Themed collection Covalent Drug Discovery
Introduction to the themed collection on Covalent Drug Discovery
Guest editors Keriann Backus, Zhengying Pan and Lyn Jones introduce the themed collection on Covalent Drug Discovery.
Covalent drugs targeting histidine – an unexploited opportunity?
Targeted covalent modulation of histidine in ligand binding sites will expand the druggable proteome.
A primer on harnessing non-enzymatic post-translational modifications for drug design
Our primer discusses the current issues faced when medicinal chemists try to leverage highly reactive electrophiles for drug development.
Covalent PROTACs: the best of both worlds?
Covalent PROTACs combine the cutting edge research areas of targeted covalent inhibitors (TCIs) and proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs).
Recent applications of covalent chemistries in protein–protein interaction inhibitors
Often, large molecules are required to effectively disrupt protein–protein interactions (PPIs). Exploiting covalent chemistries may realize potent therapeutics boasting more “drug-like” properties with longer residence times.
Reactivity-based chemical-genetic study of protein kinases
In this review, we describe the development and application of chemical-genetic strategies that feature the use of covalent inhibitors targeting cysteine residues to dissect the cellular functions of individual protein kinases.
Covalent cannabinoid receptor ligands – structural insight and selectivity challenges
X-ray crystallography and cryogenic electronic microscopy have provided significant advancement in the knowledge of GPCR structure and have allowed the rational design of covalent GPCR ligands.
β-Lactam antibiotic targets and resistance mechanisms: from covalent inhibitors to substrates
Overview of β-lactam antibiotics and the proteins with which they covalently interact, focusing on penicillin-binding proteins and serine β-lactamases.
Recent advances in the development of covalent inhibitors
This is the short review focusing on recent advances of covalent warheads that can be applied to the development of potential covalent inhibitors.
Integrating a covalent probe with ubiquicidin fragment enables effective bacterial infection imaging
A covalent probe attached to the UBI antimicrobial peptide enhances membrane binding retention time through iminoboronate formation, thus improving bacterial infection imaging in vivo.
Development of subtype-selective covalent ligands for the adenosine A2B receptor by tuning the reactive group
Selectivity of covalent ligands for the adenosine A2B receptor was induced by tuning the reactivity and orientation of the warhead.
Structure–activity relationships of hydrophobic alkyl acrylamides as tissue transglutaminase inhibitors
Our investigation of small, irreversible TG2 inhibitors identifies key components that confer enhanced efficiency, and reveals potential discrepancies in the use of current crystallographic models for predicting inhibitor potency.
Identification of the first structurally validated covalent ligands of the small GTPase RAB27A
A novel Rab27A construct enables elucidation of covalent ligand binding, paving the way for structure-guided approaches against this challenging target.
Covalent sortase A inhibitor ML346 prevents Staphylococcus aureus infection of Galleria mellonella
Covalent sortase A inhibitor ML346 prevents Galleria mellonella from Staphylococcus aureus infection by interfering in the transpeptidation activity of sortase A for anchoring surface proteins into staphylococci envelope.
Profiling MAP kinase cysteines for targeted covalent inhibitor design
The knowledge of reactive cysteine locations is valuable for targeted covalent inhibitor design. Here we used an advanced molecular simulation tool to assess and rationalize the cysteine reactivities for all 14 MAP kinases.
Activity-based protein profiling reveals deubiquitinase and aldehyde dehydrogenase targets of a cyanopyrrolidine probe
We report the characterization of a UCHL1 covalent inhibitor based on a thiazole cyanopyrrolidine scaffold and a closely-related activity-based probe (ABP) which was used to generate a quantitative profile for on- and off-targets in human cells.
Peptidomimetic nitrile warheads as SARS-CoV-2 3CL protease inhibitors
This article describes peptidomimetic SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro inhibitors with a nitrile warhead with in vitro antiviral inhibition. Superior selectivity was observed for the nitrile warhead compared to the aldehyde against 3 human cathepsins (B, S and L).
Deglycase-activity oriented screening to identify DJ-1 inhibitors
Tracking the esterase activity of DJ-1 via a fluorescent-based scalable assay to uncover and develop candidates with enhanced potency.
Irreversible inhibition of BoNT/A protease: proximity-driven reactivity contingent upon a bifunctional approach
A proximity-driven covalent bond with intrinsically less reactive warheads has been made possible by using a metal-chelating anchor for directed targeted covalent modification of Cys165 within the BoNT/A protease.