Two-dimensional metal organic frameworks and their derivatives for electrochemical energy storage and electrocatalysis
The two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their derivatives with excellent dimension-related properties, e.g. high surface areas, abundantly accessible metal nodes, and tailorable structures, have attracted intensive attention as energy storage materials and electrocatalysts. A major challenge on the road toward the commercialization of the 2D MOFs and their derivatives is to achieve facile and controllable synthesis of the 2D MOFs with a high quality and at a low cost. Significant developments have been made in the synthesis and applications of the 2D MOFs and their derivatives in recent years. In this review, we first discuss the state-of-the-art synthetic strategies (including both the top-down and bottom-up approaches) for the 2D MOFs. Subsequently, we review the most recent application progresses of the 2D MOFs and their derivatives in the fields of electrochemical energy storage (e.g., batteries and supercapacitors) and electrocatalysis (of classical reactions such as HER, OER, ORR, and CO2RR). Finally, the challenges and promising strategies for the synthesis and applications of the 2D MOFs and their derivatives are addressed for the future development.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles