Themed collection Recent Open Access Articles

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Open Access Perspective

Addressing energy storage needs at lower cost via on-site thermal energy storage in buildings

Energy storage needs to support commercial and residential buildings in the U.S. in 2050 for various 100% renewable energy scenarios.

Graphical abstract: Addressing energy storage needs at lower cost via on-site thermal energy storage in buildings
Open Access Perspective

Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes

Perspective on recent improvements in experiment and theory towards realizing lithium metal electrodes with liquid electrolytes.

Graphical abstract: Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes
Open Access Perspective

Towards circular carbo-chemicals – the metamorphosis of petrochemicals

The petrochemical industry must transition into a circular carbo-chemical industry to respond to three main challenges: shifting hydrocarbon stock, climate change and circular economy.

Graphical abstract: Towards circular carbo-chemicals – the metamorphosis of petrochemicals
Open Access Perspective

Durability of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers

Understanding the durability-limiting factors of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers operating under pure water-, KOH- and K2CO3-fed conditions.

Graphical abstract: Durability of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers
Open Access Perspective

Enabling large-scale hydrogen storage in porous media – the scientific challenges

This article identifies and discusses the scientific challenges of hydrogen storage in porous media for safe and efficient large-scale energy storage to enable a global hydrogen economy.

Graphical abstract: Enabling large-scale hydrogen storage in porous media – the scientific challenges
Open Access Perspective

Durability challenges of anion exchange membrane fuel cells

This perspective provides information on durability challenges and future actions of anion exchange membrane fuel cells.

Graphical abstract: Durability challenges of anion exchange membrane fuel cells
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

Challenges and opportunities for an efficiency boost of next generation Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells: prospects for a paradigm shift

A perspective on some strategies to trigger new developments for the next generation of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells is presented.

Graphical abstract: Challenges and opportunities for an efficiency boost of next generation Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells: prospects for a paradigm shift
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

The relative insignificance of advanced materials in enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination technologies

We reveal the insignificance of advanced materials in further enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination and suggest more impactful approaches.

Graphical abstract: The relative insignificance of advanced materials in enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination technologies
Open Access Perspective

Chemical looping beyond combustion – a perspective

Facilitated by redox catalysts capable of catalytic reactions and reactive separation, chemical looping offers exciting opportunities for intensified chemical production.

Graphical abstract: Chemical looping beyond combustion – a perspective
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Efficiency gains for thermally coupled solar hydrogen production in extreme cold

We analyse the potential of solar hydrogen production in remote and cold world regions such as Antarctica and quantify the efficiency benefits of thermal coupling.

Graphical abstract: Efficiency gains for thermally coupled solar hydrogen production in extreme cold
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Ligand-bridged charge extraction and enhanced quantum efficiency enable efficient n–i–p perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells

27%-efficient perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells are achieved in n–i–p configuration by developing novel electron and hole selective contacts, which combine high broadband transparency with efficient charge extraction.

Graphical abstract: Ligand-bridged charge extraction and enhanced quantum efficiency enable efficient n–i–p perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

22.8%-Efficient single-crystal mixed-cation inverted perovskite solar cells with a near-optimal bandgap

A mixed-cation single-crystal lead-halide perovskite absorber layer was utilized to construct 22.8%-efficient solar cells with an expanded near infrared response that approaches the ideal bandgap range (1.1–1.4 eV) for single-junction solar cells.

Graphical abstract: 22.8%-Efficient single-crystal mixed-cation inverted perovskite solar cells with a near-optimal bandgap
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Solar-driven ionic power generation via a film of nanocellulose @ conductive metal–organic framework

The new technology of “solar-driven ionic power generation” based on ionic thermophoresis and electrokinetic effects could convert solar energy into electricity by using a film of nanocellulose @ conductive metal–organic framework.

Graphical abstract: Solar-driven ionic power generation via a film of nanocellulose @ conductive metal–organic framework
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Low energy intensity production of fuel-grade bio-butanol enabled by membrane-based extraction

Innovative membrane-based extraction system tailoring affinity-driven separation enables continuous biodiesel production with high productivity and low energy consumption.

Graphical abstract: Low energy intensity production of fuel-grade bio-butanol enabled by membrane-based extraction
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Expression of interfacial Seebeck coefficient through grain boundary engineering with multi-layer graphene nanoplatelets

Expression of energy filtering to boost thermoelectric performance through grain boundary engineering utilising graphene.

Graphical abstract: Expression of interfacial Seebeck coefficient through grain boundary engineering with multi-layer graphene nanoplatelets
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

High carbonate ion conductance of a robust PiperION membrane allows industrial current density and conversion in a zero-gap carbon dioxide electrolyzer cell

A new anion exchange membrane (PiperION) in conjunction with a tailored zero-gap electrolyzer cell allows unprecedented partial current densities.

Graphical abstract: High carbonate ion conductance of a robust PiperION membrane allows industrial current density and conversion in a zero-gap carbon dioxide electrolyzer cell
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Understanding the nature of the passivation layer enabling reversible calcium plating

As for other multivalent systems, the interface between the calcium (Ca) metal anode and the electrolyte is of paramount importance for reversible plating/stripping.

Graphical abstract: Understanding the nature of the passivation layer enabling reversible calcium plating
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Promoted oxygen reduction kinetics on nitrogen-doped hierarchically porous carbon by engineering proton-feeding centers

We demonstrate the important role of the water dissociation process in proton-feeding and enhancing ORR kinetics under an alkaline environment.

Graphical abstract: Promoted oxygen reduction kinetics on nitrogen-doped hierarchically porous carbon by engineering proton-feeding centers
Open Access Communication

Exceptionally low charge trapping enables highly efficient organic bulk heterojunction solar cells

In this study, we investigate the underlying origin of the high performance of PM6:Y6 organic solar cells.

Graphical abstract: Exceptionally low charge trapping enables highly efficient organic bulk heterojunction solar cells
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Photo-rechargeable zinc-ion batteries

This paper presents a zinc-ion battery that can be recharged directly by light without the need for a solar cell, which offers a new approach to balancing the unpredictable energy surpluses and deficits associated with solar energy.

Graphical abstract: Photo-rechargeable zinc-ion batteries
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Efficient direct seawater electrolysers using selective alkaline NiFe-LDH as OER catalyst in asymmetric electrolyte feeds

Increasing the performance of seawater electrolyser and enabling direct natural seawater feed by asymmetric electrolyte flow scheme.

Graphical abstract: Efficient direct seawater electrolysers using selective alkaline NiFe-LDH as OER catalyst in asymmetric electrolyte feeds
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Mg3(Bi,Sb)2 single crystals towards high thermoelectric performance

Ternary Mg3(Bi,Sb)2 single crystals showing high thermoelectric performance are for the first time grown by the Mg flux method.

Graphical abstract: Mg3(Bi,Sb)2 single crystals towards high thermoelectric performance
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Communication

Ultrahigh-efficiency desalination via a thermally-localized multistage solar still

Passive vapor generation systems combining interfacial solar heating and vaporization enthalpy recycling enable high-efficient low-cost desalination.

Graphical abstract: Ultrahigh-efficiency desalination via a thermally-localized multistage solar still
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Nanoscale interfacial engineering enables highly stable and efficient perovskite photovoltaics

The molecular level interface engineering with a multifunctional ligand 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic acid suppresses interfacial ion diffusion and inhibits I2 formation, which leads to high operational stability with T80 of 3570 h along with PCE of 23.4%.

Graphical abstract: Nanoscale interfacial engineering enables highly stable and efficient perovskite photovoltaics
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Solvent-controlled O2 diffusion enables air-tolerant solar hydrogen generation

Oxygen-tolerant photocatalytic H2 evolution with O2-intolerant photocatalysts is achieved by designing solvents with low O2 diffusivity.

Graphical abstract: Solvent-controlled O2 diffusion enables air-tolerant solar hydrogen generation
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

High-performance PVDF membranes prepared by the combined crystallisation and diffusion (CCD) method using a dual-casting technique: a breakthrough for water treatment applications

Application of a novel but simple dual-layer casting approach to the newly discovered CCD method for membrane fabrication improves the water permeance by 15 times while still maintaining the separation pore sizes.

Graphical abstract: High-performance PVDF membranes prepared by the combined crystallisation and diffusion (CCD) method using a dual-casting technique: a breakthrough for water treatment applications
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

The impact of binary water–CO2 isotherm models on the optimal performance of sorbent-based direct air capture processes

We outline mathematical descriptions of H2O–CO2 co-adsorption on an amine-functionalised solid sorbent and support this with experimental data. We then show what impact this has on a solid sorbent based direct air capture process.

Graphical abstract: The impact of binary water–CO2 isotherm models on the optimal performance of sorbent-based direct air capture processes
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Abnormal spatial heterogeneity governing the charge-carrier mechanism in efficient Ruddlesden–Popper perovskite solar cells

In the operando solar cell using Ruddlesden–Popper perovskite (RPP), we visualize an abnormal heterogeneity ranging from the lateral long-range to local sub-grain scale with a unitary 2D/3D hybrid, closely correlating to the charge-carrier dynamics.

Graphical abstract: Abnormal spatial heterogeneity governing the charge-carrier mechanism in efficient Ruddlesden–Popper perovskite solar cells
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Integrated mechanistic engineering models and macroeconomic input–output approach to model physical economy for evaluating the impact of transition to a circular economy

A novel method to standardize and automate material flow/waste mapping in economies by integrating mechanistic engineering models and macroeconomic framework is proposed for identifying pathways to transition towards low carbon/zero waste economy.

Graphical abstract: Integrated mechanistic engineering models and macroeconomic input–output approach to model physical economy for evaluating the impact of transition to a circular economy
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Additive stabilization of SEI on graphite observed using cryo-electron microscopy

Cryo-electron microscopy study finds that EC-based electrolyte can exfoliate the graphite surface and destabilize the SEI. Useful additives including FEC, DTD, TPP, and VC can form a stable SEI to protect the graphite anode.

Graphical abstract: Additive stabilization of SEI on graphite observed using cryo-electron microscopy
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Solid–electrolyte-interphase design in constrained ensemble for solid-state batteries

All-solid-state battery is fundamentally different from liquid electrolyte batteries. To design interface stabilities, the solid system must be described by the constrained thermodynamic ensemble rather than the conventional unconstrained ensemble.

Graphical abstract: Solid–electrolyte-interphase design in constrained ensemble for solid-state batteries
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Concentrated dual-cation electrolyte strategy for aqueous zinc-ion batteries

A dual-cation concentrated electrolyte has been developed to enable a stable Zn anode and a vanadium-oxide-based cathode for efficient aqueous Zn-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Concentrated dual-cation electrolyte strategy for aqueous zinc-ion batteries
Open Access Paper

Two-photon, visible light water splitting at a molecular ruthenium complex

A new mechanism for light-driven water splitting is described, which decreases the reaction's complexity and offers a new way to extend the range of usable wavelengths far into the visible region.

Graphical abstract: Two-photon, visible light water splitting at a molecular ruthenium complex
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Linking multi-scale 3D microstructure to potential enhanced natural gas recovery and subsurface CO2 storage for Bowland shale, UK

This paper quantitatively characterises the microstructure in shales across five scales in 3D, builds a multi-scale model of CH4 and CO2 flow pathways and storage, and assesses the potential of enhanced gas recovery and CO2 storage simultaneously.

Graphical abstract: Linking multi-scale 3D microstructure to potential enhanced natural gas recovery and subsurface CO2 storage for Bowland shale, UK
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Probing fundamental losses in nanostructured Ta3N5 photoanodes: design principles for efficient water oxidation

Detailed numerical simulations are performed to probe performance loss mechanisms and limiting parameters of Ta3N5-NRs based photoanodes. Device modelling enables the development of design strategies to realize efficient solar water oxidation.

Graphical abstract: Probing fundamental losses in nanostructured Ta3N5 photoanodes: design principles for efficient water oxidation
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Delivering low-carbon electricity systems in sub-Saharan Africa: insights from Nigeria

Renewable energy alone is unable to deliver universal energy access and the Paris Agreement cheaply in sub-Saharan Africa. Both fossil fuels and renewables are needed to ensure energy equity and affordability alongside climate change mitigation.

Graphical abstract: Delivering low-carbon electricity systems in sub-Saharan Africa: insights from Nigeria
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Tuning metal single atoms embedded in NxCy moieties toward high-performance electrocatalysis

High-performance 3d–5d transition metal single atom electrocatalysts ligated by various –NxCy moieties of N-doped graphene are investigated for hydrogen evolution and oxygen evolution/reduction reactions using high-throughput computational screening and machine learning.

Graphical abstract: Tuning metal single atoms embedded in NxCy moieties toward high-performance electrocatalysis
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Designing efficient spin Seebeck-based thermoelectric devices via simultaneous optimization of bulk and interface properties

We describe two strategies to enhance the thermoelectric conversion efficiency of spin Seebeck devices and demonstrate a simultaneous realization of them via a simple heat treatment scheme.

Graphical abstract: Designing efficient spin Seebeck-based thermoelectric devices via simultaneous optimization of bulk and interface properties
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

A material catalogue with glass-like thermal conductivity mediated by crystallographic occupancy for thermoelectric application

We proposed a new crystallographic parameter, namely the site occupancy factor, as an effective indicator to discover a material catalogue with low lattice thermal conductivity for thermoelectric application.

Graphical abstract: A material catalogue with glass-like thermal conductivity mediated by crystallographic occupancy for thermoelectric application
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Charting lattice thermal conductivity for inorganic crystals and discovering rare earth chalcogenides for thermoelectrics

Charting and understanding lattice thermal conductivity of inorganic materials and discovery of REX materials for thermoelectrics.

Graphical abstract: Charting lattice thermal conductivity for inorganic crystals and discovering rare earth chalcogenides for thermoelectrics
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Assessment of carbon dioxide removal potential via BECCS in a carbon-neutral Europe

The European technical potential for biogenic carbon dioxide removal is assessed considering seven different BECCS configurations that do not require purpose-grown bio-energy plantations.

Graphical abstract: Assessment of carbon dioxide removal potential via BECCS in a carbon-neutral Europe
Open Access Paper

Continuous electrical pumping membrane process for seawater lithium mining

Lithium was enriched up to 10 000 ppm from seawater by a continuous electrical pumping membrane process and collected as battery-grade product by simple precipitation.

Graphical abstract: Continuous electrical pumping membrane process for seawater lithium mining
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Specific carbon/iodide interactions in electrochemical capacitors monitored by EQCM technique

This paper reports on the ion fluxes at the interfaces of various porous carbon electrodes/aqueous solutions of alkali metal cations (Na+, K+ and Rb+) and iodide anions, monitored by an electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM).

Graphical abstract: Specific carbon/iodide interactions in electrochemical capacitors monitored by EQCM technique
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Time series analysis and long short-term memory (LSTM) network prediction of BPV current density

LSTM networks are shown to predict the seasonal component of biophotovoltaic current density and photoresponse to high accuracy.

Graphical abstract: Time series analysis and long short-term memory (LSTM) network prediction of BPV current density
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Towards controlling the reversibility of anionic redox in transition metal oxides for high-energy Li-ion positive electrodes

Transition metal d-states and oxygen p-states overlap and oxygen lattice integrity dictates the oxygen redox reversibility in metal substituted Li2RuO3 positive electrodes for Li-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Towards controlling the reversibility of anionic redox in transition metal oxides for high-energy Li-ion positive electrodes
Open Access Paper

Cation ordered Ni-rich layered cathode for ultra-long battery life

The observed ultra-long battery life of 8000 cycles demonstrated by the Ni-rich compositionally graded NCM cathode stems mainly from the cation ordered structure.

Graphical abstract: Cation ordered Ni-rich layered cathode for ultra-long battery life
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Tuning halide perovskite energy levels

Tuning the energy levels of halide perovskite by controlling the deposition of dipolar self-assembled monolayers.

Graphical abstract: Tuning halide perovskite energy levels
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Predicting the photocurrent–composition dependence in organic solar cells

High-throughput experimental screening and machine-learning algorithms are implemented in a synergic workflow to predict the photocurrent phase space of organic photovoltaic blends. We identify accurate models employing only the materials band gaps.

Graphical abstract: Predicting the photocurrent–composition dependence in organic solar cells
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Post-combustion emissions control in aero-gas turbine engines

Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from aircraft cause air quality degradation and climate change. Use of ultra-low sulfur fuel along with post-combustion emissions control results in a net benefit of 304 USD per metric tonne of jet fuel burned.

Graphical abstract: Post-combustion emissions control in aero-gas turbine engines
Open Access Paper

Unveiling the phonon scattering mechanisms in half-Heusler thermoelectric compounds

Charge-compensation-induced Frenkel defects were proven as the major reason for phonon scattering of p-type half-Heusler ZrCoSb.

Graphical abstract: Unveiling the phonon scattering mechanisms in half-Heusler thermoelectric compounds
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

In situ observation of pH change during water splitting in neutral pH conditions: impact of natural convection driven by buoyancy effects

Buoyancy-driven natural convection stabilizes the pH and reduces overpotentials during water splitting, both in near-neutral pH unbuffered and buffered solutions.

Graphical abstract: In situ observation of pH change during water splitting in neutral pH conditions: impact of natural convection driven by buoyancy effects
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

4 V room-temperature all-solid-state sodium battery enabled by a passivating cathode/hydroborate solid electrolyte interface

A self-passivating cathode/electrolyte interface achieves stable, room-temperature long-term cycling of 4 V-class Na3(VOPO4)2F|Na4(CB11H12)2(B12H12)|Na all-solid-state sodium batteries with the highest reported discharge cell voltage and cathode-based specific energy.

Graphical abstract: 4 V room-temperature all-solid-state sodium battery enabled by a passivating cathode/hydroborate solid electrolyte interface
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Ultra-rapid uptake and the highly stable storage of methane as combustible ice

Solidified natural gas (SNG) storage via combustible ice or clathrate hydrates presents an economically sound prospect, promising high volume density, and safe long-term storage.

Graphical abstract: Ultra-rapid uptake and the highly stable storage of methane as combustible ice
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Over 14% efficiency all-polymer solar cells enabled by a low bandgap polymer acceptor with low energy loss and efficient charge separation

A low bandgap polymer acceptor PF5-Y5 was synthesized and its all-PSCs achieved an impressive device efficiency of 14.45% with both high Voc and Jsc due to the excellent absorption coverage, small energy loss, and efficient charge separation.

Graphical abstract: Over 14% efficiency all-polymer solar cells enabled by a low bandgap polymer acceptor with low energy loss and efficient charge separation
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

All ceramic cathode composite design and manufacturing towards low interfacial resistance for garnet-based solid-state lithium batteries

Solution-assisted all-oxide-cathode formation method allows reduction of processing temperature without using sintering additives, demonstrating the lowest interfacial impedance in garnet-based solid-state lithium batteries.

Graphical abstract: All ceramic cathode composite design and manufacturing towards low interfacial resistance for garnet-based solid-state lithium batteries
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Environmental impacts of III–V/silicon photovoltaics: life cycle assessment and guidance for sustainable manufacturing

By requiring less materials, multijunction III–V/silicon photovoltaic cells may further reduce the life cycle environmental impacts of solar PV.

Graphical abstract: Environmental impacts of III–V/silicon photovoltaics: life cycle assessment and guidance for sustainable manufacturing
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

What is needed to deliver carbon-neutral heat using hydrogen and CCS?

A spatio-temporal systems-based assessment of the conversion of a natural gas-based heating network to H2 is presented in this paper.

Graphical abstract: What is needed to deliver carbon-neutral heat using hydrogen and CCS?
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Anisotropic carrier diffusion in single MAPbI3 grains correlates to their twin domains

The anisotropic charge carrier diffusion coupled to ferroelastic twin domains in methylammonium lead iodide opens possibilities for further optimization of perovskite solar cells and optoelectronic devices via strain engineering and heat treatments.

Graphical abstract: Anisotropic carrier diffusion in single MAPbI3 grains correlates to their twin domains
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

High energy density anodes using hybrid Li intercalation and plating mechanisms on natural graphite

A novel Li-Ion battery anode is presented which leverages the good performance of industrial graphite anodes and enhances their performance by allowing for reversible Li plating on their surface.

Graphical abstract: High energy density anodes using hybrid Li intercalation and plating mechanisms on natural graphite
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Framework for evaluating the performance limits of membraneless electrolyzers

A framework is demonstrated to explore the performance limits and investigate the trade-offs between key performance metrics for membraneless electrolyzers.

Graphical abstract: Framework for evaluating the performance limits of membraneless electrolyzers
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Solar passive distiller with high productivity and Marangoni effect-driven salt rejection

The Marangoni effect (associated to salt concentration gradient) is found having an important role to enhance the salt rejection process in passive desalination technologies.

Graphical abstract: Solar passive distiller with high productivity and Marangoni effect-driven salt rejection
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Understanding the formation of bulk- and surface-active layered (oxy)hydroxides for water oxidation starting from a cobalt selenite precursor

Starting from a cobalt selenite precatalyst, we obtained a bulk and a near-surface active oxygen evolution catalyst and connected their structural properties to the precatalyst structure, the transformation conditions, and the catalytic activity.

Graphical abstract: Understanding the formation of bulk- and surface-active layered (oxy)hydroxides for water oxidation starting from a cobalt selenite precursor
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Synchrotron X-ray quantitative evaluation of transient deformation and damage phenomena in a single nickel-rich cathode particle

Operando synchrotron XRD and in situ ptycho-tomography of single NMC811 particle revealed the correlation between lattice strain and degradation.

Graphical abstract: Synchrotron X-ray quantitative evaluation of transient deformation and damage phenomena in a single nickel-rich cathode particle
Open Access Paper

Assessing the defect tolerance of kesterite-inspired solar absorbers

Band tails and defect tolerance in various I2–II–IV–V4 photovoltaic materials can be predicted using computationally-accessible properties and chemical intuition.

Graphical abstract: Assessing the defect tolerance of kesterite-inspired solar absorbers
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Selective CO production from aqueous CO2 using a Cu96In4 catalyst and its integration into a bias-free solar perovskite–BiVO4 tandem device

Porous dendritic copper–indium metal alloy foam catalysts are interfaced with a perovskite‖BiVO4 tandem device for solar CO2-to-CO conversion under bias-free conditions using water as an electron donor.

Graphical abstract: Selective CO production from aqueous CO2 using a Cu96In4 catalyst and its integration into a bias-free solar perovskite–BiVO4 tandem device
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

A revised mechanistic model for sodium insertion in hard carbons

Sodium filling inside hard carbon pores demonstrates increasingly metallic character with increasing pore size.

Graphical abstract: A revised mechanistic model for sodium insertion in hard carbons
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Superior energy density through tailored dopant strategies in multilayer ceramic capacitors

Tailored dopant strategies are proposed to optimise the energy density of BiFeO3–SrTiO3, which can be adapted for other high polarisability oxide-based systems.

Graphical abstract: Superior energy density through tailored dopant strategies in multilayer ceramic capacitors
Open Access Paper

Copper-bottomed: electrochemically active bacteria exploit conductive sulphide networks for enhanced electrogeneity

Copper sulphides are shown to act as a conductive matrix improving the electrogenic performance of Geobacter dominated biofilms.

Graphical abstract: Copper-bottomed: electrochemically active bacteria exploit conductive sulphide networks for enhanced electrogeneity
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

The carbon footprint of the carbon feedstock CO2

This paper reviews methodological approaches for determining the carbon footprint of captured CO2 as carbon feedstock, and shows why some approaches lead to suboptimal choices of CO2 sources and that increased consistency in life cycle assessment (LCA) studies on CCU is needed.

Graphical abstract: The carbon footprint of the carbon feedstock CO2
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Predictable and targeted activation of biomass to carbons with high surface area density and enhanced methane storage capacity

The O/C atomic ratio of biomass-derived carbonaceous matter is a universal predictor of porosity and packing density, and enables predictable synthesis of activated carbons that have high methane storage of 222 cm3 (STP) cm−3 at 25 oC and 35 bar.

Graphical abstract: Predictable and targeted activation of biomass to carbons with high surface area density and enhanced methane storage capacity
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
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