Durability challenges of anion exchange membrane fuel cells
This perspective provides information on durability challenges and future actions of anion exchange membrane fuel cells.
Challenges and opportunities for an efficiency boost of next generation Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells: prospects for a paradigm shift
A perspective on some strategies to trigger new developments for the next generation of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells is presented.
The relative insignificance of advanced materials in enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination technologies
We reveal the insignificance of advanced materials in further enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination and suggest more impactful approaches.
Chemical looping beyond combustion – a perspective
Facilitated by redox catalysts capable of catalytic reactions and reactive separation, chemical looping offers exciting opportunities for intensified chemical production.
Understanding the nature of the passivation layer enabling reversible calcium plating
As for other multivalent systems, the interface between the calcium (Ca) metal anode and the electrolyte is of paramount importance for reversible plating/stripping.
Promoted oxygen reduction kinetics on nitrogen-doped hierarchically porous carbon by engineering proton-feeding centers
We demonstrate the important role of the water dissociation process in proton-feeding and enhancing ORR kinetics under an alkaline environment.
Exceptionally low charge trapping enables highly efficient organic bulk heterojunction solar cells
In this study, we investigate the underlying origin of the high performance of PM6:Y6 organic solar cells.
Photo-rechargeable zinc-ion batteries
This paper presents a zinc-ion battery that can be recharged directly by light without the need for a solar cell, which offers a new approach to balancing the unpredictable energy surpluses and deficits associated with solar energy.
Efficient direct seawater electrolysers using selective alkaline NiFe-LDH as OER catalyst in asymmetric electrolyte feeds
Increasing the performance of seawater electrolyser and enabling direct natural seawater feed by asymmetric electrolyte flow scheme.
Mg3(Bi,Sb)2 single crystals towards high thermoelectric performance
Ternary Mg3(Bi,Sb)2 single crystals showing high thermoelectric performance are for the first time grown by the Mg flux method.
Ultrahigh-efficiency desalination via a thermally-localized multistage solar still
Passive vapor generation systems combining interfacial solar heating and vaporization enthalpy recycling enable high-efficient low-cost desalination.
High energy density anodes using hybrid Li intercalation and plating mechanisms on natural graphite
A novel Li-Ion battery anode is presented which leverages the good performance of industrial graphite anodes and enhances their performance by allowing for reversible Li plating on their surface.
Framework for evaluating the performance limits of membraneless electrolyzers
A framework is demonstrated to explore the performance limits and investigate the trade-offs between key performance metrics for membraneless electrolyzers.
Solar passive distiller with high productivity and Marangoni effect-driven salt rejection
The Marangoni effect (associated to salt concentration gradient) is found having an important role to enhance the salt rejection process in passive desalination technologies.
Understanding the formation of bulk- and surface-active layered (oxy)hydroxides for water oxidation starting from a cobalt selenite precursor
Starting from a cobalt selenite precatalyst, we obtained a bulk and a near-surface active oxygen evolution catalyst and connected their structural properties to the precatalyst structure, the transformation conditions, and the catalytic activity.
Synchrotron X-ray quantitative evaluation of transient deformation and damage phenomena in a single nickel-rich cathode particle
Operando synchrotron XRD and in situ ptycho-tomography of single NMC811 particle revealed the correlation between lattice strain and degradation.
Assessing the defect tolerance of kesterite-inspired solar absorbers
Band tails and defect tolerance in various I2–II–IV–V4 photovoltaic materials can be predicted using computationally-accessible properties and chemical intuition.
Selective CO production from aqueous CO2 using a Cu96In4 catalyst and its integration into a bias-free solar perovskite–BiVO4 tandem device
Porous dendritic copper–indium metal alloy foam catalysts are interfaced with a perovskite‖BiVO4 tandem device for solar CO2-to-CO conversion under bias-free conditions using water as an electron donor.
Superior energy density through tailored dopant strategies in multilayer ceramic capacitors
Tailored dopant strategies are proposed to optimise the energy density of BiFeO3–SrTiO3, which can be adapted for other high polarisability oxide-based systems.
Copper-bottomed: electrochemically active bacteria exploit conductive sulphide networks for enhanced electrogeneity
Copper sulphides are shown to act as a conductive matrix improving the electrogenic performance of Geobacter dominated biofilms.
The carbon footprint of the carbon feedstock CO2
This paper reviews methodological approaches for determining the carbon footprint of captured CO2 as carbon feedstock, and shows why some approaches lead to suboptimal choices of CO2 sources and that increased consistency in life cycle assessment (LCA) studies on CCU is needed.
Predictable and targeted activation of biomass to carbons with high surface area density and enhanced methane storage capacity
The O/C atomic ratio of biomass-derived carbonaceous matter is a universal predictor of porosity and packing density, and enables predictable synthesis of activated carbons that have high methane storage of 222 cm3 (STP) cm−3 at 25 oC and 35 bar.
Techno-economic viability of islanded green ammonia as a carbon-free energy vector and as a substitute for conventional production
Evaluation of islanded green ammonia production's economic viability at 534 locations worldwide showing competitiveness by 2030.
Alkoxy-functionalized ionic liquid electrolytes: understanding ionic coordination of calcium ion speciation for the rational design of calcium electrolytes
The proof-of-concept demonstration of a rechargeable Ca/V2O5 cell is given, taking advantage of an alkoxy-functionalized ionic liquid-based electrolyte enabling the displacement of the anions from the coordination of the Ca2+ cations.
Spatial dynamics of lithiation and lithium plating during high-rate operation of graphite electrodes
Favorable conditions for lithium plating on graphite electrodes occur at high charge rates, causing accelerated degradation and safety concerns. A detailed map of lithiation and lithium plating dyamics is presented.
Establishing reactivity descriptors for platinum group metal (PGM)-free Fe–N–C catalysts for PEM fuel cells
Establishing new reactivity map descriptor of TOF–SD for PGM-free Fe–N–C catalysts ORR activity.
Thermally regenerative copper nanoslurry flow batteries for heat-to-power conversion with low-grade thermal energy
Thermally charging all-copper batteries with high cell voltage and output power enabling heat-to-power conversion and storage.
A scaling law to determine phase morphologies during ion intercalation
A scaling law, based on the coarsening of the slowest phase, determines the morphologies of phase separating intercalation materials.
Gradient-morph LiCoO2 single crystals with stabilized energy density above 3400 W h L−1
An integral LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 shell completely wets ∼10 μm LiCoO2 single crystals to cut off global oxygen migration and enables >4.6 V cycling.
Low carbon strategies for sustainable bio-alkane gas production and renewable energy
Strategy for bio-alkane gas (propane and butane) production through the conversion of waste volatile fatty acids by bacterial cultures.
High-performance fuel cell designed for coking-resistance and efficient conversion of waste methane to electrical energy
A novel micro-monolithic fuel cell converts low-grade methane efficiently to clean electrical energy.
Side-chain tuning in conjugated polymer photocatalysts for improved hydrogen production from water
Structure–property–activity relationships in solution processable polymer photocatalysts for hydrogen production from water were probed by varying the chemical structure of both the polymer side-chains and the polymer backbone.
Dendritic silver self-assembly in molten-carbonate membranes for efficient carbon dioxide capture
Self-assembling Ag dendritic networks provide ultrahigh CO2 permeability, whilst reducing membrane-volume-normalised Ag demand by an order of magnitude.
Multiorbital bond formation for stable oxygen-redox reaction in battery electrodes
Nonbonding oxygen 2p orbitals during oxygen-redox reaction are monitored using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS).
Visualizing morphological principles for efficient photocurrent generation in organic non-fullerene acceptor blends
Analytical electron microscopy reveals local molecular arrangements of PBDB-T:ITIC determining performance of current organic solar cells.
MEDEAS: a new modeling framework integrating global biophysical and socioeconomic constraints
Description of the open-source MEDEAS integrated assessment modeling framework, which focuses on the biophysical and economic dimensions, restrictions and interactions arising during energy transitions.
Exploring new sources of efficiency in process-driven materials screening for post-combustion carbon capture
Investigation of adsorbents maximum theoretical performance, computational efficiency of multiscale screening workflows, and consistency of materials rankings for CO2 capture.
Chloride transport in conductive polymer films for an n-type thermoelectric platform
Cl− transport in a conductive polymer (CP) film was demonstrated for n-type thermoelectric (TE) harvesting.
Self-operating transpiration-driven electrokinetic power generator with an artificial hydrological cycle
The artificial hydrological cycle built by using deliquescent calcium chloride enables self-operation of a transpiration-driven electrokinetic power generator.
A universal solution processed interfacial bilayer enabling ohmic contact in organic and hybrid optoelectronic devices
A bilayer of Nb-TiO2 and bathocuproine forms a highly ohmic contact between a wide variety of semiconducting materials and metal electrodes. This enables performance and stability improvements in a range of electronic devices.
FSI-inspired solvent and “full fluorosulfonyl” electrolyte for 4 V class lithium-metal batteries
A new “full fluorosulfonyl” (FFS) electrolyte is developed for highly reversible 4 V class lithium-metal batteries (LMBs).
Revealing electrolyte oxidation via carbonate dehydrogenation on Ni-based oxides in Li-ion batteries by in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Carbonate oxidation via dehydrogenation on LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 at voltages as low as 3.8 VLi was revealed by in situ FT-IR measurements.
About this collection
Please see below for recent Open Access papers published in Energy & Environmental Science.