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Themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts: Recent Review Articles

41 items
Perspective

Canadian bitumen is engineered for transport, but the type of product produced can affect spill contingency planning

Canadian bitumen is too viscous to transport by rail and pipeline to markets.

Graphical abstract: Canadian bitumen is engineered for transport, but the type of product produced can affect spill contingency planning
Perspective

Retrospective on microbial transformations of halogenated organics

Prior to the 1960s, knowledge of biological transformations of highly halogenated aliphatic compounds was limited, except in mammalian organisms where enzymatic transformations occurred to rid the body of ingested harmful chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Retrospective on microbial transformations of halogenated organics
Perspective

A framework to model exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in indoor environments

We propose a framework based on exposure models for semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) to describe the emission and transport of, and exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in indoor environments.

Graphical abstract: A framework to model exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in indoor environments
Open Access Perspective

Perspectives of genetically engineered microbes for groundwater bioremediation

Bacteria degrading 1,2,3-trichloropropane were constructed by genetic engineering and may be applicable for groundwater bioremediation, following the example of 1,2-dichloroethane.

Graphical abstract: Perspectives of genetically engineered microbes for groundwater bioremediation
Perspective

Placenta as a target of trichloroethylene toxicity

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is an industrial solvent and a common environmental contaminant. Reactive metabolites of TCE disrupt placental cell functions important for pregnancy health.

Graphical abstract: Placenta as a target of trichloroethylene toxicity
Perspective

A perspective on the role of fugacity and activity for evaluating the PBT properties of organic chemicals and providing a multi-media synoptic indicator of environmental contamination

We present a perspective on how models based on the equilibrium criteria of fugacity and chemical activity can contribute to evaluation of persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity criteria.

Graphical abstract: A perspective on the role of fugacity and activity for evaluating the PBT properties of organic chemicals and providing a multi-media synoptic indicator of environmental contamination
Perspective

Refining the aggregate exposure pathway

The elements of the aggregate exposure pathway have been refined to better facilitate organization, integration, and dissemination of exposure data.

Graphical abstract: Refining the aggregate exposure pathway
Perspective

Targeting cleanups towards a more sustainable future

Here we explore how setting different cleanup standards may influence some of the environmental, social, and economic side-effects of remediation.

Graphical abstract: Targeting cleanups towards a more sustainable future
Open Access Perspective

Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment

Applying POP screening to a large chemical domain requires less reliance on individual criteria and more on integrated assessment with models.

Graphical abstract: Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment
Tutorial Review

Multi-element (C, H, Cl, Br) stable isotope fractionation as a tool to investigate transformation processes for halogenated hydrocarbons

A review that highlights the utility of multi-element compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) in halogenated hydrocarbon remediation.

Graphical abstract: Multi-element (C, H, Cl, Br) stable isotope fractionation as a tool to investigate transformation processes for halogenated hydrocarbons
Tutorial Review

Photochemistry of iron in aquatic environments

Light-induced reduction of Fe(III) delivers Fe(II) as nutrient or substrate for growth of planktonic or sedimentary organisms. Biological uptake, as well as chemical or microbial oxidation of Fe(II) close this photochemically driven iron cycle.

Graphical abstract: Photochemistry of iron in aquatic environments
Critical Review

Effects of aging and weathering on immobilization of trace metals/metalloids in soils amended with biochar

Biochar is an effective amendment for trace metal/metalloid (TM) immobilization in soils.

Graphical abstract: Effects of aging and weathering on immobilization of trace metals/metalloids in soils amended with biochar
Critical Review

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate, a pervasive flame retardant: critical perspective on its emissions into the environment and human toxicity

Global production of organophosphate ester flame retardants (OPFRs) and non-target toxicity of tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP).

Graphical abstract: Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate, a pervasive flame retardant: critical perspective on its emissions into the environment and human toxicity
Critical Review

Effects of soil particle size on the adsorption, distribution, and migration behaviors of heavy metal(loid)s in soil: a review

The adsorption, distribution, and migration behaviors of heavy metals in soil particles are critically reviewed from the perspectives of research method, soil type, and comparison of results.

Graphical abstract: Effects of soil particle size on the adsorption, distribution, and migration behaviors of heavy metal(loid)s in soil: a review
Critical Review

A review of aerosol chemistry in Asia: insights from aerosol mass spectrometer measurements

Aerosol mass spectrometer has been widely deployed in Asia for real-time characterization of aerosol chemistry, and has significantly improved our understanding of the sources, properties, and formation processes of aerosols in a complex environment.

Graphical abstract: A review of aerosol chemistry in Asia: insights from aerosol mass spectrometer measurements
Open Access Critical Review

Strategies for grouping per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to protect human and environmental health

Grouping strategies are needed for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), in part, because it would be time and resource intensive to test and evaluate the more than 4700 PFAS on the global market on a chemical-by-chemical basis.

Graphical abstract: Strategies for grouping per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to protect human and environmental health
Critical Review

A critical review on the potential impacts of neonicotinoid insecticide use: current knowledge of environmental fate, toxicity, and implications for human health

The review examines literature relevant to environmental fate, transformation, and toxicity, and human exposure and health risks of neonicotinoid insecticides.

Graphical abstract: A critical review on the potential impacts of neonicotinoid insecticide use: current knowledge of environmental fate, toxicity, and implications for human health
Critical Review

Emerging investigator series: critical review of photophysical models for the optical and photochemical properties of dissolved organic matter

Photophysical models for dissolved organic matter optical properties and photochemistry are critically reviewed.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigator series: critical review of photophysical models for the optical and photochemical properties of dissolved organic matter
From the themed collection: Emerging Investigator Series
Critical Review

How the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill reshaped our understanding of crude oil photochemical weathering at sea: a past, present, and future perspective

A critical review of the diverse and consequential roles that photochemical weathering plays in oil spill science, with emphasis placed on how our understanding of these roles has been reshaped since the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill.

Graphical abstract: How the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill reshaped our understanding of crude oil photochemical weathering at sea: a past, present, and future perspective
Critical Review

Cross-ecosystem nutrient subsidies in Arctic and alpine lakes: implications of global change for remote lakes

Environmental change is continuing to affect the flow of nutrients, material and organisms across ecosystem boundaries. In this review, we synthesize current knowledge of cross-ecosystem nutrient subsidies between Arctic and alpine lakes and their surrounding terrain, cryosphere, and atmosphere.

Graphical abstract: Cross-ecosystem nutrient subsidies in Arctic and alpine lakes: implications of global change for remote lakes
Critical Review

Association of phthalate exposure with precocious and delayed pubertal timing in girls and boys: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Herein, recent studies were evaluated to obtain regulation results in relation to puberty status and phthalate exposure in children.

Graphical abstract: Association of phthalate exposure with precocious and delayed pubertal timing in girls and boys: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Open Access Critical Review

Quantifying the efficiency and selectivity of organohalide dechlorination by zerovalent iron

The various types and definitions of efficiency and selectivity that are used to quantitate the performance of organohalide reduction by zerovalent iron are reviewed and compared.

Graphical abstract: Quantifying the efficiency and selectivity of organohalide dechlorination by zerovalent iron
Critical Review

Reproductive and developmental health effects of prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water

Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) is a common contaminant in both occupational and community settings.

Graphical abstract: Reproductive and developmental health effects of prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water
Critical Review

Trichloroethylene, a ubiquitous environmental contaminant in the risk for Parkinson's disease

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a volatile organic solvent, released into the environment from industrial sites. It contaminates ground water and soil and poses a vapor intrusion hazard for residential and commercial buildings.

Graphical abstract: Trichloroethylene, a ubiquitous environmental contaminant in the risk for Parkinson's disease
Critical Review

Positive matrix factorization on source apportionment for typical pollutants in different environmental media: a review

A bibliometric analysis of published papers with the key words “positive matrix factorization” and “source apportionment” in ‘Web of Science’, reveals that more than 1000 papers are associated with this research and that approximately 50% of these were produced in Asia.

Graphical abstract: Positive matrix factorization on source apportionment for typical pollutants in different environmental media: a review
Critical Review

Distribution of pesticides in agricultural and urban soils of Brazil: a critical review

The extensive use of pesticides leads to soil contamination and is harmful to environmental health.

Graphical abstract: Distribution of pesticides in agricultural and urban soils of Brazil: a critical review
Open Access Critical Review

The atmospheric chemistry of indoor environments

The review article summarizes the wide variety of atmospheric chemistry phenomena that occur indoors.

Graphical abstract: The atmospheric chemistry of indoor environments
Critical Review

Spatial and temporal variability of perfluoroalkyl substances in the Laurentian Great Lakes

Concentrations and distributions of perfluoroalkyl substances vary widely in water, sediments, and biota in the Laurentian Great Lakes.

Graphical abstract: Spatial and temporal variability of perfluoroalkyl substances in the Laurentian Great Lakes
Open Access Critical Review

The concept of essential use for determining when uses of PFASs can be phased out

The concept of essential use is developed and applied to various uses of PFASs to determine the feasibility of elimination or substitution in each use category.

Graphical abstract: The concept of essential use for determining when uses of PFASs can be phased out
Critical Review

Theory and modelling approaches to passive sampling

Understanding the theory behind passive sampling is essential for proper development of sampling methods and for accurate interpretation of the results.

Graphical abstract: Theory and modelling approaches to passive sampling
Open Access Critical Review

Illuminating the dark side of indoor oxidants

A review of the current understanding of oxidants and their precursors in indoor environments.

Graphical abstract: Illuminating the dark side of indoor oxidants
Critical Review

Modelling consortium for chemistry of indoor environments (MOCCIE): integrating chemical processes from molecular to room scales

We report on the development of a modelling consortium for chemistry in indoor environments that connects models over a range of spatial and temporal scales, from molecular to room scales and from sub-nanosecond to days, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Modelling consortium for chemistry of indoor environments (MOCCIE): integrating chemical processes from molecular to room scales
Critical Review

Plutonium environmental chemistry: mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(V/VI)

Evaluation of the seven proposed mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(V/VI).

Graphical abstract: Plutonium environmental chemistry: mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(v/vi)
Open Access Critical Review

Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon

We compare and make recommendations for the use of different climate metrics and time horizons with respect to methane emissions, applying to a case study of LNG as a shipping fuel.

Graphical abstract: Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon
Open Access Critical Review

Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches

Inactivation occurs via direct and indirect processes in sunlit waters.

Graphical abstract: Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches
Critical Review

The cycle of nitrogen in river systems: sources, transformation, and flux

Suspended particle–water and sediment–water interfaces, where oxic and suboxic microenvironments coexist, are the hotspots of nitrogen transformation in river systems.

Graphical abstract: The cycle of nitrogen in river systems: sources, transformation, and flux
Critical Review

Trace metals in oysters: molecular and cellular mechanisms and ecotoxicological impacts

Oysters are important benthic bivalves in coastal and estuarine environments.

Graphical abstract: Trace metals in oysters: molecular and cellular mechanisms and ecotoxicological impacts
Critical Review

Criegee intermediates and their impacts on the troposphere

Criegee intermediates (CIs), carbonyl oxides formed in ozonolysis of alkenes, play key roles in the troposphere.

Graphical abstract: Criegee intermediates and their impacts on the troposphere
Critical Review

A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review

Since the gradual decrease of mineral resources on-land, deep sea mining (DSM) is becoming an urgent and important emerging activity in the world.

Graphical abstract: A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review
Open Access Critical Review

Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties

Excited triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (3CDOM*) play a major role among the reactive intermediates produced upon absorption of sunlight by surface waters.

Graphical abstract: Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties
Frontier

Potential risks of antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes in bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soils

The problems associated with potential risks of antibiotic resistance spreading during bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil are discussed. Careful selection of bacterial strains and pretreatment of organic wastes used as fertilizers are suggested.

Graphical abstract: Potential risks of antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes in bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soils
41 items

About this collection

In addition to high quality research papers, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts features topical review articles. Reviews will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.

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