Themed collection Environmental Science – coronavirus research

35 items
Editorial

Editorial Perspectives: will SARS-CoV-2 reset public health requirements in the water industry? Integrating lessons of the past and emerging research

Brian Pecson and Daniel Gerrity present an Editorial Perspective which focuses on the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on the water industry.

Graphical abstract: Editorial Perspectives: will SARS-CoV-2 reset public health requirements in the water industry? Integrating lessons of the past and emerging research
Editorial

Editorial Perspectives: 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): what is its fate in urban water cycle and how can the water research community respond?

Vincenzo Naddeo and Haizhou Liu present an ‘Editorial Perspective’ on coronavirus in wastewater and discuss the water research needs to combat viral outbreaks.

Graphical abstract: Editorial Perspectives: 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): what is its fate in urban water cycle and how can the water research community respond?
Perspective

Influence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a review from the climate change perspective

This perspective article reports the possible relationships between climate change and the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic and vice versa.

Graphical abstract: Influence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a review from the climate change perspective
Perspective

A case study of SARS-CoV-2 transmission behavior in a severely air-polluted city (Delhi, India) and the potential usage of graphene based materials for filtering air-pollutants and controlling/monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic

This review summarizes the role of graphene-based nanomaterials, which show antimicrobial behavior and have antiviral efficacy, in reducing the spread of COVID-19.

Graphical abstract: A case study of SARS-CoV-2 transmission behavior in a severely air-polluted city (Delhi, India) and the potential usage of graphene based materials for filtering air-pollutants and controlling/monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic
Open Access Frontier

Growth of Legionella during COVID-19 lockdown stagnation

While “avoiding stagnation” has been the mantra of building water experts, support for how this terminology is used is not overly convincing. Carefully nuanced COVID stagnation studies can improve water quality research and communication strategies.

Graphical abstract: Growth of Legionella during COVID-19 lockdown stagnation
Critical Review

Recent advances on gold and silver nanoparticle-based colorimetric strategies for the detection of different substances and SARS-CoV-2: a comprehensive review

Nanoparticle (NP)-based colorimetric methods are extensively used for the rapid detection of different substances and SARS-CoV-2 in various fields such as environmental science, virology, pollution research, food industry, as well as biomedicine.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances on gold and silver nanoparticle-based colorimetric strategies for the detection of different substances and SARS-CoV-2: a comprehensive review
Critical Review

Emerging investigators series: the source and fate of pandemic viruses in the urban water cycle

This review provides a comprehensive look at whether a pandemic enveloped virus would pose challenges for the wastewater and drinking water industries.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigators series: the source and fate of pandemic viruses in the urban water cycle
From the themed collection: Emerging Investigator Series
Communication

Nano-dry-salt deposition on electret nonwoven confers anticoronaviral effect while retaining aerosol filtration performance

Direct deposition of nano-dry-salt on nonwovens was developed as a process that can be incorporated into conventional nonwoven production for timely application of biosafe anticoronaviral surfaces and reliable aerosol filtration performance.

Graphical abstract: Nano-dry-salt deposition on electret nonwoven confers anticoronaviral effect while retaining aerosol filtration performance
From the themed collection: Environmental Remediation
Open Access Communication

Standardizing data reporting in the research community to enhance the utility of open data for SARS-CoV-2 wastewater surveillance

We propose a minimum set of meta-information to accompany the reporting of SARS-CoV-2 occurrence in wastewater for improved data interpretation.

Graphical abstract: Standardizing data reporting in the research community to enhance the utility of open data for SARS-CoV-2 wastewater surveillance
Open Access Communication

Aerosol presence reduces the diurnal temperature range: an interval when the COVID-19 pandemic reduced aerosols revealing the effect on climate

DTRs from February to June during the COVID-19 pandemic are greater than 3 standard deviations above the climatological mean DTR.

Graphical abstract: Aerosol presence reduces the diurnal temperature range: an interval when the COVID-19 pandemic reduced aerosols revealing the effect on climate
Communication

High-throughput wastewater analysis for substance use assessment in central New York during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wastewater analysis provides insights into population lifestyle and health status during the coronavirus pandemic.

Graphical abstract: High-throughput wastewater analysis for substance use assessment in central New York during the COVID-19 pandemic
Paper

Wiping conditions and fabric properties influenced the microfiber shedding from non-woven products

Microfibers released from the simulated daily wiping process of disposable wipes and masks were studied, with emphasis on the effects of wiping conditions and fabric properties.

Graphical abstract: Wiping conditions and fabric properties influenced the microfiber shedding from non-woven products
Paper

CRISPR/Cas12a-mediated electrochemiluminescence platform for environmental and human serum SARS-CoV-2 RNA monitoring using a self-enhanced ruthenium complex linked to zeolitic imidazole framework-8

Monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 RNA using self-enhancing ruthenium compounds attached to ZIF-8 and CRISPR–Cas12a trans-cleavage properties.

Graphical abstract: CRISPR/Cas12a-mediated electrochemiluminescence platform for environmental and human serum SARS-CoV-2 RNA monitoring using a self-enhanced ruthenium complex linked to zeolitic imidazole framework-8
Paper

Assessing residential indoor and outdoor bioaerosol characteristics using the ultraviolet light-induced fluorescence-based wideband integrated bioaerosol sensor

We assessed and compared indoor and outdoor residential aerosol particles in a third-floor apartment from August through September 2020.

Graphical abstract: Assessing residential indoor and outdoor bioaerosol characteristics using the ultraviolet light-induced fluorescence-based wideband integrated bioaerosol sensor
Paper

Microplastics interact with SARS-CoV-2 and facilitate host cell infection

SARS-CoV-2 binds to microplastics which facilitates viral host infection with enhanced inflammatory responses.

Graphical abstract: Microplastics interact with SARS-CoV-2 and facilitate host cell infection
Open Access Paper

Emerging investigator series: meta-analyses on SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA levels in wastewater and their correlations to epidemiological indicators

Recent applications of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) have demonstrated its ability to track the spread and dynamics of COVID-19 at the community level.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigator series: meta-analyses on SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA levels in wastewater and their correlations to epidemiological indicators
Paper

Removal of 26 corticosteroids, potential COVID-19 remedies, at environmentally relevant concentrations in water using UV/free chlorine, UV/monochloramine, and UV/hydrogen peroxide

Corticosteroids (CSs) with two double bonds in ring A are sensitive to UV. CSs were poorly removed by individual Cl2, NH2Cl, and H2O2 treatment. Combining UV with Cl2, NH2Cl, or H2O2 promoted UV-insensitive CS removal.

Graphical abstract: Removal of 26 corticosteroids, potential COVID-19 remedies, at environmentally relevant concentrations in water using UV/free chlorine, UV/monochloramine, and UV/hydrogen peroxide
Open Access Paper

Monitoring SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater during New York City's second wave of COVID-19: sewershed-level trends and relationships to publicly available clinical testing data

SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in New York City were significantly correlated with clinical case rates in corresponding sewersheds.

Graphical abstract: Monitoring SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater during New York City's second wave of COVID-19: sewershed-level trends and relationships to publicly available clinical testing data
Open Access Paper

SARS-CoV-2 RNA abundance in wastewater as a function of distinct urban sewershed size

SARS-CoV-2 community wastewater surveillance across a range of scales to establish optimal sampling strategies.

Graphical abstract: SARS-CoV-2 RNA abundance in wastewater as a function of distinct urban sewershed size
Open Access Paper

SARS-CoV-2 RNA is enriched by orders of magnitude in primary settled solids relative to liquid wastewater at publicly owned treatment works

We compared SARS-CoV-2 RNA concentrations in primary settled solids and raw wastewater samples matched in date to investigate the relationship between the two matrices.

Graphical abstract: SARS-CoV-2 RNA is enriched by orders of magnitude in primary settled solids relative to liquid wastewater at publicly owned treatment works
Paper

Modeling SARS-CoV-2 RNA degradation in small and large sewersheds

Hydrological model demonstrated a reduction in wastewater travel time by more than 60% when using a novel metric for placement of upstream samplers within a large sewershed, thus reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA degradation.

Graphical abstract: Modeling SARS-CoV-2 RNA degradation in small and large sewersheds
Paper

Exploring the entropy-driven amplification reaction and trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of an electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene in real samples and environmental surveillance

An ECL biosensor based on entropy-driven amplification and CRISPR-Cas12a shear for the detection of the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene in environmental surveillance was reported.

Graphical abstract: Exploring the entropy-driven amplification reaction and trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of an electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene in real samples and environmental surveillance
Open Access Paper

Speech-generated aerosol settling times and viral viability can improve COVID-19 transmission prediction

Speech generates droplets averaged 6 μm in size. Their settling time and SARS-CoV-2 viral viability inside those droplets, both calculated from temperature and relative humidity, predict COVID transmission rates within one-sigma interval.

Graphical abstract: Speech-generated aerosol settling times and viral viability can improve COVID-19 transmission prediction
Open Access Paper

Development of a rapid pre-concentration protocol and a magnetic beads-based RNA extraction method for SARS-CoV-2 detection in raw municipal wastewater

We demonstrate the application of a rapid pre-concentration protocol and a magnetic bead-based RNA extraction method for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA from raw wastewater without the need for extensive sample treatment.

Graphical abstract: Development of a rapid pre-concentration protocol and a magnetic beads-based RNA extraction method for SARS-CoV-2 detection in raw municipal wastewater
Paper

Building-level wastewater surveillance using tampon swabs and RT-LAMP for rapid SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection

This study evaluated a passive sampling and rapid LAMP detection of SARS-CoV-2 for near-source (i.e., building-level) wastewater based epidemiology applications.

Graphical abstract: Building-level wastewater surveillance using tampon swabs and RT-LAMP for rapid SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection
Paper

Long-term surveillance of wastewater SARS-CoV-2 in Los Angeles County

Temporal measurement of wastewater SARS-CoV-2 can be used to monitor the disease burden on multiple communities. Estimates of the Covid-19 infected population from wastewater SARS-CoV-2 data provide a complementary comparison to clinical data.

Graphical abstract: Long-term surveillance of wastewater SARS-CoV-2 in Los Angeles County
Paper

Importance of meteorology and chemistry in determining air pollutant levels during COVID-19 lockdown in Indian cities

Comparison of diurnally-average NOx pre- and during phase-I lockdown in two Indian cities. This work highlights that ambient levels post-lockdown were a complex interaction between emissions, meteorology, and chemistry.

Graphical abstract: Importance of meteorology and chemistry in determining air pollutant levels during COVID-19 lockdown in Indian cities
Paper

A case study on tap water quality in large buildings recommissioned after extended closure due to the COVID-19 pandemic

Extensive building closures due to the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic resulted in long-term water stagnation within the plumbing of large buildings.

Graphical abstract: A case study on tap water quality in large buildings recommissioned after extended closure due to the COVID-19 pandemic
Open Access Paper

A novel passive sampling approach for SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater in a Canadian province with low prevalence of COVID-19

A simple passive sampling protocol using cheesecloth and electronegative filters coupled with a Tween®20-based elution technique provided reliable detection of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater at targeted locations in a region of low COVID-19 prevalence.

Graphical abstract: A novel passive sampling approach for SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater in a Canadian province with low prevalence of COVID-19
Open Access Paper

Modeling the effect of reduced traffic due to COVID-19 measures on air quality using a chemical transport model: impacts on the Po Valley and the Swiss Plateau regions

Our results indicate that lockdown measures induced a mild increase in secondary organic aerosol (SOA) concentrations in areas with substantial reductions in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations, i.e. the “Greater Milan” area.

Graphical abstract: Modeling the effect of reduced traffic due to COVID-19 measures on air quality using a chemical transport model: impacts on the Po Valley and the Swiss Plateau regions
Open Access Paper

Emerging Investigator Series: COVID-19 lockdown effects on aerosol particle size distributions in northern Italy

Impact of lockdown measures on the air pollutants and particle number size distribution.

Graphical abstract: Emerging Investigator Series: COVID-19 lockdown effects on aerosol particle size distributions in northern Italy
Open Access Paper

Non-woven materials for cloth-based face masks inserts: relationship between material properties and sub-micron aerosol filtration

Sub-micron aerosol filtration of non-woven materials and fabric treatments were investigated. Select low-cost, readily available and easily cut non-woven materials were identified as suitable filter inserts for cloth-based masks.

Graphical abstract: Non-woven materials for cloth-based face masks inserts: relationship between material properties and sub-micron aerosol filtration
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Reproducibility and sensitivity of 36 methods to quantify the SARS-CoV-2 genetic signal in raw wastewater: findings from an interlaboratory methods evaluation in the U.S.

The reproducibility and sensitivity of 36 methods for quantifying the genetic signal of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater was evaluated in a nationwide interlaboratory assessment in the U.S.

Graphical abstract: Reproducibility and sensitivity of 36 methods to quantify the SARS-CoV-2 genetic signal in raw wastewater: findings from an interlaboratory methods evaluation in the U.S.
Paper

COVID-19 lockdowns induced land surface temperature variability in mega urban agglomerations in India

Reduced anthropogenic activities during COVID-19 lockdowns improved air quality and dampened LST in highly populated and polluted Indian megacities.

Graphical abstract: COVID-19 lockdowns induced land surface temperature variability in mega urban agglomerations in India
Paper

Characterization of a commercially-available, low-pressure UV lamp as a disinfection system for decontamination of common nosocomial pathogens on N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) material

A commercially-available UV disinfection system used for hospital room disinfection was characterized and used for N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) material disinfection.

Graphical abstract: Characterization of a commercially-available, low-pressure UV lamp as a disinfection system for decontamination of common nosocomial pathogens on N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) material
35 items

About this collection

The coronavirus pandemic has shaken the world, and the role of environmental scientists, modelers, and engineers, will be integral towards developing sustainable solutions for tackling COVID-19. Knowledge and appreciation of the environmental context is central to understanding transmission of the disease, and we wish to highlight the important steps that the environmental science community is taking to address the global situation.

Read more Royal Society of Chemistry articles on coronavirus research in this free collection: www.rsc.li/covid_articles.

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