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Themed collection Celebrating the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

29 items
Opinion

Electrochemical energy storage in a sustainable modern society

Oxide/polymer separator membranes allow alternative strategies for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries storing electrical energy for the grid.

Graphical abstract: Electrochemical energy storage in a sustainable modern society
Perspective

Room-temperature liquid metal and alloy systems for energy storage applications

Liquid metals and alloy systems that feature inherent deformability, high electronic conductivity, and superior electrochemical properties have enabled further development of next-generation energy storage devices.

Graphical abstract: Room-temperature liquid metal and alloy systems for energy storage applications
Perspective

Inorganic nanomaterials for batteries

The availability of inorganic materials at the nano-dimension opens up opportunities for advanced battery designs and architectures. However, such materials must be chosen carefully to avoid deleterious side-reactions.

Graphical abstract: Inorganic nanomaterials for batteries
From the themed collection: Nanomaterials for alternative energy sources
Frontier

Batteries for electric road vehicles

The dependence of modern society on the energy stored in a fossil fuel is not sustainable.

Graphical abstract: Batteries for electric road vehicles
From the themed collection: 2018 Frontier and Perspective articles
Feature Article

What can we learn about battery materials from their magnetic properties?

Magnetic studies help better understand battery materials.

Graphical abstract: What can we learn about battery materials from their magnetic properties?
From the themed collection: Advanced Materials for Lithium Batteries
Feature Article

Some transition metal (oxy)phosphates and vanadium oxides for lithium batteries

These electrochemically active phosphate tunnel structures, with one-dimensional lithium diffusion and different magnetic properties, are prime candidates for lithium batteries.

Graphical abstract: Some transition metal (oxy)phosphates and vanadium oxides for lithium batteries
Review Article

A chemistry and material perspective on lithium redox flow batteries towards high-density electrical energy storage

This review summarizes the latest advances and challenges from a chemistry and material perspective on Li-redox flow batteries that combine the synergistic features of Li-ion batteries and redox flow batteries towards large-scale high-density energy storage systems.

Graphical abstract: A chemistry and material perspective on lithium redox flow batteries towards high-density electrical energy storage
Review Article

Spinel materials for high-voltage cathodes in Li-ion batteries

The success of lithium-ion batteries in small-scale applications translates to large-scale applications, with an important impact in the future of the environment by improving energy efficiency and reduction of pollution.

Graphical abstract: Spinel materials for high-voltage cathodes in Li-ion batteries
Review Article

Lithium–oxygen batteries: bridging mechanistic understanding and battery performance

Fundamental and practical challenges of Li–O2 batteries are evaluated to provide new insights into the state of understanding, and to highlight promising research directions for the development of stable, efficient and rechargeable high-energy Li–O2 systems.

Graphical abstract: Lithium–oxygen batteries: bridging mechanistic understanding and battery performance
Review Article

Development and challenges of LiFePO4 cathode material for lithium-ion batteries

In this review, we focus on LiFePO4 and discuss its structure, synthesis, electrochemical behavior, mechanism, and the problems encountered in its application.

Graphical abstract: Development and challenges of LiFePO4 cathode material for lithium-ion batteries
Communication

Enabling multi-electron reaction of ε-VOPO4 to reach theoretical capacity for lithium-ion batteries

Synthesizing highly crystalline nano-sized ε-VOPO4 particles is the key to achieve theoretical capacity of 2 Li+ intercalation in lithium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Enabling multi-electron reaction of ε-VOPO4 to reach theoretical capacity for lithium-ion batteries
Communication

A new approach for recycling waste rubber products in Li–S batteries

Vulcanized rubber products contain polymer backbones crosslinked with sulfur to improve mechanical strength.

Graphical abstract: A new approach for recycling waste rubber products in Li–S batteries
Communication

Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through control of site disorder

Site disorder not only enhances Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 lattice, but also fundamentally changes the phase transition pathway during electrochemical reactions.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through control of site disorder
Communication

Prussian blue: a new framework of electrode materials for sodium batteries

Prussian blue and its analogues consisting of different transition-metal ions (Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, Co and Zn) have been synthesized at room temperature.

Graphical abstract: Prussian blue: a new framework of electrode materials for sodium batteries
Paper

Micropores-in-macroporous gel polymer electrolytes for alkali metal batteries

Micropores-in-macroporous polymer membranes containing an immobilized-liquid electrolyte enable dendrite-free alkali metal batteries.

Graphical abstract: Micropores-in-macroporous gel polymer electrolytes for alkali metal batteries
Paper

Rational synthesis and electrochemical performance of LiVOPO4 polymorphs

A thorough study on the stability of LiVOPO4 polymorphs to determine which is the most promising for Li-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Rational synthesis and electrochemical performance of LiVOPO4 polymorphs
Paper

Role of disorder in limiting the true multi-electron redox in ε-LiVOPO4

Ball-milling-induced disorder and defects impede multi-electron redox in ε-LiVOPO4 and trigger side reactions.

Graphical abstract: Role of disorder in limiting the true multi-electron redox in ε-LiVOPO4
Paper

Identifying the chemical and structural irreversibility in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 – a model compound for classical layered intercalation

Anisotropic disorder along the c-axis results from static disorder.

Graphical abstract: Identifying the chemical and structural irreversibility in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 – a model compound for classical layered intercalation
Paper

Comparison of the polymorphs of VOPO4 as multi-electron cathodes for rechargeable alkali-ion batteries

VO6/VO5–PO4 frameworks govern electrochemical performance in VOPO4 polymorphs.

Graphical abstract: Comparison of the polymorphs of VOPO4 as multi-electron cathodes for rechargeable alkali-ion batteries
Paper

Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2: an intercalation cathode host for low-cost Na-ion batteries

The mineral eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2, is characterized as a potential cathode for a Na-ion battery that can be fabricated in charged-state.

Graphical abstract: Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2: an intercalation cathode host for low-cost Na-ion batteries
Paper

Sulfur encapsulated in porous hollow CNTs@CNFs for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries

A novel carbon-sulfur nanoarchitecture with a high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area of ~80 m2 g−1 and a total pore volume of ~0.2cm3 g−1 shows a high capacity of ~ 700 mAh g−1 at 1 C and 520 mAh g−1 at 5 C after 100 cycles, which makes it a superior cathode material for a rechargeable Li–S battery.

Graphical abstract: Sulfur encapsulated in porous hollow CNTs@CNFs for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries
Paper

Optimizing Li+ conductivity in a garnet framework

The garnet-related oxides with the general formula Li7−xLa3Zr2−xTaxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were prepared by conventional solid-state reaction.

Graphical abstract: Optimizing Li+ conductivity in a garnet framework
Paper

Rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery

Schematic cell of rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery.

Graphical abstract: Rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery
From the themed collection: Advanced Materials for Lithium Batteries
Paper

The synthesis, characterization and electrochemical behavior of the layered LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 compound

The lithium electrochemical cell LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 gave the highest reversible capacity of the mixed transition metal layered compounds studied.

Graphical abstract: The synthesis, characterization and electrochemical behavior of the layered LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 compound
Paper

Sensitisation of semiconducting electrodes with ruthenium-based dyes

Paper

Photo-substitution of 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene by toluene

Paper

Electrointercalation in transition-metal disulphides

Paper

1,6-Photoaddition of toluene to 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane

Paper

Photosubstitution in some charge-transfer complexes of toluene

29 items

About this collection

About this collection:
This selection of papers features research, reviews and personal accounts by the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”: Professor John B. Goodenough, Professor M. Stanley Whittingham and Professor Akira Yoshino.
Lithium-ion batteries power much of modern technology, from smartphones and cordless power tools to grid-scale energy storage and the Mars Curiosity rover. They may prove critical in enabling the reduction of global carbon emissions through the proliferation of ultra-low emission vehicles. There is exciting recent research into developing the technology further towards improving the sustainability of the energy storage materials themselves.
Covering early fundamental research into charge-transfer chemistry, semiconducting electrodes and layered inorganic materials through to the chemistry underpinning lithium-ion batteries, this collection celebrates seminal contributions of the winners and their more recent research into alternative technologies.

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