Metal–organic framework-derived one-dimensional porous or hollow carbon-based nanofibers for energy storage and conversion
This review summarizes the advances in the derivation of one-dimensional porous and hollow carbon nanofibers from metal–organic frameworks for energy storage and conversion.
Nanoscale delivery systems for cancer immunotherapy
Antigens and adjuvants are loaded onto various types of nanocarriers and presented to APCs for activation of an immune response.
Solar-driven photothermal nanostructured materials designs and prerequisites for evaporation and catalysis applications
Solar-driven photothermal conversion by nanostructured materials is a direct solar energy conversion process that has been used as a novel strategy to augment vaporization and catalysis performance.
The progress and prospects of non-fullerene acceptors in ternary blend organic solar cells
This review summarizes the advantages of non-fullerene acceptors and their applications in ternary blend organic solar cells.
Photocatalytic fixation of nitrogen to ammonia: state-of-the-art advancements and future prospects
The state-of-the-art developments in the photocatalytic reduction of N2 to NH3 are presented by classifying the photocatalysts based on chemical composition. Additionally, the correlation between the modification of catalysts and their photocatalytic activity is highlighted.
Bi2OS2: a direct-gap two-dimensional semiconductor with high carrier mobility and surface electron states
Bi2OS2 nanosheets possess tunable anomalous layer-dependent bandgaps, derived from the synergetic effect of the quantum confinement and surface electron states.
A general salt-resistant hydrophilic/hydrophobic nanoporous double layer design for efficient and stable solar water evaporation distillation
A unique hydrophilic/hydrophobic nanoporous double layer structure was designed for efficient and stable solar water evaporation distillation.
Crystalline silicon solar cells with tetracene interlayers: the path to silicon-singlet fission heterojunction devices
Solar cells utilising heterojunctions between crystalline silicon and singlet fission materials are a new competitor to silicon tandem cells.
Additive manufacturing of complex micro-architected graphene aerogels
High-resolution 3D printing of intricate graphene aerogel micro-architectures with enhanced mechanical properties at decreasing densities.
Bioinspired hierarchical composite design using machine learning: simulation, additive manufacturing, and experiment
A new approach to design hierarchical materials using convolutional neural networks is proposed and validated through additive manufacturing and testing.
High-yield production of 2D crystals by wet-jet milling
A novel liquid-phase exfoliation of layered crystals enables the production of defect-free and high quality 2D-crystal dispersions on a large scale.
Polymorphism controls the degree of charge transfer in a molecularly doped semiconducting polymer
Jacobs et al. present the first observation of both fractional and integer charge transfer phases in a single OSC:dopant system.
Pseudocapacitance contribution in boron-doped graphite sheets for anion storage enables high-performance sodium-ion capacitors
The high pseudocapacitance contribution in boron-doped graphite sheets for anion storage is demonstrated, and then utilized to fabricate Na-ion hybrid capacitors.
Two-dimensional ferroelectricity and switchable spin-textures in ultra-thin elemental Te multilayers
Robust elemental ferroelectricity and switchable spin-textures in air-stable Te multilayers.
Biofabrication of multifunctional nanocellulosic 3D structures: a facile and customizable route
We demonstrate a facile route for bacteria-based fabrication of 3D-shaped, hollow nanocellulosic objects and the new horizons enabled are also explored.
Photoelectrochemical response of carbon dots (CDs) derived from chitosan and their use in electrochemical imaging
Direct photoelectrochemical response of carbon dots (CDs) was attributed to a photogenerated electron-transfer process by CDs under illumination.
Mechanically triggered composite stiffness tuning through thermodynamic relaxation (ST3R)
Mechanically triggered relaxation of metastable liquid metal is used to autonomously alter the stiffness of a polymer composite. This approach to smart responsive materials exploits distribution in thermodynamic potential to tune the response rate.
Unidirectional water delivery on a superhydrophilic surface with two-dimensional asymmetrical wettability barriers
A superhydrophilic surface decorated with 2D hydrophobic water barriers is proven to be a potential platform for unidirectional liquid transport.
An all-solid-state biocompatible ion-to-electron transducer for bioelectronics
The first all solid state organic electrochemical transistor based upon the skin pigment melanin.
A three-dimensional multilayer graphene web for polymer nanocomposites with exceptional transport properties and fracture resistance
A CVD-grown high-density 3D multilayer graphene web (MGW) is used as the filler for polymer nanocomposites, delivering exceptional electrical and thermal conductivities with outstanding fracture toughness.
PLUS-M: a Porous Liquid-metal enabled Ubiquitous Soft Material
Liquid metal transforms into a porous structure and floats on the water surface with heating.
Writable and patternable organic solar cells and modules inspired by an old Chinese calligraphy tradition
A fabrication technique inspired by an old Chinese calligraphy tradition is developed to fabricate organic solar cells and modules.
An instant responsive polymer driven by anisotropy of crystal phases
An unprecedented responsive mechanism in a single-layered PVDF film is reported, in which a responsive shape change is driven by the anisotropy of crystal phases.
Band engineering in Mg3Sb2 by alloying with Mg3Bi2 for enhanced thermoelectric performance
The optimum Mg3Sb2–Mg3Bi2 alloy composition for thermoelectrics is modeled by analyzing transport properties and understanding changes in the electronic structure.
Co/CoP embedded in a hairy nitrogen-doped carbon polyhedron as an advanced tri-functional electrocatalyst
The hairy Co/CoP–HNC derived from common MOFs exhibits excellent tri-functional catalytic activity for ORR, OER, and HER in an alkaline solution.
Rationally designed meta-implants: a combination of auxetic and conventional meta-biomaterials
Rationally designed meta-implants were found to create compression along both of their contact lines with the surrounding bone, thereby decreasing the chance of bone–implant interface failure (Hoffman's criterion) and wear particle-induced osteolysis, and improving bone ingrowth.
Monitoring crack appearance and healing in coatings with damage self-reporting nanocapsules
A three-component nanocapsule-based system allows monitoring the health cycle of coatings via autonomous visual highlighting of damages and reversible erasing through healing.
About this collection
Showcasing some of the most popular articles published in Materials Horizons during 2018. We hope you enjoy reading them!