Themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts: Recent Review Articles
To be or not to be degraded: in defense of persistence assessment of chemicals
Characterizing the degradation behavior of chemicals in the environment is a key component of chemical hazard and risk assessment.
The case for a more precise definition of regulated PFAS
Many existing definitions of PFAS are overly broad, there is a strong case for a more precise definition of regulated PFAS.
Unraveling biogeochemical complexity through better integration of experiments and modeling
A more ubiquitous use of process-based models will enhance the information gained from biogeochemical experimentation through both, a more rigorous interpretation of acquired data and the optimal design of future experiments.
Influence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a review from the climate change perspective
This perspective article reports the possible relationships between climate change and the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic and vice versa.
A case study of SARS-CoV-2 transmission behavior in a severely air-polluted city (Delhi, India) and the potential usage of graphene based materials for filtering air-pollutants and controlling/monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic
This review summarizes the role of graphene-based nanomaterials, which show antimicrobial behavior and have antiviral efficacy, in reducing the spread of COVID-19.
Microbial vesicle-mediated communication: convergence to understand interactions within and between domains of life
Extracellular vesicles are a ubiquitous but often overlooked biological component of all natural environments. Convergent interdisciplinary research highlights an effective approach to understand their properties and functions.
Vanadium: environmental hazard or environmental opportunity? A perspective on some key research needs
Limited information on the speciation of vanadium in the environment and anthropogenic emissions, coupled with toxicology heavily focused on V2O5 needs to be addressed to balance environmentally beneficial uses against potential harmful effects.
Towards improved characterization of the fate and impact of hydraulic fracturing chemicals to better secure regional water quality
New approaches to better characterize chemical contamination from hydraulic fracturing of shale and other permeable rock formations for improved risk-based management are presented.
Water monitoring by means of digital microscopy identification and classification of microalgae
This review reports state-of-the-art methods for automated microalgae classification aimed at monitoring water ecosystem conditions by means of digital microscopy, its current state and indications of future directions the field is expected to take.
Fluorophores in surface freshwaters: importance, likely structures, and possible impacts of climate change
Fluorescence spectroscopy is very useful for the characterisation of organic matter in natural water samples. The importance of protein-like fluorescence might be enhanced by several events induced by warming in natural waters such as lake water.
Updated knowledge, partitioning and ecological risk of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in global aquatic environments
Distribution of PPCPs in the African, Asian, European, and North and South American continents is presented and discussed.
Alternative methods of monitoring emerging contaminants in water: a review
Anthropogenic activities have steadily increased the release of emerging contaminants (ECs) in aquatic bodies, and these ECs may have adverse effects on humans even at their trace (μg L−1) levels.
Research progresses on VOCs emission investigations via surface and satellite observations in China
1. Investigation of the VOCs emissions and source structure is summarized. 2. Characteristics of VOCs observations including surface and satellite are introduced. 3. Suggestions on improvement for future VOCs observation are provided.
Influences of climate change on long-term time series of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Arctic and Antarctic biota
Time series of contaminants in the Arctic are an important instrument to detect emerging issues and to monitor the effectiveness of chemicals regulation. Climate change can affect the link between primary emissions and concentrations in Arctic wildlife.
POPs in Antarctic ecosystems: is climate change affecting their temporal trends?
Climate change is affecting Antarctica and the Southern Ocean and effects have been already reported for the abiotic compartments of the ecosystems, e.g. ice loss and iceberg calving.
Impact of global warming on regional cycling of mercury and persistent organic pollutants on the Tibetan Plateau: current progress and future prospects
Global warming profoundly affects not only mountainous and polar environments, but also the global and regional cycling of pollutants.
Climate change influence on the levels and trends of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and chemicals of emerging Arctic concern (CEACs) in the Arctic physical environment – a review
Direct and indirect effects of climate change influence contaminant sources, transport, re-distribution and circulation in the physical environment of the Arctic. Linkages of such observations to Arctic ecosystem exposure and effects are needed.
The influence of global climate change on accumulation and toxicity of persistent organic pollutants and chemicals of emerging concern in Arctic food webs
Global climate change-driven shifts in physical and ecological processes may alter POPs concentrations in Arctic food webs.
Influence of climate change on persistent organic pollutants and chemicals of emerging concern in the Arctic: state of knowledge and recommendations for future research
Future climate change in the Arctic will lead to loss of ice, snow and permafrost, increasing human activity and development, and changes in wind and ocean circulation patterns, that could alter the pathways, distribution and fate of contaminants.
A review of simulation experiment techniques used to analyze wildfire effects on water quality and supply
This review covers 40 laboratory- and plot-scale wildfire and rainfall simulation experiments which focus on wildfire hydrologic and water quality effects, guiding future researchers in the optimal design of their own simulation experiments.
Microplastic profusion in food and drinking water: are microplastics becoming a macroproblem?
Microplastics are extremely complex, and as the food chain comes full circle, it is dreaded that these could have a deleterious influence on humans.
Critical review of antibiotic resistance genes in the atmosphere
Our critical review compares ARG profiles in the atmosphere across different locations and discusses characterization methods, atmospheric transport, and future research questions.
Emerging investigator series: contributions of reactive nitrogen species to transformations of organic compounds in water: a critical review
Reactive nitrogen species (RNS) pose a potential risk to drinking water quality because they react with organic compounds to form toxic byproducts.
Mercury pollution in China: implications on the implementation of the Minamata Convention
This paper summarizes the atmospheric release of Hg, distribution of air Hg concentration, human exposure to MeHg and health impacts caused by Hg pollution in China.
A pandemic-induced environmental dilemma of disposable masks: solutions from the perspective of the life cycle
Massive use of disposable masks and mismanagement could raise emerging environmental and bio-safety concerns.
A review of microplastic fibres: generation, transport, and vectors for metal(loid)s in terrestrial environments
Synthetic fibre release is an important source of microplastics to agricultural soils, through the application of sewage sludge. Microplastics are potential vectors for the transport of sorbed metal(loid)s from wastewater to soils and organisms.
The oxidative potential of fresh and aged elemental carbon-containing airborne particles: a review
EC-containing airborne particles have diverse oxidative potentials dependent on their physical and chemical properties, which can be also changed by atmospheric aging processes.
Epidemiological significance of the occurrence and persistence of rotaviruses in water and sewage: a critical review and proposal for routine microbiological monitoring
Globally, waterborne gastroenteritis attributable to rotaviruses is on the increase due to the rapid increase in population growth, poor socioeconomic conditions, and drastic changes in climatic conditions.
Secondary organic aerosol formation from monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: insights from laboratory studies
This review summarizes in detail the current knowledge in the chemical compositions, formation mechanisms, and physicochemical properties of secondary organic aerosols formed from monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Emerging investigator series: microplastic sources, fate, toxicity, detection, and interactions with micropollutants in aquatic ecosystems – a review of reviews
Hundreds of review studies have been published focusing on microplastics (MPs) and their environmental impacts.
Effects of carbamazepine in aquatic biota
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is one of the most common pharmaceuticals found in the aquatic environment.
A review on nirS-type and nirK-type denitrifiers via a scientometric approach coupled with case studies
The nirS-type and nirK-type denitrifiers have attracted great attention.
PFAS fate and destruction mechanisms during thermal treatment: a comprehensive review
Our critical review provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art understanding of PFAS thermal behavior and destruction mechanisms under different thermal destruction technologies and further research needs.
Occurrence, human exposure, and risk of microplastics in the indoor environment
Pathways of human exposure to MPs and associated risks.
Review of ecotoxicological studies of widely used polystyrene nanoparticles
With polystyrene nanoparticles being widely used in various applications, there is a great need for deeper knowledge on the safety, fate and biological effects of these particles on both individual living organisms and the whole ecosystems.
Effects of nanoplastics on microalgae and their trophic transfer along the food chain: recent advances and perspectives
Nanoplastics (NPs) have drawn increasing attention in recent years due to their potential threats to aquatic ecosystems.
Environmental geochemistry of thioantimony: formation, structure and transformation as compared with thioarsenic
The review presents a way of comparing environmental geochemistry between thioantimony and thioarsenic, summarizing the latest knowledge about their formation, structure and transformation.
Emerging investigator series: the role of chemical properties in human exposure to environmental chemicals
We review how chemical properties govern human exposure to environmental chemicals through different routes from different sources.
Battling the known unknowns: a synoptic review of aquatic plastics research from Australia, the United Kingdom and China
A synoptic review of aquatic plastics research from Australia, the United Kingdom and China is presented, highlighting (a) key research and management challenges, and (b) a need to converge on standardised methods and bioindicator species to make global comparisons more reliable.
Insufficient evidence for the existence of natural trifluoroacetic acid
Examination of literatures surrounding purported natural trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) reveals that all TFA observations can be reasonably altributed to anthropogenic sources.
Research progress in the enhancement technology of soil vapor extraction of volatile petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants
At present, volatile petroleum hydrocarbon pollution in soil is still widespread and serious in China.
Absorption, distribution, and toxicity of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the brain: a review
This review integrates current understanding on uptake, accumulation and distribution of PFAS in the brain, along with potential neurotoxic outcomes.
Chlorpyrifos in environment and food: a critical review of detection methods and degradation pathways
Chlorpyrifos pesticides residues in various sources and the comparision of the various detection and degradation methods of chlorpyrifos.
Geochemical controls on CO2 interactions with deep subsurface shales: implications for geologic carbon sequestration
CO2 sequestration in shales is controlled by the intrinsic properties of shale and external factors shown in grey and green boxes, respectively. The adsorption capacity (orange box) is influenced by both intrinsic properties and external factors.
Distribution and ecological risk assessment of typical antibiotics in the surface waters of seven major rivers, China
The consumption and production of antibiotics in China rank highest in the world.
Finding essentiality feasible: common questions and misinterpretations concerning the “essential-use” concept
The essential-use concept is a tool that can guide the phase-out of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and potentially other harmful substances of concern.
Recent progress in research on PM2.5 in subways
This paper presents a comprehensive literature review on the research status of PM2.5 in subways over the past two decades.
Macroplastics in rivers: present knowledge, issues and challenges
The contextualization of macroplastics in a budget framework can help to improve our understanding of the physical processes determining macroplastic behaviour and impacts in rivers. Hence, better management practices can be adopted.
Phthalate pollution: environmental fate and cumulative human exposure index using the multivariate analysis approach
A comprehensive review was performed on the environmental fate, environmental occurrence, toxicity, physical–chemical properties, abiotic and biotic removal and degradation of phthalate esters (PAEs) to compute the overall phthalate exposure and their impact on human beings.
Ecotoxicology of persistent organic pollutants in birds
Considering the explosive growth of the list of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), the scientific community is combatting increasing challenges to protect humans and wildlife from the potentially negative consequences of POPs.
Plastic particles in soil: state of the knowledge on sources, occurrence and distribution, analytical methods and ecological impacts
Increased production and use of plastics has resulted in growth in the amount of plastic debris accumulating in the environment, potentially fragmenting into smaller pieces.
The fate of plastic in the ocean environment – a minireview
The fate of plastic in the ocean is influenced by physical, chemical and biological stressors. These cause fragemntation and the formation of micro and nanoplastics but also degradation of plastics.
Recent advances in the applications of nano-agrochemicals for sustainable agricultural development
Modern agricultural practices have triggered the process of agricultural pollution.
Reactivity-directed analysis – a novel approach for the identification of toxic organic electrophiles in drinking water
Drinking water consumption results in exposure to complex mixtures of organic chemicals, including natural and anthropogenic chemicals and compounds formed during drinking water treatment such as disinfection by-products.
About this collection
In addition to high quality research papers, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts features topical review articles. Reviews will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.