Themed collection Editor’s Choice: Functional MOFs and COFs
Recent advances in metal–organic frameworks for gas adsorption/separation
This review summarizes the representative works of MOFs for gas adsorption/separation in recent years, analyses the host–guest interaction, structure–performance relations, and the adsorption/separation mechanism.
Process of metal–organic framework (MOF)/covalent–organic framework (COF) hybrids-based derivatives and their applications on energy transfer and storage
The fossil-fuel shortage and severe environmental issues have posed ever-increasing demands on clean and renewable energy sources, for which the exploration of electrocatalysts has been a big challenge toward energy transfer and storage.
Emergent electrochemical functions and future opportunities of hierarchically constructed metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks
Hierarchically constructed metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks toward emergent electrochemical applications.
Photoresponsive porous materials
Integration of molecular photoswitches in porous materials i.e. MOFs, COFs, PAFs provides responsive materials with a variety of functions ranging from switchable gas adsorption to macroscopic actuation.
Luminescent lanthanide metal–organic framework nanoprobes: from fundamentals to bioapplications
This minireview summarizes the recent advances in the emerging field of luminescent Ln-MOF nanoprobes, covering from fundamental insights to bioapplications.
Recent advances in pristine tri-metallic metal–organic frameworks toward the oxygen evolution reaction
This minireview summarizes the synthesis strategies to access trimetallic MOFs and their catalytic performances toward the oxygen evolution reaction.
Metal organic framework derived porous carbon materials excel as an excellent platform for high-performance packaged supercapacitors
This review systematically sums up the design principles and strategies for MOF precursors and discusses the relationship between MOF precursors and the target porous carbon for the accurate architecture of high-performance supercapacitors.
2D metal–organic framework-based materials for electrocatalytic, photocatalytic and thermocatalytic applications
2D MOF-based materials with unique characteristics have great potential in various electrocatalytic, photocatalytic and thermocatalytic applications.
Recent development of two-dimensional metal–organic framework derived electrocatalysts for hydrogen and oxygen electrocatalysis
Developing efficient and low-cost electrocatalysts with unique nanostructures is of great significance for improved electrocatalytic reactions, including the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR).
Development of biological metal–organic frameworks designed for biomedical applications: from bio-sensing/bio-imaging to disease treatment
This review introduces biological metal–organic frameworks (bio-MOFs) designed and prepared using biological ligands for bio-sensing, bio-imaging, and drug delivery.
Nanoscale covalent organic frameworks as theranostic platforms for oncotherapy: synthesis, functionalization, and applications
We outline the latest developments in COF-based nanomedicines for use in oncotherapy, including material synthesis, nanocrystallization, and functionalization strategies, as well as their therapeutics applications.
Flexible supercapacitor electrodes using metal–organic frameworks
Metal–organic frameworks are emerging players in the fabrication of flexible energy storage devices to power flexible and wearable electronics.
The function of metal–organic frameworks in the application of MOF-based composites
In this review, recent progress in MOF-based composites was summarized with an effort to clarify the structure–performance relationship of MOF-based composites, with particular emphasis on the functions of MOF components for practical applications.
Surface-coordinated metal–organic framework thin films (SURMOFs) for electrocatalytic applications
This review first summarizes surface-coordinated metal–organic framework thin films (SURMOFs) for electrocatalytic applications.
From metal–organic frameworks to porous carbon materials: recent progress and prospects from energy and environmental perspectives
Transforming MOFs into metal-free carbons is bringing the novel potential for MOFs to achieve industrialization owing to their with highly crystalline porous structures, showing great potential on the energy storage and environmental applications.
Two-dimensional metal–organic frameworks and their derivatives for electrochemical energy storage and electrocatalysis
The recent progress on the fabrication of two-dimensional metal–organic frameworks and their derivatives as well as their applications in electrochemical energy storage and electrocatalysis are reviewed.
Recent advances in two-dimensional-material-based sensing technology toward health and environmental monitoring applications
Low dimensional materials based sensors have improved the detection strategy for sensing complex substances present in environment and human body.
Assembling well-arranged covalent organic frameworks on MOF-derived graphitic carbon for remarkable formaldehyde sensing
A novel core–shell structured MOF-GC@COF heterostructure was synthesized with high sensing performance toward formaldehyde is presented.
Design strategies of two-dimensional metal–organic frameworks toward efficient electrocatalysts for N2 reduction: cooperativity of transition metals and organic linkers
W3C12X12 (X = O, S, and Se) were screened as promising NRR electrocatalysts with an ultralow limiting potential.
Understanding charge transport in wavy 2D covalent organic frameworks
A new wavy 2D covalent organic framework shines light on the structural factors that dominate charge transport.
Introducing electrical conductivity to metal–organic framework thin films by templated polymerization of methyl propiolate
Conductive SURMOF-composite thin films were successfully obtained by Pd-catalyzed polymerization of methyl propiolate and deeply investigated, finding evidence for depot release effects.
Fine-tuning of two-dimensional metal–organic nanostructures via alkali–pyridyl coordination
Fine-tuning of 2D metal–organic nanostructures is realized by alkali–pyridyl coordination.
A NiCo-MOF nanosheet array based electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are excellent materials for energy storage and conversion.
In-MOF-derived ultrathin heteroatom-doped carbon nanosheets for improving oxygen reduction
Two types of discrete complexes have been encapsulated in InOF-24 by impregnation method, and are then subjected to pyrolysis with a conversion to the porous carbon material (InFeCo@CNS900).
A new perspective of lanthanide metal–organic frameworks: tailoring Dy-BTC nanospheres for rechargeable Li–O2 batteries
Nanoscaled lanthanide metal–organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs), Dy-BTC nanospheres, are explored as an O2 electrode, which demonstrate an ultrahigh discharge capacity and long cycling life.
Boosting the photocatalytic CO2 reduction of metal–organic frameworks by encapsulating carbon dots
Small carbon dots as cocatalysts were loaded in MOF particles for CO2 reduction and their location effect was explored.
An electrochromic supercapacitor based on an MOF derived hierarchical-porous NiO film
Here, a hierarchical porous NiO film/ITO glass bifunctional electrode has been prepared successfully via growing MOF-74 in situ on ITO, which shows outstanding cycle reversibility, excellent capacitance, and high coloration efficiency.
Nanostructured potassium–organic framework as an effective anode for potassium-ion batteries with a long cycle life
Novel nanostructured non-redox-metal potassium metal–organic framework, [C7H3KNO4]n, as an effective organic anode for long-cycle life OPIBs.
Coupling of a conductive Ni3(2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene)2 metal–organic framework with silicon nanoparticles for use in high-capacity lithium-ion batteries
A composite of Si nanoparticles and a two dimensional porous conductive Ni3(2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene)2 (Ni3(HITP)2) metal–organic framework (MOF), namely Si/Ni3(HITP)2, is suggested as a potential anode material for Li-ion batteries.
Self-templated synthesis of Co3O4 hierarchical nanosheets from a metal–organic framework for efficient visible-light photocatalytic CO2 reduction
Co3O4 hierarchical nanosheets were synthesized by a self-templated strategy and showed excellent performance towards visible-light photocatalytic CO2 reduction to CO.
About this collection
Professor Paolo Samorì (University of Strasbourg, France), Associate Editor for Nanoscale and Nanoscale Advances, introduces his Editor’s Choice collection.
“Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent–organic frameworks (COFs) have established themselves during the last few years as chemically tuneable scaffolds displaying unique structures and ad hoc physical and chemical properties that can be tailored by design. Their assembly enables the generation of highly porous structures that can, for example, host chemical species for gas and liquid purification or sensing and can host ions for energy storage and catalysis.
This online collection from Nanoscale and Nanoscale Advances highlights some of the most enlightening recent results on MOF- and COF-based functional assemblies, by providing clear evidence for their outstanding potential to address today’s societal challenges in the field of energy as well as environmental sciences.”