Themed collection Celebrating the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Electrochemical energy storage in a sustainable modern society
Oxide/polymer separator membranes allow alternative strategies for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries storing electrical energy for the grid.
Room-temperature liquid metal and alloy systems for energy storage applications
Liquid metals and alloy systems that feature inherent deformability, high electronic conductivity, and superior electrochemical properties have enabled further development of next-generation energy storage devices.
Inorganic nanomaterials for batteries
The availability of inorganic materials at the nano-dimension opens up opportunities for advanced battery designs and architectures. However, such materials must be chosen carefully to avoid deleterious side-reactions.
Batteries for electric road vehicles
The dependence of modern society on the energy stored in a fossil fuel is not sustainable.
What can we learn about battery materials from their magnetic properties?
Magnetic studies help better understand battery materials.
Some transition metal (oxy)phosphates and
vanadium oxides for lithium batteries
These electrochemically active phosphate tunnel structures, with one-dimensional lithium diffusion and different magnetic properties, are prime candidates for lithium batteries.
A chemistry and material perspective on lithium redox flow batteries towards high-density electrical energy storage
This review summarizes the latest advances and challenges from a chemistry and material perspective on Li-redox flow batteries that combine the synergistic features of Li-ion batteries and redox flow batteries towards large-scale high-density energy storage systems.
Spinel materials for high-voltage cathodes in Li-ion batteries
The success of lithium-ion batteries in small-scale applications translates to large-scale applications, with an important impact in the future of the environment by improving energy efficiency and reduction of pollution.
Lithium–oxygen batteries: bridging mechanistic understanding and battery performance
Fundamental and practical challenges of Li–O2 batteries are evaluated to provide new insights into the state of understanding, and to highlight promising research directions for the development of stable, efficient and rechargeable high-energy Li–O2 systems.
Development and challenges of LiFePO4 cathode material for lithium-ion batteries
In this review, we focus on LiFePO4 and discuss its structure, synthesis, electrochemical behavior, mechanism, and the problems encountered in its application.
Enabling multi-electron reaction of ε-VOPO4 to reach theoretical capacity for lithium-ion batteries
Synthesizing highly crystalline nano-sized ε-VOPO4 particles is the key to achieve theoretical capacity of 2 Li+ intercalation in lithium-ion batteries.
A new approach for recycling waste rubber products in Li–S batteries
Vulcanized rubber products contain polymer backbones crosslinked with sulfur to improve mechanical strength.
Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through control of site disorder
Site disorder not only enhances Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 lattice, but also fundamentally changes the phase transition pathway during electrochemical reactions.
Prussian blue: a new framework of
electrode materials for sodium batteries
Prussian blue and its analogues consisting of different transition-metal ions (Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, Co and Zn) have been synthesized at room temperature.
Micropores-in-macroporous gel polymer electrolytes for alkali metal batteries
Micropores-in-macroporous polymer membranes containing an immobilized-liquid electrolyte enable dendrite-free alkali metal batteries.
Rational synthesis and electrochemical performance of LiVOPO4 polymorphs
A thorough study on the stability of LiVOPO4 polymorphs to determine which is the most promising for Li-ion batteries.
Role of disorder in limiting the true multi-electron redox in ε-LiVOPO4
Ball-milling-induced disorder and defects impede multi-electron redox in ε-LiVOPO4 and trigger side reactions.
Identifying the chemical and structural irreversibility in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 – a model compound for classical layered intercalation
Anisotropic disorder along the c-axis results from static disorder.
Comparison of the polymorphs of VOPO4 as multi-electron cathodes for rechargeable alkali-ion batteries
VO6/VO5–PO4 frameworks govern electrochemical performance in VOPO4 polymorphs.
Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2: an intercalation cathode host for low-cost Na-ion batteries
The mineral eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2, is characterized as a potential cathode for a Na-ion battery that can be fabricated in charged-state.
Sulfur encapsulated in porous hollow CNTs@CNFs for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries
A novel carbon-sulfur nanoarchitecture with a high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area of ~80 m2 g−1 and a total pore volume of ~0.2cm3 g−1 shows a high capacity of ~ 700 mAh g−1 at 1 C and 520 mAh g−1 at 5 C after 100 cycles, which makes it a superior cathode material for a rechargeable Li–S battery.
Optimizing Li+ conductivity in a garnet framework
The garnet-related oxides with the general formula Li7−xLa3Zr2−xTaxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were prepared by conventional solid-state reaction.
Rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery
Schematic cell of rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery.
The synthesis, characterization and electrochemical behavior of the layered LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 compound
The lithium electrochemical cell LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 gave the highest reversible capacity of the mixed transition metal layered compounds studied.