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Issue 7, 2020
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The function of metal–organic frameworks in the application of MOF-based composites

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Abstract

In the last two decades, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), as a class of porous crystalline materials formed by organic linkers coordinated-metal ions, have attracted increasing attention due to their unique structures and wide applications. Compared to single components, various well-designed MOF-based composites combining MOFs with other functional materials, such as nanoparticles, quantum dots, natural enzymes and polymers with remarkably enhanced or novel properties have recently been reported. To efficiently and directionally synthesize high-performance MOF-based composites for specific applications, it is vital to understand the structural–functional relationships and role of MOFs. In this review, preparation methods of MOF-based composites are first summarized and then the relationship between the structure and performance is determined. The functions of MOFs in practical use are classified and discussed through various examples, which may help chemists to understand the structural–functional relationship in MOF-based composites from a new perspective.

Graphical abstract: The function of metal–organic frameworks in the application of MOF-based composites

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Article information


Submitted
04 Mar 2020
Accepted
07 May 2020
First published
08 May 2020

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2020,2, 2628-2647
Article type
Review Article

The function of metal–organic frameworks in the application of MOF-based composites

L. Chen, X. Zhang, X. Cheng, Z. Xie, Q. Kuang and L. Zheng, Nanoscale Adv., 2020, 2, 2628 DOI: 10.1039/D0NA00184H

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