Themed collection Recent Review Articles
Molecular mechanisms from insulin-mimetic effect of vitamin D: treatment alternative in Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by a state of insulin resistance, which leads to metabolic alterations that aggravate the state of health of people.
Therapeutic perspectives of the black cumin component thymoquinone: A review
The dietary phytochemical thymoquinone, obtained from the black and angular seeds of Nigella sativa, is a promising monoterpenoid hydrocarbons, which has been receiving massive attention for its therapeutic potential and pharmacological properties.
Gut microbiota in mental health and depression: role of pre/pro/synbiotics in their modulation
A review of antidepressant mechanisms via gut microbe alterations with insight into how they can provide an alternative to antidepressant therapy without the side effects and risk of adverse drug reactions.
Potential beneficial effects of kefir and its postbiotic, kefiran, on child food allergy
Food allergies are known as the public health problem, affecting people of all age groups, but more commonly in babies and children, with consequences for nutritional status and quality of life.
Fucoidan: a promising agent for brain injury and neurodegenerative disease intervention
Fucoidan exerts a neuroprotective function on neurodegenerative diseases and brain injury by inhibiting inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction and microglial activation, while activating neurite outgrowth and the cholinergic system.
Role of honey in preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Honey is a natural substance with antioxidant properties. Honey can prevent and reduce oral mucositis caused by radiation and relieve severe pain.
Plant-derived melatonin from food: a gift of nature
The Chinese fairy tale of Shennong, the god of agriculture in China, who tasted hundreds of grasses to find foods and herbs for humans during the legend period.
Research progress on the potential delaying skin aging effect and mechanism of tea for oral and external use
Tea for oral and external use can anti-UV, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, inhibit the aging of extracellular matrix, balance intestinal and skin microorganisms, improve mood and sleep, and fundamentally make the skin healthy and natural aging.
Efficacy of probiotics in multiple sclerosis: a systematic review of preclinical trials and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Preliminary evidence shows the potential role of probiotics in ameliorating multiple sclerosis (MS); however, the effects of probiotics on MS remain unclear.
Effects of brown seaweed polyphenols, a class of phlorotannins, on metabolic disorders via regulation of fat function
It is well known that fat dysfunction is the main driver of development of metabolic disorders.
The role of emerging micro-scale vegetables in human diet and health benefits—an updated review based on microgreens
Microgreens as good sources of nutritional and bioactive compounds play an increasingly vital role in health-promoting diets.
Research progress on separation of selenoproteins/Se-enriched peptides and their physiological activities
Extracting Se-enriched proteins and peptides from Se-enriched agricultural products is crucial for improving the nutritional status of Se in the population.
The interaction between tea polyphenols and host intestinal microorganisms: an effective way to prevent psychiatric disorders
Tea polyphenols (TP) are the most bioactive components in tea extracts.
The role of natural products in the prevention and treatment of pulmonary fibrosis: a review
Natural products prevent and treat pulmonary fibrosis by regulating oxidative stress, inflammatory injury, epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), fibroblast activation and metabolic disorders.
Advances in the preparation and assessment of the biological activities of chitosan oligosaccharides with different structural characteristics
The bioactivity of chitosan oligosaccharides (COSs) is closely related to the amino groups, acetyl groups, hydroxyl groups and degree of polymerization of their molecular structure, and to their molecular weight.
The impact of a high fat diet on bones: potential mechanisms
High-fat diet led to bone loss via gut microbiota and fatty acid imbalances, immune disorder and adipose tissue accumulation inside and outside the bone marrow.
Recent progress in polysaccharides from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (P. ginseng) has a long history of medicinal use and can treat a variety of diseases.
Food buffering capacity: quantification methods and its importance in digestion and health
Understanding the influence of food properties on buffering capacity will have an impact on gastric secretions and breakdown during digestion.
A recent update on the multifaceted health benefits associated with ginger and its bioactive components
The bioactive compounds and bioactivities of ginger, and their detailed mechanisms including some therapeutic effects of ginger and its constituents for effective antioxidant properties were comprehensive reviewed.
Vegetarian diets during pregnancy: effects on the mother's health. A systematic review
While interest in vegetarian nutrition has been steadily increasing, some aspects have not yet been consistently investigated.
The role of yoghurt consumption in the management of type II diabetes
Enrichment of yoghurt with specific ingrdients beneficially affects the management of Type II Diabetes Mellitus (DMII).
Dietary natural methylxanthines and colorectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Some evidence suggests that caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine, as natural methylxanthines (MTXs), possess anti-cancer effects.
Is it scientifically justifiable to exclude wine and/or unfermented grape derivatives from the diet of consumers with or at risk of developing type-2 diabetes?
This narrative review investigates whether low/moderate consumption of wine/grape's derivatives can be part of T2D individuals daily diet.
The impact of probiotic supplementation on metabolic health in healthy women of reproductive age: a systematic review
Products containing probiotics are targeted at healthy or at-risk individuals as a preventative measure to minimise disease risk.
Insights into the potential benefits of black soybean (Glycine max L.) polyphenols in lifestyle diseases
Black soybean (Glycine max L.), a cultivar containing abundant polyphenols in its seed coat such as anthocyanins and flavan-3-ols, has been reported to possess various health benefits toward lifestyle diseases.
Anti-obesity effects of capsaicin and the underlying mechanisms: a review
The mechanisms of anti-obesity effects of capsaicin in cell models, rodent models and human subjects were reviewed.
The potential roles of chitosan oligosaccharide in prevention of kidney injury in obese and diabetic conditions
Potential effects of COS and the possible mechanisms.
The effect of almond intake on anthropometric indices: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the effect of almond intake on anthropometric indices in adult subjects.
An overview and update on the epidemiology of flavonoid intake and cardiovascular disease risk
Higher intakes of flavonoid-rich foods are associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease in prospective cohort studies.
The effects of betalain-rich cacti (dragon fruit and cactus pear) on endothelial and vascular function: a systematic review of animal and human studies
This systematic review assesses the evidence for the effects of edible cacti (dragon fruit and cactus pear) on vascular and endothelial function based on animal models and human studies.
The digestion of galactolipids and its ubiquitous function in Nature for the uptake of the essential α-linolenic acid
Galactolipases allow the digestion of galactolipids, the most abundant lipids on Earth and the main source of α-linolenic acid.
Dietary bioactive ingredients to modulate the gut microbiota-derived metabolite TMAO. New opportunities for functional food development
Diet could play a dual role in the production of the TMA/TMAO meta-organismal pathway since it provides TMA precursors, but also other dietary constituents that reduce endogenous TMAO or its damaging effects through different mechanisms.
Anti-stress effects of polyphenols: animal models and human trials
Relationship between “stressors” and “stress responses”, such as hormone secretion. Some polyphenols can prevent stress responses, which subsequently prevent stress-related health problems.
Application of microfluidic technology in food processing
Microfluidic technology is interdisciplinary with a diversity of applications including in food processing.
Health beneficial effects of resistant starch on diabetes and obesity via regulation of gut microbiota: a review
Resistant starch (RS) is well known to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity.
Pomegranate juice as a functional food: a comprehensive review of its polyphenols, therapeutic merits, and recent patents
A review on pomegranate juice as a functional food in the context of its polyphenol composition, therapeutic merits, and recent patents.
The influence of traditional and new processing technologies on the structure and function of food polysaccharide
The influence of traditional processing technologies and new technologies on the structure and function of food polysaccharide was investigated and discussed.
An overview on the biosynthesis and metabolic regulation of monacolin K/lovastatin
Lovastatin/monacolin K (MK) is used as a lipid lowering drug, due to its effective hypercholesterolemic properties, comparable to synthetic statins.
Synergic interactions between polyphenols and gut microbiota in mitigating inflammatory bowel diseases
Polyphenols and gut microbiota act separately and synergistically to alleviate inflammatory bowel diseases.
Research progress on the biological activities of selenium polysaccharides
Selenium polysaccharides, an important organic selenium product, possess better antioxidant, antitumour, immune regulation, hypoglycaemic, and heavy metal removal activities than that of either polysaccharides or inorganic selenium.
Protection against developing type 2 diabetes by coffee consumption: assessment of the role of chlorogenic acid and metabolites on glycaemic responses
Coffee chlorogenic acids do not affect carbohydrate digestion directly, but modulate glucose absorption/utilisation, the latter through endogenous/gut microbiota metabolites.
Agriculture waste valorisation as a source of antioxidant phenolic compounds within a circular and sustainable bioeconomy
Agro-food industrial waste is currently being accumulated, pushing scientists to find recovery strategies to obtain bioactive compounds within a circular bioeconomy. Target phenolic compounds have shown market potential by means of optimization extraction techniques.
Effects of fasting intervention regulating anthropometric and metabolic parameters in subjects with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Previous studies have shown that fasting produces a potential effect in the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
Inflammation and cardiovascular disease: are marine phospholipids the answer?
This review presents the latest research on the cardioprotective effects of n-3 fatty acids (FA) and n-3 FA bound to polar lipids (PL). Overall, n-3 PL may have enhanced bioavailability and potentially bioactivity versus free FA and ester forms of n-3 FA.
Impact of functional foods and nutraceuticals on high blood pressure with a special focus on meta-analysis: review from a public health perspective
In recent times many researchers are expressing immense interest in nutraceuticals and functional foods for combating various diseases or abnormal conditions, especially against hypertension (HT).
Quantifying dietary vitamin K and its link to cardiovascular health: a narrative review
Potential beneficial pathways by which vitamin K may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.
Capsaicin—the major bioactive ingredient of chili peppers: bio-efficacy and delivery systems
The mechanisms of bio-efficacy of capsaicin and delivery systems with enhanced bioavailability were reviewed.
The effect of taste and taste perception on satiation/satiety: a review
As the prevalence of being overweight and obesity has increased worldwide, there is an increasing concern about satiation/satiety that can be achieved by eating.
Insight into the potential application of polyphenol-rich dietary intervention in degenerative disease management
In recent times, a great number of plants have been studied in order to identify new components with nutraceutical properties, among which are polyphenols.
Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid versus α-linolenic acid supplementation on cardiometabolic risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) made direct comparisons between EPA/DHA versus ALA on improving cardiovascular risk factors and have reached inconsistent findings.
The potential of proteins, hydrolysates and peptides as growth factors for Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium: current research and future perspectives
Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide health benefits to the host when consumed in adequate concentrations.
Future foods: a manifesto for research priorities in structural design of foods
Modern food science is creating safer, healthier & more sustainable foods.
The effects of caloric restriction and its mimetics in Alzheimer's disease through autophagy pathways
AD is a neurodegenerative disease that commonly occurs among older individuals. Caloric restriction and its mimetics have been shown to alleviate amyloid burden, tau pathology, and improve cognitive function of rodent models of AD by activating autophagy.
Sesamol: a powerful functional food ingredient from sesame oil for cardioprotection
Phytophenols are important bioactive food based chemical entities, largely present in several natural sources.
Medicinal effects of Peruvian maca (Lepidium meyenii): a review
Peruvian maca (Lepidium meyenii) is a root native to the Andean region, cultivated for at least 2000 years.
Effects of short-term consumption of strawberry powder on select parameters of vascular health in adolescent males
In both children and adults, dietary interventions strongly supports the concept that the regular consumption of strawberries can be associated with improvements in cardiovascular health.
About this collection
Food and Function publishes authoritative and insightful review articles covering all aspects of the journal scope. In this collection, we have brought together recent reviews published in the journal – we hope you enjoy reading them.