Themed collection Recent Open Access Articles
Wastewater research and surveillance: an ethical exploration
This article provides an ethical exploration of wastewater research surveillance, incorporating insights from data ethics, public health ethics, research ethics, and environmental and water ethics.
Targeting current and future threats: recent methodological trends in environmental antimicrobial resistance research and their relationships to risk assessment
Recent research on antimicrobial resistance in the environment has emphasized targeted methods. Increased use of non-targeted methods is needed to determine how frequently novel resistance genes arise.
Plant-wide systems microbiology for the wastewater industry
Infiltrating systems microbiology concepts in the water industry requires the development of a language of love and shared endpoints in analytical bioscience and process engineering at the (waste)water line.
The potential contribution of urine source separation to the SDG agenda – a review of the progress so far and future development options
Closing the human nutrient cycle with decentralized urine separation would help to achieve progress in food security and water protection – especially in poor countries. For this, radical innovation is needed along the whole sanitation value chain.
Quantitative sustainable design (QSD) for the prioritization of research, development, and deployment of technologies: a tutorial and review
This tutorial review synthesizes literature on sustainability analyses to introduce quantitative sustainable design (QSD) for technology research, development, and deployment.
Addressing main challenges in the tertiary treatment of urban wastewater: are homogeneous photodriven AOPs the answer?
Homogeneous photodriven advanced oxidation processes (HP-AOPs) have been increasingly investigated in past years as a possible alternative solution to conventional tertiary treatment methods of urban wastewater.
Macroscopic covalent organic framework architectures for water remediation
This article has critically reviewed the story of macroscopic developments of COFs for water remediation. The various macroscopic COFs for removing toxic organic and inorganic pollutants have been systematically surveyed.
Arsenic removal from Peruvian drinking water using milk protein nanofibril–carbon filters: a field study
A field study was carried out in Peru to remove arsenic from water in arsenic-contaminated regions using milk protein nanofibril filters. Results show that this technology can bring back water to drinking standard in both urban and rural settings.
Standardizing data reporting in the research community to enhance the utility of open data for SARS-CoV-2 wastewater surveillance
We propose a minimum set of meta-information to accompany the reporting of SARS-CoV-2 occurrence in wastewater for improved data interpretation.
Destruction of per/poly-fluorinated alkyl substances by magnetite nanoparticle-catalyzed UV-Fenton reaction
Novel economically-sustainable and environmentally-friendly technologies for per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) destruction are becoming increasingly important as PFAS contamination has increased in drinking water throughout the globe.
Advancing the understanding of mainstream shortcut nitrogen removal: resource efficiency, carbon redirection, and plant capacity
Shortcut nitrogen removal (SNR) reduces aeration, carbon, and alkalinity requirements, but the magnitude of this benefit is often overstated. SNR allows for upstream carbon diversion and anammox processes allow for significant WRRF capacity gains.
QSDsan: an integrated platform for quantitative sustainable design of sanitation and resource recovery systems
QSDsan is an open-source platform that integrates the design, simulation, and sustainability characterization of sanitation and resource recovery systems.
Environmental screening of water associated with shale gas extraction by fluorescence excitation emission matrix
We present a simple method for the screening of recovered water from shale gas extraction that can be used to avoid contamination incidents.
Automatic optimization of temporal monitoring schemes dealing with daily water contaminant concentration patterns
Online algorithms have been developed to automatically adjust monitoring schemes to sample instants characterized by maximum and/or minimum daily concentrations while reducing sampling costs with respect to traditional monitoring schemes.
Role of natural organic matter and hardness on lead release from galvanic corrosion
Suwannee river natural organic matter greatly increased dissolved lead release from galvanic corrosion due to complexation with humic acid-like substances.
Removal of 293 organic compounds in 15 WWTPs studied with non-targeted suspect screening
The influence of WWTP treatment standard on contaminant breakthrough is explored for 293 compounds.
Emerging investigator series: meta-analyses on SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA levels in wastewater and their correlations to epidemiological indicators
Recent applications of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) have demonstrated its ability to track the spread and dynamics of COVID-19 at the community level.
Performance of biochars for the elimination of trace organic contaminants and metals from urban stormwater
Biochar amendments to conventional sand filters can remove hydrophilic trace organic contaminants from urban stormwater and are, therefore, a good barrier to protect the aquatic environment.
Treatments of wood ash amended biochar to reduce nutrient leaching and immobilise lead, copper, zinc and cadmium in aqueous solution: column experiments
The pollution of aqueous environments by metals has continued to increase due to anthropogenic activities such as mining, waste disposal, industrial activities and the use of motor vehicles.
Effect of sodium silicate on drinking water biofilm development
Orthophosphate promotes more biofilm growth than sodium silicates at water temperatures above 20 °C.
Drivers of variability in disinfection by-product formation potential in a chain of thermally stratified drinking water reservoirs
Increasing hydraulic residence time (HRT) along a chain of interconnected reservoirs enhances the formation potential of carbonaceous disinfection by-products (DBPs) and reduces the formation potential of nitrogenous DBPs, particularly N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA).
Monitoring SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater during New York City's second wave of COVID-19: sewershed-level trends and relationships to publicly available clinical testing data
SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in New York City were significantly correlated with clinical case rates in corresponding sewersheds.
SARS-CoV-2 RNA abundance in wastewater as a function of distinct urban sewershed size
SARS-CoV-2 community wastewater surveillance across a range of scales to establish optimal sampling strategies.
Simultaneous prediction of trihalomethanes, haloacetic acids, haloacetonitriles and haloacetamides using simulated distribution system tests
This study analysed the spatial and temporal occurrence of 29 disinfection by-products (DBPs) formed by chlorination and chloramination.
AbspectroscoPY, a Python toolbox for absorbance-based sensor data in water quality monitoring
Absorbance-based sensors produce large raw attenuation datasets. We developed AbspectroscoPY, an open-source Python toolbox to implement semi-automated processing of these data and explore the full potential of high-frequency measurements.
SARS-CoV-2 RNA is enriched by orders of magnitude in primary settled solids relative to liquid wastewater at publicly owned treatment works
We compared SARS-CoV-2 RNA concentrations in primary settled solids and raw wastewater samples matched in date to investigate the relationship between the two matrices.
Reactivities of hydrated electrons with organic compounds in aqueous-phase advanced reduction processes
Novel linear free energy relationships were determined between experimentally measured rate constants of solvated electrons and theoretically calculated one electron reduction potential for the elucidation of reductive reaction mechanisms.
Application of plasma for the removal of pharmaceuticals in synthetic urine
Application of plasma oxidation for removal of pharmaceuticals in urine was assessed and compared to a traditional advanced oxidation process.
Fate of influent microbial populations during medium chain carboxylic acid recovery from brewery and pre-fermented food waste streams
Waste streams continuously introduce active and inactive microbial populations that can influence assembly of microbial communities in chain elongation systems.
Development of a rapid pre-concentration protocol and a magnetic beads-based RNA extraction method for SARS-CoV-2 detection in raw municipal wastewater
We demonstrate the application of a rapid pre-concentration protocol and a magnetic bead-based RNA extraction method for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA from raw wastewater without the need for extensive sample treatment.
Molecular changes among non-volatile disinfection by-products between drinking water treatment and consumer taps
The formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) during drinking water treatment has been associated with various health concerns but the agents, i.e., the DBPs that cause these health concerns, are still unknown.
Precipitation-induced transport and phase partitioning of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in urban and rural watersheds
Particle-bound OPEs were observed at fractions higher than expected based on predicted partitioning behaviour, i.e. organic carbon–water partitioning ratios (log ) calculated from field data were generally higher than predicted values.
Immunological detection of thymine dimers in indigenous genomic DNA from pre-disinfection drinking water as an ultraviolet disinfection dosimeter
A linear UV dose response is demonstrated using an ELISA assay that measures thymine dimers formed in the genomic DNA extracted from the mixed species of microorganisms filtered from UV treated pre-disinfection drinking water.
Elementary reaction-based kinetic model for the fate of N-nitrosodimethylamine under UV oxidation
UV photolysis is an effective process to remove nitrosamines from contaminated water resources.
The heat recovery potential of ‘wastewater’: a national analysis of sewage effluent discharge temperatures
Environmental water quality data from England are used to establish the excess heat in sewage effluent discharges to rivers and subsequently estimate the national scale heat recovery potential of wastewater.
Amyloid fibril-based membranes for PFAS removal from water
We introduce a green and efficient approach for removing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) based on the β-lactoglobulin amyloid fibril membrane.
Development of trash exclusion for mechanized pit latrine emptying
The trash-excluding attachment (Excluder) can be connected to a custom vacuum (such as the Flexcrevator), a vacuum truck, or a sludge pump. The system allows the mechanized emptying of pit latrines with high levels of trash without manual “fishing”.
Degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate via in situ electro-generated ferrate and permanganate oxidants in NOM-rich source waters
The electrooxidation of PFOS can be significantly improved with the simultaneous electrosynthesis of ferrate and permanganate from low concentration ambient Fe2+ and Mn2+ in source waters, even in the presence of natural organic matter (NOM).
A novel passive sampling approach for SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater in a Canadian province with low prevalence of COVID-19
A simple passive sampling protocol using cheesecloth and electronegative filters coupled with a Tween®20-based elution technique provided reliable detection of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater at targeted locations in a region of low COVID-19 prevalence.
Bacterial transmission and colonization in activated carbon block (ACB) point-of-use (PoU) filters
Identifying the breakthrough pattern of drinking water bacteria through faucet-mounted activated carbon block filters at the point of use using abiotic microspheres and biotic surrogates, fluorescent-tagged E. coli and P. aeruginosa.
Electrochemical system for selective oxidation of organics over ammonia in urine
Low pH allows for selective oxidation of the organic fraction in urine while retaining nitrogen.
Impact of service line replacement on lead, cadmium, and other drinking water quality parameters in Flint, Michigan
This study elucidates the short- and long-term impacts of lead service line replacement in Flint homes following a corrosion event.
Water quality changes during the first meter of managed aquifer recharge
The direct sampling method revealed the high treatment capacity of the unsaturated zone and the significant impact of infiltration basin management on microbial communities in managed aquifer recharge (MAR).
Cast iron drinking water pipe biofilms support diverse microbial communities containing antibiotic resistance genes, metal resistance genes, and class 1 integrons
Droplet digital PCR revealed antibiotic resistance genes, metal resistance genes, and intI1 across all pipe biofilm sample types (biomass surfaces, pipe surfaces, corrosion tubercles, and under corrosion tubercles).
Pilot-scale removal of organic micropollutants and natural organic matter from drinking water using ozonation followed by granular activated carbon
Conventional drinking water treatment is inefficient in removing a large fraction of known organic micropollutants (OMPs). Ozonation in combination with granular activated carbon is a promising approach for addressing this issue.
Reproducibility and sensitivity of 36 methods to quantify the SARS-CoV-2 genetic signal in raw wastewater: findings from an interlaboratory methods evaluation in the U.S.
The reproducibility and sensitivity of 36 methods for quantifying the genetic signal of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater was evaluated in a nationwide interlaboratory assessment in the U.S.
About this collection
Please see below for recent Open Access papers published in Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology.