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Themed collection Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels

18 items
Open Access Perspective

Molecular understandings on the activation of light hydrocarbons over heterogeneous catalysts

This review describes recent progress on mechanistic understanding of heterogeneous catalytic dehydrogenation reactions of light alkanes.

Graphical abstract: Molecular understandings on the activation of light hydrocarbons over heterogeneous catalysts
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Alkene hydrogenation activity of enoate reductases for an environmentally benign biosynthesis of adipic acid

We demonstrate the first enzymatic hydrogenation of 2-hexenedioic acid and muconic acid to adipic acid using enoate reductases (ERs).

Graphical abstract: Alkene hydrogenation activity of enoate reductases for an environmentally benign biosynthesis of adipic acid
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Biofuels
Open Access Edge Article

Porous dendritic copper: an electrocatalyst for highly selective CO2 reduction to formate in water/ionic liquid electrolyte

An ionic liquid/water electrolyte promotes excellent selectivity for CO2 electroreduction to formic acid at a porous dendritic copper electrode material.

Graphical abstract: Porous dendritic copper: an electrocatalyst for highly selective CO2 reduction to formate in water/ionic liquid electrolyte
Open Access Edge Article

On the molecular mechanisms for the H2/CO2 separation performance of zeolite imidazolate framework two-layered membranes

A zeolitic imidazolate framework two-layered membrane approach is simulated and experimentally validated to improve the pre-combustion gas separation.

Graphical abstract: On the molecular mechanisms for the H2/CO2 separation performance of zeolite imidazolate framework two-layered membranes
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Putting an ultrahigh concentration of amine groups into a metal–organic framework for CO2 capture at low pressures

Hydrazine can be grafted in CPO-27-Mg/MOF-74-Mg to provide an ultrahigh concentration of amine groups on the pore surface, giving an exceptionally high CO2 capture performance, especially at extremely low pressures.

Graphical abstract: Putting an ultrahigh concentration of amine groups into a metal–organic framework for CO2 capture at low pressures
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Coupling fullerene into porous aromatic frameworks for gas selective sorption

Fullerene molecules were connected to form fullerene-based PAFs. The porous structure could adsorb H2 and exhibit some selectivity of CO2.

Graphical abstract: Coupling fullerene into porous aromatic frameworks for gas selective sorption
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Polymer coordination promotes selective CO2 reduction by cobalt phthalocyanine

We present a study of the mechanistic factors that transform cobalt phthalocyanine from a catalyst that shows modest performance for the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO production into one of the most active and selective molecular catalyst reported in aqueous media when immobilized in a poly-4-vinylpyridine membrane

Graphical abstract: Polymer coordination promotes selective CO2 reduction by cobalt phthalocyanine
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

A highly active nickel electrocatalyst shows excellent selectivity for CO2 reduction in acidic media

The development of selective electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction in water offers a sustainable route to carbon based fuels and feedstocks.

Graphical abstract: A highly active nickel electrocatalyst shows excellent selectivity for CO2 reduction in acidic media
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Hydrolysis of woody biomass by a biomass-derived reusable heterogeneous catalyst

A carbon catalyst prepared by air oxidation of woody biomass hydrolyses woody biomass, and the reaction residue is transformed back to the catalyst by the same air oxidation method.

Graphical abstract: Hydrolysis of woody biomass by a biomass-derived reusable heterogeneous catalyst
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Biofuels
Open Access Edge Article

Heterogeneous conversion of CO2 into cyclic carbonates at ambient pressure catalyzed by ionothermal-derived meso-macroporous hierarchical poly(ionic liquid)s

Meso-macroporous hierarchical poly(ionic liquid)s are ionothermally synthesized through self-polymerization of the new divinylimidazole IL, exhibiting enhanced CO2 capture and excellent activity in the cycloaddition of CO2 to epoxides.

Graphical abstract: Heterogeneous conversion of CO2 into cyclic carbonates at ambient pressure catalyzed by ionothermal-derived meso-macroporous hierarchical poly(ionic liquid)s
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Methanol-to-hydrocarbons conversion over MoO3/H-ZSM-5 catalysts prepared via lower temperature calcination: a route to tailor the distribution and evolution of promoter Mo species, and their corresponding catalytic properties

A series of MoO3/H-ZSM-5 catalysts were prepared via calcination at a lower-than-usual temperature and evaluated.

Graphical abstract: Methanol-to-hydrocarbons conversion over MoO3/H-ZSM-5 catalysts prepared via lower temperature calcination: a route to tailor the distribution and evolution of promoter Mo species, and their corresponding catalytic properties
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Chemical looping of metal nitride catalysts: low-pressure ammonia synthesis for energy storage

Design principles for reducible metal nitride catalysts are developed and demonstrated for ambient-pressure solar-driven N2 reduction into NH3.

Graphical abstract: Chemical looping of metal nitride catalysts: low-pressure ammonia synthesis for energy storage
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Hydrogen Energy
Open Access Edge Article

Palladium-catalyzed reductive coupling of phenols with anilines and amines: efficient conversion of phenolic lignin model monomers and analogues to cyclohexylamines

A highly efficient Pd-catalyzed direct coupling of phenolic lignin model monomers and analogues with anilines to give cyclohexylamines using sodium formate as hydrogen donor is described.

Graphical abstract: Palladium-catalyzed reductive coupling of phenols with anilines and amines: efficient conversion of phenolic lignin model monomers and analogues to cyclohexylamines
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Biofuels
Open Access Edge Article

Exceptional CO2 working capacity in a heterodiamine-grafted metal–organic framework

The amine functionalized material 1-dmen shows a record high working capacity for CO2 capture at low regeneration temperatures compared with other MOFs. Furthermore, this performance is maintained upon exposure to humidity.

Graphical abstract: Exceptional CO2 working capacity in a heterodiamine-grafted metal–organic framework
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Versatile rare earth hexanuclear clusters for the design and synthesis of highly-connected ftw-MOFs

A targeted rare earth ftw-MOF platform offers the potential to assess the effect of pore functionality and size on gas adsorption via ligand functionalization and/or expansion.

Graphical abstract: Versatile rare earth hexanuclear clusters for the design and synthesis of highly-connected ftw-MOFs
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Metal-free dehydrogenation of formic acid to H2 and CO2 using boron-based catalysts

The decomposition of formic acid to H2 and CO2 under metal-free conditions has been unveiled using dialkylborane derivatives as catalysts.

Graphical abstract: Metal-free dehydrogenation of formic acid to H2 and CO2 using boron-based catalysts
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

γ-Al2O3 supported Pd@CeO2 core@shell nanospheres: salting-out assisted growth and self-assembly, and their catalytic performance in CO oxidation

Highly active Pd@CeO2 core@shell nanospheres with tunable Pd core sizes for catalytic CO oxidation.

Graphical abstract: γ-Al2O3 supported Pd@CeO2 core@shell nanospheres: salting-out assisted growth and self-assembly, and their catalytic performance in CO oxidation
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Fossil Fuels
Open Access Edge Article

Turning it off! Disfavouring hydrogen evolution to enhance selectivity for CO production during homogeneous CO2 reduction by cobalt–terpyridine complexes

Understanding the activity and selectivity of molecular catalysts for CO2 reduction to fuels is an important scientific endeavour in addressing the growing global energy demand.

Graphical abstract: Turning it off! Disfavouring hydrogen evolution to enhance selectivity for CO production during homogeneous CO2 reduction by cobalt–terpyridine complexes
From the themed collection: Global Energy Challenges: Hydrogen Energy
18 items

About this collection

We are delighted to present an online collection showcasing recently published articles in the field of energy. To address major issues facing our planet, researchers all over the world have increasingly focused their efforts on finding solutions to these energy challenges. These articles highlight some of the excellent work that tackles important global challenges related to energy. We hope you enjoy reading this collection!

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