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Issue 5, 2016
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Engineered nanomembranes for smart energy storage devices

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Engineered nanomembranes are of great interest not only for large-scale energy storage devices, but also for on-chip energy storage integrated microdevices (such as microbatteries, microsupercapacitors, on-chip capacitors, etc.) because of their large active surfaces for electrochemical reactions, shortened paths for fast ion diffusion, and easy engineering for microdevice applications. In addition, engineered nanomembranes provide a lab-on-chip electrochemical device platform for probing the correlations of electrode structure, electrical/ionic conductivity, and electrochemical kinetics with device performance. This review focuses on the recent progress in engineered nanomembranes including tubular nanomembranes and planar nanomembranes, with the aim to provide a systematic summary of their fabrication, modification, and energy storage applications in lithium-ion batteries, lithium–oxygen batteries, on-chip electrostatic capacitors and micro-supercapacitors. A comprehensive understanding of the relationship between engineered nanomembranes and electrochemical properties of lithium ion storage with engineered single-tube microbatteries is given, and the flexibility and transparency of micro-supercapacitors is also discussed. Remarks on challenges and perspectives related to engineered nanomembranes for the further development of energy storage applications conclude this review.

Graphical abstract: Engineered nanomembranes for smart energy storage devices

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Article information

13 Sep 2015
First published
21 Dec 2015

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016,45, 1308-1330
Article type
Review Article

Engineered nanomembranes for smart energy storage devices

X. Wang, Y. Chen, O. G. Schmidt and C. Yan, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2016, 45, 1308
DOI: 10.1039/C5CS00708A

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