Extending photocatalysis to the visible and NIR: the molecular strategy
Molecular photosensitizers (PS) allow to exploit visible (Vis) and near-infrared (NIR) light for photocatalytic production of solar fuels, organic synthesis and environmental remediation.
Photodoping of metal oxide nanocrystals for multi-charge accumulation and light-driven energy storage
Light-driven multi-charge accumulation (i.e., photodoping) of doped metal oxide nanocrystals opens the way to innovative solutions for the direct conversion and storage of the solar energy.
Genetically encoded RNA nanodevices for cellular imaging and regulation
Recent design and applications of emerging genetically encoded RNA nanodevices in regulating cellular gene expression, imaging, logic operation, structural biology, and optogenetics.
Two-dimensional layered double hydroxide nanoadjuvant: recent progress and future direction
MgAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH) has a similar composition to the commercial aluminum adjuvant, but is highly biocompatible. The excellent adjuvanticity and biocompatibility make LDH the most potential clinical candidate adjuvant.
Recent advances and rational design strategies of carbon dots towards highly efficient solar evaporation
By rationally designing and modifying their heterostructures, carbon dots have the potential to be used as solar absorbers for solar evaporation. The roles of carbon dots to improve solar-to-vapor efficiency are thoroughly discussed.
Recent progress in mitochondria-targeting-based nanotechnology for cancer treatment
This review summarizes the state of the art design and construction of nanosystems used for mitochondria-targeted delivery.
Anderson-type polyoxometalates: from structures to functions
This review provides a deep discussion on the recent progress in the synthetic methodology, structural exploration, and promising applications of Anderson-type polyoxometalates.
Catalysis based on ferroelectrics: controllable chemical reaction with boosted efficiency
Ferroelectric catalysts possess the advantages of boosted catalytic efficiency as a result of polarization, which suppresses electron–hole pair recombination, and superior selectivity via the ferroelectric switch.
Control of light–valley interactions in 2D transition metal dichalcogenides with nanophotonic structures
Valley pseudospin of 2D transition-metal dichalcogenides is promising for information technologies, but its robust manipulation is challenging. This minireview highlights recent progress on using nanophotonic strategies to address this challenge.
Transition metal oxide and chalcogenide-based nanomaterials for antibacterial activities: an overview
This review summarizes the recent advances of transition metal oxide and chalcogenide-based antibacterial nanomaterials, with emphasis on their inactivation mechanisms and highlighting their practical applications.
Emergent electrochemical functions and future opportunities of hierarchically constructed metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks
Hierarchically constructed metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks toward emergent electrochemical applications.
Cooperativity in supported metal single atom catalysis
Cooperativity in single atom catalysis greatly exceeds the (important) metal–support interaction, and other types of synergies (with a nanoparticle – NP, a second SA – SA2, or a ligand/heteroatom – X) are described in this mini-review.
Synthesis and defect engineering of molybdenum oxides and their SERS applications
Review on crystal structures, material synthesis methods, defect engineering strategies for molybdenum oxides' SERS mechanism and application investigation.
Boosting the performance of printed thermoelectric materials by inducing morphological anisotropy
Printing holds potential for low-cost and large-area patterning of thermoelectric materials. The process can be also engineered to induce morphological anisotropy in (in)organic materials, which boost the performance along a preferential direction.
Graphene glial-interfaces: challenges and perspectives
This work provides an overview of the emerging literature on the interaction of graphene-based materials with glial cells, aiming to define the challenges and perspectives of graphene glial-interfaces.
Strong plasmon–exciton coupling in transition metal dichalcogenides and plasmonic nanostructures
This schematic shows strong plasmon–exciton coupling in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) coupled with plasmonic single nanoparticles, nanoparticles-over-mirrors, and plasmonic arrays.
Bioinspired surfaces with special micro-structures and wettability for drag reduction: which surface design will be a better choice?
Human beings learn from creatures in nature and imitate them to solve drag reduction challenges in daily life.
Overcoming thermal quenching in upconversion nanoparticles
Recent efforts for alleviating energy dissipation and enhancement of energy collection are reviewed to combat thermal quenching in UCNPs.
Recent advances in biofluid detection with micro/nanostructured bioelectronic devices
Micro/nanostructured bioelectronic devices for various biofluid detection applications are systematically summarized and discussed with new insights for future health monitoring.
Recent advances in colour-tunable soft actuators
This review summarizes the recent advances of colour-tunable soft actuators, with emphasis on their colour-change mechanisms and highlighting their applications.
Between plasmonics and surface-enhanced resonant Raman spectroscopy: toward single-molecule strong coupling at a hotspot
The purpose of this minireview is to build a bridge between two research fields: surface-enhanced resonant Raman spectroscopy (SERRS) and the branch of plasmonics treating strong coupling between plasmons and molecular excitons.
Electrocatalysis in confined spaces: interplay between well-defined materials and the microenvironment
In this minireview, we summarize recent advances in electrocatalysis in confined spaces. Emerging electrochemical reactions are covered and discussed.
Enhancing electrocatalytic water splitting by surface defect engineering in two-dimensional electrocatalysts
Overall electrocatalytic water splitting can efficiently and sustainably produce clean hydrogen energy to alleviate the global energy crisis and environmental pollution.
Recent advances in focused ion beam nanofabrication for nanostructures and devices: fundamentals and applications
The past few decades have witnessed growing research interest in developing powerful nanofabrication technologies for three-dimensional (3D) structures and devices to achieve nano-scale and nano-precision manufacturing.
Operando spectroscopy of nanoscopic metal/covalent organic framework electrocatalysts
Metal and covalent organic frameworks (MOFs and COFs) are increasingly finding exceptional utility in electrocatalytic systems.
Theoretical and computational investigations into mechanobactericidal activity of nanostructures at the bacteria-biomaterial interface: a critical review
Modeling and simulation of bacteria-nanostructure interactions can reveal critical insights underlying the physics of the process, verify and predict bacterial behaviour, or optimize bactericidal activity.
Single molecule electronic devices with carbon-based materials: status and opportunity
The field of single molecule electronics has progressed remarkably in the past decades by allowing for more versatile molecular functions and improving device fabrication techniques.
Conjugated nanomaterials for solar fuel production
Photocatalytic hydrogen production from water has the potential to fulfil future energy needs by producing a clean and storable fuel. Here the discuss the recent advances in using nanosized materials as photocatalysts.
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as carriers of active agents for smart anticorrosive organic coatings: a critical review
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles with properly designed textural properties and tailored release of corrosion inhibitors are highly efficient smart carriers for advanced anticorrosive nanocomposite coatings.
Hot carriers in graphene – fundamentals and applications
Hot charge carriers in graphene exhibit fascinating physical phenomena and have great promise for exciting optoelectronic applications. The current understanding of the relevant fundamental physics and the most promising applications are reviewed.
Peak force tapping atomic force microscopy for advancing cell and molecular biology
Recent advances in peak force tapping (PFT)-based atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging for applications in cell and molecular biology are summarized. Future perspectives for future progression and biomedical applications are provided.
Cobalt-based metal–organic frameworks for the photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous materials composed of metal centers and organic connectors.
State of the art recent progress in MXene-based photocatalysts: a comprehensive review
Near-infrared inorganic nanomaterial-based nanosystems for photothermal therapy
We summarize the recent advances in near-infrared inorganic nanomaterial-based nanosystems for photothermal therapy in this review.
Graphene and Water-Based Elastomer Nanocomposites – A Review
Cell-free exosome-laden scaffolds for tissue repair
Exosome seeded on the designed scaffold can achieve local and sustained-release for efficient tissue repair.
Recent advances and perspectives in photo-induced enhanced Raman spectroscopy
Light irradiation induces charge separation and expels electrons to the states of oxygen vacancies or the conduction band, which increases the charge transfer and electromagnetic field of the substrate and magnifies the Raman signal of the analytes.
In silico nanosafety assessment tools and their ecosystem-level integration prospect
Three categories of in silico nanosafety assessment tools are summarized in this review, and their integration potential for establishing a site-specific interactive system at the ecosystem level is discussed.
Multi-stimuli-responsive aggregation of nanoparticles driven by the manipulation of colloidal stability
This review focussed on the design of multi-stimuli-responsive nanoparticles that offer spatial and temporal control of their aggregation behaviour. The review covers the fundamental concepts, the recent developments, and the applications of these materials.
Advances in hydrogen production from electrocatalytic seawater splitting
Seawater is one of the most abundant natural resources on our planet. Electrolysis of seawater is not only a promising approach to produce clean hydrogen energy, but also of great significance for seawater desalination.
Lanthanide doped luminescence nanothermometers in the biological windows: strategies and applications
The development of lanthanide-doped non-contact luminescent nanothermometers operating in the biological windows spectral regions, the strategies to improve their thermal sensitivities, and their applications have been reviewed.
Biomimetic camouflage delivery strategies for cancer therapy
Biomimetic camouflage strategies can modulate the bio-fate of therapeutics and target cancer cells. Various endogenous components have been used to develop biomimetic drug delivery systems and can serve as either carriers or coating materials.
Layer-by-layer assembly in nanochannels: assembly mechanism and applications
Layer-by-layer assembly in nanochannels offers fascinating opportunities to create multifunctional nanomaterials, as reviewed in this article, focusing on mechanisms and recent applications of the resulting materials.
Gas hydrates in confined space of nanoporous materials: new frontier in gas storage technology
Gas hydrates have emerged as a front runner in gas storage and carbon capture technology. This review highlights recent studies on the growth and theoretical models of gas hydrates within four different categories of nanoporous materials.
Fabrication and application of macroscopic nanowire aerogels
We provide a comprehensive review on the latest advances in three-dimensional macroscopic aerogels assembled from one-dimensional inorganic nanowires.
Synaptic transistors and neuromorphic systems based on carbon nano-materials
Carbon nano-material based synaptic transistors and neuromorphic systems are systematically reviewed.
A review of Mn-based catalysts for low-temperature NH3-SCR: NOx removal and H2O/SO2 resistance
Mn-Based catalysts with various morphologies, structures and compositions for improved NOx removal and H2O/SO2 resistance performance for low-temperature NH3-SCR are reviewed.
Atomic-level engineering of two-dimensional electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction
Atomic-level engineering strategies in 2D electrocatalysts for the CO2RR.
Heterojunction photocatalysts for artificial nitrogen fixation: fundamentals, latest advances and future perspectives
Heterojunction-type photocatalytic systems are promising nitrogen fixation photocatalysts for sustainable ammonia synthesis. Their fundamentals and application for solar-to-ammonia conversion, along with modification strategies are presented.
Nuclease-resistant signaling nanostructures made entirely of DNA oligonucleotides
The recent advances in the development of nuclease-resistant DNA nanostructures with different geometrical shapes and their biological applications in cellular imaging and targeted drug delivery are summarized in this review.
Transition metal sulfides meet electrospinning: versatile synthesis, distinct properties and prospective applications
Design and tailoring of two-dimensional Schottky, PN and tunnelling junctions for electronics and optoelectronics
The construction of 2D Schottky, PN and tunnelling junctions, which play key roles in developing their function for electronics and optoelectronics.
Recent advances in g-C3N4 composites within four types of heterojunctions for photocatalytic CO2 reduction
Photocatalytic CO2 reduction utilizes solar radiation as the main energy source to convert CO2 into clean chemical fuels, providing an alternative fuel for human production and life activities.
Copper nanoclusters: designed synthesis, structural diversity, and multiplatform applications
Small copper nanoclusters (CuNCs) with atomic precisions and fascinating molecular-like properties have been discovered during last few decades. They have been widely applied for catalytic, biomedical, sensing, and optoelectronic applications.
Fabrication of metallic and non-metallic top electrodes for large-area molecular junctions
This Review presents an overview of methods used to deposit top-contact electrodes on electrode-supported monolayers to create ‘large area’ molecular junctions, highlighting the challenges and solutions identified to date.
“Fishing” nano–bio interactions at the key biological barriers
Understanding nano–bio interactions is pivotal to the safe implementation of nanotechnology for both biological and environmental applications.
Recent progress in electrochemical performance of binder-free anodes for potassium-ion batteries
In this review, we discussed the electrochemical performance of various binder-free anodes starting from preparation methods. Also, some challenges and perspectives in binder-free electrodes for PIBs are analyzed.
Self-assembly of colloidal nanoparticles into 2D arrays at water–oil interfaces: rational construction of stable SERS substrates with accessible enhancing surfaces and tailored plasmonic response
Nanoparticle self-assembly at water–oil interfaces has emerged as a convenient and efficient method to construct stable, active and reproducible plasmonic substrates for SERS. In this review we summarize the progress that has been made in this field.
Two-dimensional WS2/MoS2 heterostructures: properties and applications
The successful fabrication of WS2/MoS2 heterostructures provides more possibilities for optoelectronic and thermoelectric applications than graphene because of their direct bandgap characteristics.
Metal organic framework derived porous carbon materials excel as an excellent platform for high-performance packaged supercapacitors
This review systematically sums up the design principles and strategies for MOF precursors and discusses the relationship between MOF precursors and the target porous carbon for the accurate architecture of high-performance supercapacitors.
Coupled plasmonic systems: controlling the plasmon dynamics and spectral modulations for molecular detection
A review on molecular detection using coupled plasmonic systems based on spectral modulations and further near-field enhancements.
Evolution of low-dimensional material-based field-effect transistors
The recent research progress on low-dimensional material-based FETs, including their classification and applications, has been reviewed.
Boosting the sensing properties of resistive-based gas sensors by irradiation techniques: a review
The ongoing need to detect and monitor hazardous, volatile, and flammable gases has led to the use of gas sensors in several fields to improve safety and health issues.
Nanomedicine-based cancer immunotherapies developed by reprogramming tumor-associated macrophages
Tumor microenvironment is a complex ecosystem composed of tumor extracellular matrix, fibroblasts, blood vessels, and immune cells, promoting tumor development by secreting various growth factors, hydrolase, and inflammatory factors.
On the design, functions, and biomedical applications of high-throughput dielectrophoretic micro-/nanoplatforms: a review
The design of high-throughput dielectrophoretic micro-/nanoplatforms exhibits potential biomedical applications.
Construction of a Z-scheme heterojunction for high-efficiency visible-light-driven photocatalytic CO2 reduction
This review concisely reports the photoreduction mechanism of CO2, construction, application, and upgrade strategies for Z-scheme heterostructures.
Regulating the carbon distribution of anode materials in lithium-ion batteries
Review focuses on regulating the carbon distributions of anodes in LIBs, and outlines the latest progress in carbon-matrix anodes based on dimensions and functions. Importantly, summaries reflect on how to optimize the carbon-matrix anodes in the future.
A review of the role and mechanism of surfactants in the morphology control of metal nanoparticles
The roles of surfactants in the morphology control of nanoparticles are reviewed, including dispersion, structure direct, cap, reduction, etch, and ion exchange. The application of surfactants in the synthesis of nanoparticles is prospected.
2D metal–organic framework-based materials for electrocatalytic, photocatalytic and thermocatalytic applications
2D MOF-based materials with unique characteristics have great potential in various electrocatalytic, photocatalytic and thermocatalytic applications.
Plasmonic nano-antimicrobials: properties, mechanisms and applications in microbe inactivation and sensing
The photophysical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles facilitate the sensitive detection and inactivation of microbial pathogens and, thus, form the basis for plasmonic nano-antimicrobials.
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In addition to high impact and high quality research across nanoscience & nanotechnology, Nanoscale publishes topical review articles. Reviews will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.