Refining the aggregate exposure pathway
The elements of the aggregate exposure pathway have been refined to better facilitate organization, integration, and dissemination of exposure data.
Targeting cleanups towards a more sustainable future
Here we explore how setting different cleanup standards may influence some of the environmental, social, and economic side-effects of remediation.
Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment
Applying POP screening to a large chemical domain requires less reliance on individual criteria and more on integrated assessment with models.
Fate and exposure modeling in regulatory chemical evaluation: new directions from retrospection
A regulatory perspective on the application of fate and exposure modeling in the past and for the future.
QSAR modeling of cumulative environmental end-points for the prioritization of hazardous chemicals
Indexes for the prioritization of potential hazardous chemicals can be derived and modelled by combining PCA and QSAR models.
Improving the relevance and efficiency of human exposure assessments within the process of regulatory risk assessment
The article explores how tiered and targeted information acquisition can improve the effectiveness of the human exposure assessment process.
Physiological modes of action across species and toxicants: the key to predictive ecotoxicology
We outline a research strategy that will deliver more effective theory and models for environmental risk assessment of chemicals.
Refining tools to bridge the gap between academia and chemical regulation: perspectives for WikiREACH
WikiREACH – a tool that reduces the resources needed and simplifies the process of gathering peer-reviewed studies for hazard and risk assessment of chemicals.
An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals
This paper proposes a set of actions to increase the usability of research data in chemical assessments.
In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling
Theoretical and statistical approaches to calculation of properties that determine the environmental fate and effects of substances are summarized, with emphasis on their integration into “in silico environmental chemical science”.
History of EPI Suite™ and future perspectives on chemical property estimation in US Toxic Substances Control Act new chemical risk assessments
A discussion of the past developments, current practices, and future opportunities in QSAR modeling for new chemical risk assessments.
(Q)SARs to predict environmental toxicities: current status and future needs
An assessment of (Q)SARs to predict acute and chronic ecotoxicity.
Legacy organochlorine pollutants in glacial watersheds: a review
Alpine glaciers are a point of concentration and reemergence of legacy organochlorine pollutants (OCPs) with potential ecosystem implications.
Theory and modelling approaches to passive sampling
Understanding the theory behind passive sampling is essential for proper development of sampling methods and for accurate interpretation of the results.
Illuminating the dark side of indoor oxidants
A review of the current understanding of oxidants and their precursors in indoor environments.
Modelling consortium for chemistry of indoor environments (MOCCIE): integrating chemical processes from molecular to room scales
We report on the development of a modelling consortium for chemistry in indoor environments that connects models over a range of spatial and temporal scales, from molecular to room scales and from sub-nanosecond to days, respectively.
Plutonium environmental chemistry: mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(V/VI)
Evaluation of the seven proposed mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(V/VI).
Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon
We compare and make recommendations for the use of different climate metrics and time horizons with respect to methane emissions, applying to a case study of LNG as a shipping fuel.
Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches
Inactivation occurs via direct and indirect processes in sunlit waters.
The cycle of nitrogen in river systems: sources, transformation, and flux
Suspended particle–water and sediment–water interfaces, where oxic and suboxic microenvironments coexist, are the hotspots of nitrogen transformation in river systems.
Trace metals in oysters: molecular and cellular mechanisms and ecotoxicological impacts
Oysters are important benthic bivalves in coastal and estuarine environments.
Criegee intermediates and their impacts on the troposphere
Criegee intermediates (CIs), carbonyl oxides formed in ozonolysis of alkenes, play key roles in the troposphere.
A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review
Since the gradual decrease of mineral resources on-land, deep sea mining (DSM) is becoming an urgent and important emerging activity in the world.
Iodine soil dynamics and methods of measurement: a review
This review assesses analytical techniques used to determine the concentration of iodine in soils to better understand iodine geodynamics.
In vitro assessment of sex steroids and related compounds in water and sediments – a critical review
Detection of endocrine disrupting compounds in water and sediment samples has gained much importance since the evidence of their effects was reported in aquatic ecosystems in the 1990s.
Environmental fate and exposure models: advances and challenges in 21st century chemical risk assessment
Twenty-five years of progress in modeling the environmental fate and exposure of organic contaminants is reviewed, and a strategy for more rapidly adopting scientific progress into regulatory models is proposed.
Improving the accuracy of effect-directed analysis: the role of bioavailability
It is imperative to incorporate bioavailability in effect-directed analysis.
Airborne persistent toxic substances (PTSs) in China: occurrence and its implication associated with air pollution
In recent years, China suffered from extensive air pollution due to the rapidly expanding economic and industrial developments. Most studies on airborne PTSs have been conducted in east and south China, and severe contamination was generally observed in the BTH, YRD and PRD regions.
Probing the interactions of organic molecules, nanomaterials, and microbes with solid surfaces using quartz crystal microbalances: methodology, advantages, and limitations
An understanding of the working principle, methodology, advantages and limitations of QCMs is important for their accurate use.
A review of quantitative structure–property relationships for the fate of ionizable organic chemicals in water matrices and identification of knowledge gaps
QSPR prediction models for chemical fate and exposure are critically reviewed so that knowledge gaps may be filled in subsequent study.
Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs): a bioinformatics perspective
Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs) – a concept loosely based on quantitative structure–activity relationships (QSARs) for chemicals was proposed as a predictive tool for ranking risks due to microorganisms relevant to water safety.
Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties
Excited triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (3CDOM*) play a major role among the reactive intermediates produced upon absorption of sunlight by surface waters.
About this collection
In addition to high quality research papers, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts features topical review articles. Reviews will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.