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Themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts: Recent Review Articles

43 items
Perspective

Refining the aggregate exposure pathway

The elements of the aggregate exposure pathway have been refined to better facilitate organization, integration, and dissemination of exposure data.

Graphical abstract: Refining the aggregate exposure pathway
Perspective

Targeting cleanups towards a more sustainable future

Here we explore how setting different cleanup standards may influence some of the environmental, social, and economic side-effects of remediation.

Graphical abstract: Targeting cleanups towards a more sustainable future
Open Access Perspective

Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment

Applying POP screening to a large chemical domain requires less reliance on individual criteria and more on integrated assessment with models.

Graphical abstract: Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Perspective

Fate and exposure modeling in regulatory chemical evaluation: new directions from retrospection

A regulatory perspective on the application of fate and exposure modeling in the past and for the future.

Graphical abstract: Fate and exposure modeling in regulatory chemical evaluation: new directions from retrospection
Perspective

QSAR modeling of cumulative environmental end-points for the prioritization of hazardous chemicals

Indexes for the prioritization of potential hazardous chemicals can be derived and modelled by combining PCA and QSAR models.

Graphical abstract: QSAR modeling of cumulative environmental end-points for the prioritization of hazardous chemicals
Perspective

Improving the relevance and efficiency of human exposure assessments within the process of regulatory risk assessment

The article explores how tiered and targeted information acquisition can improve the effectiveness of the human exposure assessment process.

Graphical abstract: Improving the relevance and efficiency of human exposure assessments within the process of regulatory risk assessment
Open Access Perspective

Physiological modes of action across species and toxicants: the key to predictive ecotoxicology

We outline a research strategy that will deliver more effective theory and models for environmental risk assessment of chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Physiological modes of action across species and toxicants: the key to predictive ecotoxicology
Open Access Perspective

Refining tools to bridge the gap between academia and chemical regulation: perspectives for WikiREACH

WikiREACH – a tool that reduces the resources needed and simplifies the process of gathering peer-reviewed studies for hazard and risk assessment of chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Refining tools to bridge the gap between academia and chemical regulation: perspectives for WikiREACH
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals

This paper proposes a set of actions to increase the usability of research data in chemical assessments.

Graphical abstract: An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling

Theoretical and statistical approaches to calculation of properties that determine the environmental fate and effects of substances are summarized, with emphasis on their integration into “in silico environmental chemical science”.

Graphical abstract: In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Perspective

History of EPI Suite™ and future perspectives on chemical property estimation in US Toxic Substances Control Act new chemical risk assessments

A discussion of the past developments, current practices, and future opportunities in QSAR modeling for new chemical risk assessments.

Graphical abstract: History of EPI Suite™ and future perspectives on chemical property estimation in US Toxic Substances Control Act new chemical risk assessments
Perspective

(Q)SARs to predict environmental toxicities: current status and future needs

An assessment of (Q)SARs to predict acute and chronic ecotoxicity.

Graphical abstract: (Q)SARs to predict environmental toxicities: current status and future needs
Perspective

Using reference materials to improve the quality of data generated by USEPA analytical methods

The quality of data generated for the analysis of environmental samples is critical to State and Federal regulatory agencies to ensure that decisions based upon the amounts of contaminants in environmental samples are truly protective of public health.

Graphical abstract: Using reference materials to improve the quality of data generated by USEPA analytical methods
Perspective

The origin and evolution of assessment criteria for persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs)

PBT and POP assessment criteria were developed from best science available from 1970 to 1990 and consensus-based policy discussions.

Graphical abstract: The origin and evolution of assessment criteria for persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
Open Access Perspective

Environmental transmission of diarrheal pathogens in low and middle income countries

Globally more than half a million children die every year from diarrheal diseases. This Perspective suggests that reductions in diarrheal disease transmission in LMICs can be achieved by accounting for site-specific factors when designing environmental interventions. This is discussed in the context of the characteristics of the most important diarrheal diseases as well as environmental reservoirs.

Graphical abstract: Environmental transmission of diarrheal pathogens in low and middle income countries
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Perspective

Framework for the assessment of interaction between CO2 geological storage and other sedimentary basin resources

Managing the interaction between carbon dioxide storage and other basin resources should focus on preventing potential conflicts and enhancing synergies.

Graphical abstract: Framework for the assessment of interaction between CO2 geological storage and other sedimentary basin resources
Open Access Frontier

A review of stereochemical implications in the generation of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene oxidation

The atmospheric reactions leading to the generation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from the oxidation of isoprene are generally assumed to produce only racemic mixtures, but aspects of the chemical reactions suggest this may not be the case.

Graphical abstract: A review of stereochemical implications in the generation of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene oxidation
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Tutorial Review

Legacy organochlorine pollutants in glacial watersheds: a review

Alpine glaciers are a point of concentration and reemergence of legacy organochlorine pollutants (OCPs) with potential ecosystem implications.

Graphical abstract: Legacy organochlorine pollutants in glacial watersheds: a review
Tutorial Review

US residential building air exchange rates: new perspectives to improve decision making at vapor intrusion sites

Variations in building air exchange rates influence indoor air concentrations and vapor intrusion exposure risks.

Graphical abstract: US residential building air exchange rates: new perspectives to improve decision making at vapor intrusion sites
Critical Review

Plutonium environmental chemistry: mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(V/VI)

Evaluation of the seven proposed mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(V/VI).

Graphical abstract: Plutonium environmental chemistry: mechanisms for the surface-mediated reduction of Pu(v/vi)
Open Access Critical Review

Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon

We compare and make recommendations for the use of different climate metrics and time horizons with respect to methane emissions, applying to a case study of LNG as a shipping fuel.

Graphical abstract: Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Critical Review

Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches

Inactivation occurs via direct and indirect processes in sunlit waters.

Graphical abstract: Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

The cycle of nitrogen in river systems: sources, transformation, and flux

Suspended particle–water and sediment–water interfaces, where oxic and suboxic microenvironments coexist, are the hotspots of nitrogen transformation in river systems.

Graphical abstract: The cycle of nitrogen in river systems: sources, transformation, and flux
Critical Review

Trace metals in oysters: molecular and cellular mechanisms and ecotoxicological impacts

Oysters are important benthic bivalves in coastal and estuarine environments.

Graphical abstract: Trace metals in oysters: molecular and cellular mechanisms and ecotoxicological impacts
Critical Review

Criegee intermediates and their impacts on the troposphere

Criegee intermediates (CIs), carbonyl oxides formed in ozonolysis of alkenes, play key roles in the troposphere.

Graphical abstract: Criegee intermediates and their impacts on the troposphere
Critical Review

A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review

Since the gradual decrease of mineral resources on-land, deep sea mining (DSM) is becoming an urgent and important emerging activity in the world.

Graphical abstract: A numerical calculation method of environmental impacts for the deep sea mining industry – a review
Critical Review

Iodine soil dynamics and methods of measurement: a review

This review assesses analytical techniques used to determine the concentration of iodine in soils to better understand iodine geodynamics.

Graphical abstract: Iodine soil dynamics and methods of measurement: a review
Critical Review

In vitro assessment of sex steroids and related compounds in water and sediments – a critical review

Detection of endocrine disrupting compounds in water and sediment samples has gained much importance since the evidence of their effects was reported in aquatic ecosystems in the 1990s.

Graphical abstract: In vitro assessment of sex steroids and related compounds in water and sediments – a critical review
Open Access Critical Review

Environmental fate and exposure models: advances and challenges in 21st century chemical risk assessment

Twenty-five years of progress in modeling the environmental fate and exposure of organic contaminants is reviewed, and a strategy for more rapidly adopting scientific progress into regulatory models is proposed.

Graphical abstract: Environmental fate and exposure models: advances and challenges in 21st century chemical risk assessment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

Improving the accuracy of effect-directed analysis: the role of bioavailability

It is imperative to incorporate bioavailability in effect-directed analysis.

Graphical abstract: Improving the accuracy of effect-directed analysis: the role of bioavailability
Critical Review

Airborne persistent toxic substances (PTSs) in China: occurrence and its implication associated with air pollution

In recent years, China suffered from extensive air pollution due to the rapidly expanding economic and industrial developments. Most studies on airborne PTSs have been conducted in east and south China, and severe contamination was generally observed in the BTH, YRD and PRD regions.

Graphical abstract: Airborne persistent toxic substances (PTSs) in China: occurrence and its implication associated with air pollution
Critical Review

Probing the interactions of organic molecules, nanomaterials, and microbes with solid surfaces using quartz crystal microbalances: methodology, advantages, and limitations

An understanding of the working principle, methodology, advantages and limitations of QCMs is important for their accurate use.

Graphical abstract: Probing the interactions of organic molecules, nanomaterials, and microbes with solid surfaces using quartz crystal microbalances: methodology, advantages, and limitations
Critical Review

A review of quantitative structure–property relationships for the fate of ionizable organic chemicals in water matrices and identification of knowledge gaps

QSPR prediction models for chemical fate and exposure are critically reviewed so that knowledge gaps may be filled in subsequent study.

Graphical abstract: A review of quantitative structure–property relationships for the fate of ionizable organic chemicals in water matrices and identification of knowledge gaps
Critical Review

Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs): a bioinformatics perspective

Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs) – a concept loosely based on quantitative structure–activity relationships (QSARs) for chemicals was proposed as a predictive tool for ranking risks due to microorganisms relevant to water safety.

Graphical abstract: Virulence factor activity relationships (VFARs): a bioinformatics perspective
Open Access Critical Review

Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties

Excited triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (3CDOM*) play a major role among the reactive intermediates produced upon absorption of sunlight by surface waters.

Graphical abstract: Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

The biology of environmental stress: molecular biomarkers in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata)

This review describes our recent work on environmental stress in Sydney rock oysters, focusing on the identification of molecular biomarkers for ecotoxicological analysis.

Graphical abstract: The biology of environmental stress: molecular biomarkers in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata)
Critical Review

Review of chemical and electrokinetic remediation of PCBs contaminated soils and sediments

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are manmade organic compounds, and their pollution has been a global environmental problem due to their persistence, long-range atmospheric transport and bioaccumulation.

Graphical abstract: Review of chemical and electrokinetic remediation of PCBs contaminated soils and sediments
Critical Review

Hardwiring microbes via direct interspecies electron transfer: mechanisms and applications

Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) has important implications for the design and operation of biological treatment processes.

Graphical abstract: Hardwiring microbes via direct interspecies electron transfer: mechanisms and applications
Critical Review

Controls on metal exposure to aquatic organisms in urban streams

Streams in urban ecosystems receive metal inputs primarily from stormwater runoff and wastewater effluent.

Graphical abstract: Controls on metal exposure to aquatic organisms in urban streams
Critical Review

Pesticides in Brazilian freshwaters: a critical review

Brazil is the world's largest consumer of pesticides; however, pesticide occurrence data in freshwater are scarce.

Graphical abstract: Pesticides in Brazilian freshwaters: a critical review
Critical Review

Immobilized materials for removal of toxic metal ions from surface/groundwaters and aqueous waste streams

Immobilized materials can be potential remediation agents for the elimination of toxic metal ions from polluted streams.

Graphical abstract: Immobilized materials for removal of toxic metal ions from surface/groundwaters and aqueous waste streams
Critical Review

Biogeochemical transformations of mercury in solid waste landfills and pathways for release

This review summarizes pathways of mercury release from conventional landfills and describes biogeochemical conditions that can volatilize or mobilize this toxic metal from landfills.

Graphical abstract: Biogeochemical transformations of mercury in solid waste landfills and pathways for release
Critical Review

Fly ash in landfill top covers – a review

Increase of energy recovery from municipal solid waste by incineration results in the increased amounts of incineration residues, such as fly ash, that have to be taken care of.

Graphical abstract: Fly ash in landfill top covers – a review
43 items

About this collection

In addition to high quality research papers, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts features topical review articles. Reviews will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.

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