Enhanced catalytic reaction at an air–liquid–solid triphase interface
Gaseous reactant involved liquid–solid diphase interface reactions can be significantly enhanced using rationally designed and constructed air–liquid–solid triphase systems.
Zinc–air batteries: are they ready for prime time?
Zn–air batteries are under revival.
Recent advances in alkoxy radical-promoted C–C and C–H bond functionalization starting from free alcohols
This feature article summarizes our recent achievements in alkoxy radical-promoted C–C and C–H bond functionalization starting from free alcohols.
Metallic nanostructures with low dimensionality for electrochemical water splitting
The recent advances in 1D and 2D metallic nanostructures for electrochemical water splitting (HER and OER) are highlighted.
Local biomaterials-assisted cancer immunotherapy to trigger systemic antitumor responses
Cancer immunotherapy by educating or stimulating patients’ own immune systems to attack cancer cells has demonstrated promising therapeutic responses in the clinic.
Frontiers in poly(ionic liquid)s: syntheses and applications
Recent works on the syntheses and applications of poly(ionic liquid)s are reviewed.
Emerging nanomedicine approaches fighting tumor metastasis: animal models, metastasis-targeted drug delivery, phototherapy, and immunotherapy
Nanomedicine approaches may bring new opportunities for tumor metastasis treatment.
Rational construction of functional molybdenum (tungsten)–copper–sulfur coordination oligomers and polymers from preformed cluster precursors
Discrete Mo(W)–Cu–S clusters are used as precursors and building blocks for a diverse array of cluster-supported coordination oligomers and polymers.
Engineered nanomembranes for smart energy storage devices
This review presents recent progress in engineered tubular and planar nanomembranes for smart energy storage applications, especially related to the investigation of fundamental electrochemical kinetics.
In situ optical spectroscopy characterization for optimal design of lithium–sulfur batteries
Recent advances in optimal design of lithium–sulfur batteries with the aid of in situ optical spectroscopic techniques, including Raman, infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopies, are systematically summarized.
Recent progress in the tailored growth of two-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride via chemical vapour deposition
A tutorial review of the state-of-the-art in the tailored growth of two-dimensional h-BN by virtue of CVD routes.
Design of a graphene nitrene two-dimensional catalyst providing a well-defined site accommodating up to three metals, with application to N2 reduction electrocatalysis
We studied NRR catalytic performance of metal cluster doped on the C2N monolayer, the homonuclear metal cluster (Rh3) and heteronuclear metal cluster (Co2Mo) were screened out, which have excellent catalytic performance.
An N,N′-diethylformamide solvent-induced conversion cascade within a metal–organic framework single crystal
A two-dimensional metal–organic framework undergoes four-step single-crystal to single-crystals conversions, including a three-step DEF-induced cascade conversion to shuttle back to its original connectivity.
The solvent-induced isomerization of silver thiolate clusters with symmetry transformation
The solvent-induced isomerizations of Ag12 clusters with symmetry transformations were realized by changing the coordinated solvent molecules at room temperature.
Color-tunable X-ray scintillation based on a series of isotypic lanthanide–organic frameworks
X-ray excited luminescence from lanthanide–organic frameworks are reported for the first time, enabling color-tunable visualization of X-ray radiation by changing the lanthanide moiety in the crystals.
Dihydrogen activation by intermolecular rare-earth aryloxide/N-heterocyclic carbene Lewis pairs
Cooperative H2 activation can be readily achieved by combination of homoleptic rare-earth aryloxides with N-heterocyclic carbenes under mild conditions.
5.1% efficiency of Si photoanodes for photoelectrochemical water splitting catalyzed by porous NiFe (oxy)hydroxide converted from NiFe oxysulfide
Highly efficient and stable Si photoanodes catalyzed by porous NiFe (oxy)hydroxide converted from NiFe oxysulfide for photoelectrochemical water splitting.
Circularly polarized luminescence of single-handed helical tetraphenylethylene–silica nanotubes
A supramolecular templating approach was employed to fabricate single-handed helical tetraphenylethylene-bridged polybissilsesquioxane nanotubes with circularly polarized luminescence activity.
Ni-Catalyzed deaminative hydroalkylation of internal alkynes
The utilization of readily prepared Katritzky salts derived from abundant primary amines as radical precursors for cis-hydroalkylation of internal alkynes is described.
Mechanistic insights into the gold(I)-catalyzed annulation of propiolates with isoxazoles: a DFT study
The detailed mechanisms of gold(I)-catalyzed annulations of propiolates with substituted and unsubstituted isoxazoles were investigated by DFT calculations.
Th@C1(11)-C86: an actinide encapsulated in an unexpected C86 fullerene cage
A novel actinide endohedral fullerene with an unexpected chiral cage, Th@C1(11)-C86, was synthesized and characterized.
Visible light induced controlled cationic polymerization by in situ generated catalyst from manganese carbonyl
Controlled cationic polymerization of various vinyl ethers is achieved under light radiation, utilizing commercially available reagents, under mild conditions and the molecular weight distributions can be modulated by simply regulating the irradiation time.
A multivalent mixed-metal strategy for single-Cu+-ion-bridged cluster-based chalcogenide open frameworks for sensitive nonenzymatic detection of glucose
Here we report two new metal-chalcogenide open frameworks (MCOFs) with large-sized supertetrahedral clusters bridged by an accessible single-cuprous ion via a multivalent mixed-metal strategy.
Temperature and solvent isotope dependent hierarchical self-assembly of a heterografted block copolymer
Push reversible transitions to the limit! Upon heating, 6–8 kinds of distinct nano-object morphologies can be achieved by H2O/D2O-mediated hierarchical self-assembly.
Visible-light-induced consecutive C–C bond fragmentation and formation for the synthesis of elusive unsymmetric 1,8-dicarbonyl compounds
Reported herein is a new strategy for the synthesis of unsymmetric 1,8-diketones through the coupling of cyclopropanols and cyanohydrins.
Solar-driven capacity enhancement of aqueous redox batteries with a vertically oriented tin disulfide array as both the photo-cathode and battery-anode
A dual-electrode, photo-enhanced aqueous redox battery synergizing photo-cathode and battery-anode is constructed via directly growing vertically oriented SnS2 on Ti mesh.
Stereo-selectivity switchable ROP of rac-β-butyrolactone initiated by salan-ligated rare-earth metal amide complexes: the key role of the substituents on ligand frameworks
A series of novel salan-ligated rare-earth metal amide complexes were prepared and employed as initiators for the ROP of rac-β-butyrolactone (rac-BBL).
Deriving highly oriented organic nanofibers and ternary memory performance via salification-induced effects
A novel pyridine-based organic conjugated molecule (NCPy) has been successfully synthesized and converted into an organic pyridinium salt (NCPy-salt). Highly oriented organic nanofibers and high-quality films were obtained by transforming the molecule to a salt form. This transformation also resulted in a unique ternary resistive switching memory behavior.
Triphenylamine derived titanium oxo clusters: an approach to effective organic–inorganic hybrid dyes for photoactive electrodes
Titanium oxo clusters (TOCs) anchored with photoactive triphenylamine dyes are reported for the first time. They are unusual TOCs modified with real applied dyes. Using these TPA dye pre-anchored TOCs as organic–inorganic hybrid dyes has advantages for DSSC applications.
The near-UV absorber OSSO and its isomers
The enigmatic near-UV absorber, OSSO, in the yellowish atmosphere of Venus and three novel isomers have been spectroscopically characterized.
Rectangle and catenane from cluster modular construction
A cluster rectangle and a catenane, respectively, featuring PN-type and cuboidal cluster subunits are synthesized from cluster modular constructions.
A bio-inspired homogeneous graphene oxide actuator driven by moisture gradients
An actuator driven by moisture gradients has been developed from a homogeneous graphene oxide film, relying on the in situ formation of a bilayer structure induced by water adsorption.
Diastereodivergent synthesis of bispirooxindoles via asymmetric Friedel–Crafts/aldol cascade reaction: co-catalyst effects on diastereoselective outcomes
The metal- and organo-catalyzed Friedel–Crafts/aldol cascade reaction has been developed to give diastereodivergent bispirooxindoles in high yields with excellent enantioselectivity.
Capture of SO3 isomers in the oxidation of sulfur monoxide with molecular oxygen
Two SO3 isomers, cis-OSOO and cyclic OS(O)O, were formed in the oxidation of SO and trapped in cryogenic matrices for spectroscopic characterization.
Controlling the enthalpy–entropy competition in supramolecular fullerene liquid crystals by tuning the flexible chain length
The supramolecular fullerene liquid crystal phase and structure can be regulated by controlling the enthalpy–entropy competition by tuning the flexible chain length.
Observing the dynamic “hot spots” on two-dimensional Au nanoparticles monolayer film
Interparticle spacing was controlled by evaporating water on 2D Au nanoparticles arrays.
Copper-catalyzed construction of eight-membered rings via oxidative ring expansion and intermolecular cyclization sequencing of indoles with amidines: efficient synthesis of benzo[1,3,5]triazocin-6(5H)-ones
Novel and efficient synthesis of eight-membered nitrogen heterocycles in one pot by copper-catalyzed oxidative ring expansion and intermolecular cyclization sequencing of indoles with amidines has been described.
Radical-carbene coupling reaction: Mn-catalyzed synthesis of indoles from aromatic amines and diazo compounds
A novel radical-carbene coupling reaction (RCC reaction) between aromatic amines and diazo compounds was well developed, which afforded a fundamentally different and efficient access to indoles.
An unusual porous cationic metal–organic framework based on a tetranuclear hydroxyl-copper(II) cluster for fast and highly efficient dichromate trapping through a single-crystal to single-crystal process
An unusual porous cationic metal–organic framework based on a tetranuclear hydroxy-copper(II) cluster displays fast and highly efficient dichromate trapping through a SC–SC transformation.
Thermo- and electro-dual responsive poly(ionic liquid) electrolyte based smart windows
A thermo- and electro-dual responsive poly(ionic liquid) electrolyte based smart window system shows both tunable transparency and electrochromic properties.
Chemodivergent synthesis of multi-substituted/fused pyrroles via copper-catalyzed carbene cascade reaction of propargyl α-iminodiazoacetates
A novel cascade reaction via γ-imino carbene is developed, which provides access to pyrroles in high yield with structure diversity.
Straightforward catalyst/solvent-free iodine-mediated living radical polymerization of functional monomers driven by visible light irradiation
A simple and highly efficient catalyst/solvent-free iodine-mediated polymerization system for functional monomers (DMAEMA, PEGMA and GMA) was successfully developed under irradiation of visible light or sunlight.
Transformation of masked benzyl alcohols to o-aminobenzaldehydes through C–H activation: a facile approach to quinazolines
A decorating strategy has been developed for the synthesis of important synthetic units from benzyl alcohols through C–H functionalization.
An effective host material with thermally activated delayed fluorescence formed by confined conjugation for red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes
A thermally activated delayed fluorescence material 2,6-bis(9,9-diphenylacridin-10(9H)-yl)pyrazine was designed and synthesized.
Controlled formation of chiral networks and their reversible chiroptical switching behaviour by UV/microwave irradiation
By using chiral diamines a chiral 3D coordination polymer is assembled to show reversible chiroptical switching behavior by UV/microwave irradiation.
Plant-derived fluorescent silicon nanoparticles featuring excitation wavelength-dependent fluorescence spectra for anti-counterfeiting applications
Crystalline, excitation-wavelength-dependent fluorescent and small-sized silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) are prepared by using gramineae plants as natural and accessible reaction precursors.
A room temperature approach for the fabrication of aligned TiO2 nanotube arrays on transparent conductive substrates
A novel room-temperature solution-approach is reported for the fabrication of highly crystallized TiO2 nanotube arrays on transparent conductive substrates.
Stereoselective organocatalytic oxidation of alcohols to enals: a homologation method to prepare polyenes
A novel method for organocatalytic oxidation through oxidative enamine catalysis was developed with excellent compatibility for the direct syntheses of enals from simple saturated alcohols.
A strategy for enhanced antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus by the assembly of alamethicin with a thermo-sensitive polymeric carrier
Enhanced antibacterial activity against microbial strains is achieved by the assembly of antimicrobial peptides with a thermo-sensitive polymeric carrier.
Novel synthesis of N-alkyl amines from tandem coupling of either methylamine or nitroalkane with aldehyde
A novel tandem method was developed to synthesize N-alkyl amines from coupling of either methylamine or nitroalkane with aldehyde.
Palladium-catalyzed highly regioselective 6-exo-dig cyclization and alkenylation of ortho-ethynylanilides: the synthesis of polyene-substituted benzo[d][1,3]oxazines
A Pd-catalyzed highly regioselective 6-exo-dig cyclization/alkenylation reaction of ortho-ethynylanilides has been developed.
Surface immobilization of a protease through an inhibitor-derived affinity ligand: a bioactive surface with defensive properties against an inhibitor
Surface immobilization of a protease through its inhibitor-derived peptide was shown to be advantageous in retaining the enzymatic activity of the protease and protecting the protease from being inhibited by its inhibitor.
Is overprotection of the sulfur cathode good for Li–S batteries?
Moderate dissolution of polysulfides in the electrolyte is indispensable for the high-efficiency and stable discharge/charge cycling of Li–S batteries.
Highly open rhombic dodecahedral PtCu nanoframes
An efficient approach that enables the direct creation of highly open PtCu nanoframes was developed for the first time.
An enzyme-activatable probe with a self-immolative linker for rapid and sensitive alkaline phosphatase detection and cell imaging through a cascade reaction
Simple conjugation of a phosphate moiety to a resorufin via a self-immolative linker resulted in a novel probe for rapid and sensitive phosphatase detection and cell imaging.
Direct observation of charge transfer between molecular heterojunctions based on inorganic semiconductor clusters
Charge transfer between inter-clusters is directly observed in inorganic molecular heterojunctions.
Practical, metal-free remote heteroarylation of amides via unactivated C(sp3)–H bond functionalization
A simple and practical approach for the regioselective heteroarylation of amides via unactivated C(sp3)–H bond functionalization is described.
Synthesis of glycopolymers with specificity for bacterial strains via bacteria-guided polymerization
Glycopolymers with specificity to template strain of E. coli were synthesised by the bacteria-sugar monomer-aptation-polymerization.
Mechanism unravelling for ultrafast and selective 99TcO4− uptake by a radiation-resistant cationic covalent organic framework: a combined radiological experiment and molecular dynamics simulation study
Separation of TcO4– by a cationic covalent organic framework is achieved for the first time, showing advantages of extremely fast sorption kinetics, ultrahigh uptake capacity, good anion-exchange selectivity, and excellent radiation resistance.
Carved nanoframes of cobalt–iron bimetal phosphide as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for efficient overall water splitting
Nanoframes of cobalt–iron bimetal phosphide enhance both HER and OER activities towards efficient overall water splitting.
Hybrid CuCoO–GO enables ultrasensitive detection of antibiotics with enhanced laser desorption/ionization at nano-interfaces
A hybrid CuCoO–GO matrix allows for sensitive detection of various antibiotics in combination with MALDI TOF MS.
Molecular mechanism of phosphoinositides' specificity for the inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir2.2
We investigated the binding mechanism of PI(4,5)P2 and variants on the inwardly rectifying potassium channel, Kir2.2. Our results not only demonstrated the molecular origin for their binding specificity, but also revealed the major driving forces.
Length-independent charge transport of well-separated single-crystal TiO2 long nanowire arrays
Vertically aligned and well-separated single-crystal TiO2 NW arrays with a length of up to ∼10 μm were synthesized via a simple solvothermal method. The charge transport in these NWs is over 100 times faster than that of nanoparticle films and remarkably exhibits length-independence.
Visible light-promoted ring-opening functionalization of unstrained cycloalkanols via inert C–C bond scission
Reported herein is a novel, useful, visible light-promoted ring-opening functionalization of unstrained cycloalkanols.
Surface engineering to achieve organic ternary memory with a high device yield and improved performance
Organic memories fabricated on surface-engineered indium tin oxide show the highest ternary yield (82%) to date and better performance.
The involvement of the trisulfur radical anion in electron-catalyzed sulfur insertion reactions: facile synthesis of benzothiazine derivatives under transition metal-free conditions
An efficient and practical synthesis of benzothiazine by K2S initiated sulfur insertion reaction with enaminones via electron catalysis is developed.
Understanding and removing surface states limiting charge transport in TiO2 nanowire arrays for enhanced optoelectronic device performance
An effective wet-chemistry approach is demonstrated to minimize the trap states that limit electron transport in rutile TiO2 nanowire arrays, this leads to an over 20-fold enhancement in the electron diffusion coefficient.
Oxalyl amide assisted palladium-catalyzed synthesis of pyrrolidones via carbonylation of γ-C(sp3)–H bonds of aliphatic amine substrates
The first Pd-catalyzed regioselective γ-carbonylation of oxalyl amide protected aliphatic amines with carbon monoxide leading to synthesis of pyrrolidones has been developed.
A two-dimensional molecular beacon for mRNA-activated intelligent cancer theranostics
A two-dimensional quantum dot molecular beacon with interconnected imaging and therapy modalities is developed for intelligent cancer theranostics.
Enantioselective cis-β-lactam synthesis by intramolecular C–H functionalization from enoldiazoacetamides and derivative donor–acceptor cyclopropenes
β-Lactam derivatives are produced through donor–acceptor cyclopropene intermediates in high yield with exclusive cis-diastereoselectivity, and high enantiocontrol.