanoscale polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) thin films grown by oxidative molecular layer deposition (oMLD)
Orientation of ordered domains in oMLD PEDOT thin films changes with thickness, affecting ion uptake rate and electrochemical device applications.
Scalable and green formation of graphitic nanolayers produces highly conductive pyrolyzed paper toward sensitive electrochemical sensors
The annealing of pyrolyzed paper (PP) under isopropanol vapor leads to the formation of highly graphitic nanolayers (∼15 nm) on the material surface. PP electrodes with a resistivity as low as 7 mΩ cm could be achieved for sensing applications.
Defect-free graphene enhances enzyme delivery to fibroblasts derived from the patients with lysosomal storage disorders
A First Glance into Mixed Phosphine-Stibine Moieties as Protecting Ligands for Gold Clusters
Piezoelectrically enhanced photocatalysis of KxNa1−xNbO3 (KNN) microstructures for efficient water purification
A kind of perovskite-type potassium–sodium niobate K0.4Na0.6O3 synthesized via a facile hydrothermal reaction exhibits excellent piezo-/photocatalytic properties under the synergistic effect of light irradiation and ultrasonic vibration.
Theoretical screening of single atom doping on β-Ga2O3 (100) for photoelectrochemical water splitting with high activity and low limiting potential
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting combined with renewable energy is an appealing approach for solar energy conversion and storage.
Untangling the intertwined: metallic to semiconducting phase transition of colloidal MoS2 nanoplatelets and nanosheets
Colloidal ultrathin 2D MoS2 nanoplatelets and nanosheets provide a toolbox for future spin- and valleytronic applications. Colloidal chemistry offers innovative strategies to tune the materials' optoelectronic properties from metallic to semiconducting.
Atomically dispersed Mn atoms coordinated with N and O within an N-doped porous carbon framework for boosted oxygen reduction catalysis
Developing efficient and robust catalysts to replace Pt group metals for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is conducive to achieving highly efficient energy conversion.
Nanoparticle surface decoration mediated efficient protein and peptide co-encapsulation with precise ratiometric control for self-regulated drug release
Surface decoration uniformed the surface properties of different types of protein and peptide nanoparticles and enabled efficient encapsulation.
Gas sensors based on the oxide skin of liquid indium
Various non-stratified two-dimensional (2D) materials can be obtained from liquid metal surfaces that are not naturally accessible.
Homogeneous in-plane WSe2 P–N junctions for advanced optoelectronic devices
Through selective plasma doping, the in situ construction of homogeneous lateral WSe2 P–N junctions within a single WSe2 flake is achieved. Our device shows an external quantum efficiency of ∼228% and a high photoresponsivity of ∼7.1 × 104 mA W−1.
Introduction of defects in hexagonal boron nitride for vacancy-based 2D memristors
Hexagonal boron nitride with uniform defect distribution has been used to prepare vacancy-based memristors with inert Au metal electrodes, displaying stable resistance switching performance and a long retention time.
Tunable orientation of two-dimensional assembled Au octahedron superlattices in polymer films as flexible SERS substrates
An air–water interface mediated co-assembly strategy to prepare flexible 2D superlattices of Au octahedra with tunable orientations, which show orientation-dependent SERS activity, is reported.
Spontaneous and scanning-assisted desorption–adsorption dynamics in porous supramolecular networks at the solution–solid interface
Adsorption–desorption dynamics and local chemical composition of a physisorbed co-assembly can be characterized and controlled by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM).
Formation of inorganic liquid gallium particle–manganese oxide composites
Liquid gallium particles and manganese oxide inorganic composites were synthesised with the spontaneous formation of manganese oxide networks on the liquid surface of gallium. The composites exhibited tunable optical and photoelectric properties.
Exploring the design of superradiant J-aggregates from amphiphilic monomer units
Excitonic chromophore aggregates have wide-ranging applicability in fields such as imaging and energy harvesting; however their rational design requires adapting principles of self-assembly to the requirements of excited state coupling.
Directing oxygen reduction reaction selectivity towards hydrogen peroxide via electric double layer engineering
By introducing CTAB in the system to engineer an electric double layer structure, 2e− ORR performance on CoPc/C is strongly promoted.
Enhanced triboelectric properties of Eu2O3-doped BaTiO3/PVDF-HFP nanofibers
The developed Eu2O3–BaTiO3/PVDF-HFP electrospun-nanofiber TENGs could be used not only as a self-powering device, but also as a sensor.
About this collection
Nanoscale is proud to present this themed collection highlighting 2023’s rising stars of nanoscience and nanotechnology research, which gathers the very best work from researchers in the early stages of their independent career.
Each contributor was recommended by experts in their fields for carrying out work with the potential to influence future directions in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Congratulations to all the featured researchers on their important work in the field so far!