Celebrating 10 years of Nanoscale
Celebrating 10 years of Nanoscale.
Engineering ultrasmall metal nanoclusters for photocatalytic and electrocatalytic applications
The many fundamental properties of ultrasmall noble metal nanoclusters have made it increasingly clear that they possess enormous potential for photo- and electro-catalytic applications due to their unique electronic and optical properties.
Isothermal titration calorimetry as a complementary method for investigating nanoparticle–protein interactions
Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is a complementary technique that can be used for investigations of protein adsorption on nanomaterials, as it quantifies the thermodynamic parameters of intermolecular interactions in situ.
Recent advances of AIE dots in NIR imaging and phototherapy
This review highlights various strategies to develop AIE dots through controlling different energy decay pathways for applications in NIR bioimaging and phototherapy.
Towards fast-charging technologies in Li+/Na+ storage: from the perspectives of pseudocapacitive materials and non-aqueous hybrid capacitors
Pseudocapacitive materials and non-aqueous hybrid capacitors represent promising strategies to realize fast-charging technologies. This minireview provides fundamentals and recent developments of these two growing research fields.
Perspectives for Ag2S NIR-II nanoparticles in biomedicine: from imaging to multifunctionality
A critical analysis of the synthesis routes, properties and optical features of Ag2S nanoparticles is presented. The future perspectives of this material for advanced bioimaging are discussed.
Fusion growth patterns in atomically precise metal nanoclusters
This mini-Review summarizes the fusion growth patterns of metal nanoclusters based upon M4, M13 and M14 building blocks.
Carbon dots: advances in nanocarbon applications
We highlight the recent progress in the practical applications of C-Dots, with particular attention to the research in light-emitting devices, bioimaging and biodetection, catalysis, functional materials, and agriculture.
Nanoinformatics, and the big challenges for the science of small things
The combination of computational chemistry and computational materials science with machine learning and artificial intelligence provides a powerful way of relating structural features of nanomaterials with functional properties.
Recent advances in plasma modification of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides
Plasma processing is effective in diverse modifications of nanoscale 2D-TMDC materials, owing to its uniquely controllable, effective and clean characteristics.
Decentralized manufacturing for biomimetics through cooperation of digitization and nanomaterial design
Decentralized manufacturing is advocated to promote biomimetic manufacturing through the cooperation of digitization-based 3D printing technology and nanomaterials design.
Advances in portable electrospinning devices for in situ delivery of personalized wound care
Kinds of portable electrospinning devices for in situ personal wound care including hand-held spinneret, battery powered and generator powered ones were reviewed.
Biomedical and bioimaging applications of 2D pnictogens and transition metal dichalcogenides
Multifunctional platforms will play a key role and gain more prominence in the field of personalized healthcare worldwide in the near future due to the ever-increasing number of patients suffering from cancer.
2D material broadband photodetectors
2D materials and their hybrid structures have high application prospects in broadband photodetection, making them promising complements to traditional schemes.
Effective detection of bacteria using metal nanoclusters
Overview of NCs-based bacterial sensing strategies.
Electrochemical investigations of metal nanostructure growth with single crystals
Electrochemical measurements with single-crystal electrodes reveal the facet-dependent chemistry that causes anisotropic growth of metal nanocrystals.
Reactive nanotemplates for synthesis of highly efficient electrocatalysts: beyond simple morphology transfer
Template-mediated synthesis using reactive nanotemplates via various chemical conversion reactions to yield highly efficient electrocatalysts.
Perovskite quantum dots for light-emitting devices
Perovskite QDs are promising platforms for light-emitting applications. Advances in perovskite QDs, including optoelectronic properties and device performance are discussed.
A new high-capacity and safe energy storage system: lithium-ion sulfur batteries
Lithium-ion sulfur batteries as a new energy storage system with high capacity and enhanced safety have been emphasized, and their development has been summarized in this review.
Designing superior solid electrolyte interfaces on silicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries
The solid electrolyte interface (SEI) is a passivation layer formed on the surface of lithium-ion battery (LIB) anode materials produced by electrolyte decomposition.
Nanotechnology and nanomaterial-based no-wash electrochemical biosensors: from design to application
Versatile design strategies for fabricating no-wash electrochemical biosensors are deeply summarized and the challenges and future prospects are presented.
Graphene-based wearable sensors
Based on the good characteristics of graphene, many physiological signals can be detected by graphene sensors covering the human body. Graphene wearable sensors have great potential in healthcare and telemedicine.
Synthesis, growth mechanisms, and applications of palladium-based nanowires and other one-dimensional nanostructures
We review the synthesis, characterization, and applications of one-dimensional palladium-based nanostructures and provide perspectives on future directions in this field.
Synthesis of low- and high-index faceted metal (Pt, Pd, Ru, Ir, Rh) nanoparticles for improved activity and stability in electrocatalysis
High- and low-index faceted metal (Pt, Pd, Ru, Ir, Rh) nanoparticles designed for improved electrocatalytic activity and stability are reviewed.
Monodisperse nanoparticles for catalysis and nanomedicine
Monodisperse nanoparticles are successful model systems for understanding structure–property relationships at the nanoscale and applications like catalysis and nanomedicine.
Advances in the synthesis and design of nanostructured materials by aerosol spray processes for efficient energy storage
We present a thorough review on the advances of the aerosol spray processes for synthesis of nanostructured materials for next-generation rechargeable batteries, including the insights into formation mechanism, current status, and future outlook.
Tungsten oxide nanostructures and nanocomposites for photoelectrochemical water splitting
This paper reviews nanostructural tungsten oxides and their nanocomposites to enhance the activity of photoelectrochemical water splitting.
Embracing high performance potassium-ion batteries with phosphorus-based electrodes: a review
The ever-increasing global energy demand and rising price of raw materials adopted in currently prevalent lithium ion batteries (LIBs) have boosted the development of potassium ion batteries (KIBs).
Photocatalytic activity of exfoliated graphite–TiO2 nanoparticle composites
We report the photocatalytic performance of composites prepared in a one-step process by liquid phase exfoliation of graphite and TiO2 at atmospheric pressure and in water, without heat or surfactants, starting from low-cost commercial reagents.
A facile synthetic approach to nanostructured Li2S cathodes for rechargeable solid-state Li–S batteries
We report a facile and scalable microwave approach to directly synthesize nanostructured Li2S which presents an ideal architecture for the construction of free-standing cathodes for all-solid-state Li–S batteries.
Hypoxia-induced biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles in the living brain
While a large number of studies deal with biomedical applications of various types of nanoparticles synthesized using wet chemistry, we propose the concept of targeted biosynthesis of nanoparticles in the living brain.
Plasmonic bimetallic nanodisk arrays for DNA conformation sensing
The integration of large-scale 2D bimetallic Ag/Au nanodisk arrays with gold nanoparticles is developed for sensing DNA conformation with the assistance of 3D finite-difference time-domain simulation.
2D hybrid networks of gold nanoparticles: mechanoresponsive optical humidity sensors
2D all-covalent networks of Au nanoparticles, interconnected with hygroscopic organic linkers, act as highly sensitive humidity sensor. The interparticle distance changes in presence of moisture to reversibly trigger plasmonic coupling collectively.
Functionalization and patterning of nanocellulose films by surface-bound nanoparticles of hydrolyzable tannins and multivalent metal ions
Functionalization and patterning of nanocellulose with tannin–metal ion complexes.
WO3 nanosheets rich in oxygen vacancies for enhanced electrocatalytic N2 reduction to NH3
WO3 nanosheets rich in oxygen vacancies are efficient for electrocatalytic N2-to-NH3 fixation under ambient conditions with a NH3 yield of 17.28 μg h−1 mgcat.−1 and a faradaic efficiency of 7.0% in 0.1 M HCl.
Catalytic hydrogen evolution reaction on “metal-free” graphene: key role of metallic impurities
Molecular hydrogen is widely considered as a potential carbon-free and renewable energy carrier for a sustainable energy strategy. Carbon nanotubes are widely promoted as metal-free catalysts – however, we show that the metallic impurities drive hydrogen production.
Antenna-coupled vacuum channel nano-diode with high quantum efficiency
Vacuum channel diodes have the potential to serve as a platform for converting free-space electromagnetic radiation into electronic signals within ultrafast timescales.
Sensitive field-effect transistor sensors with atomically thin black phosphorus nanosheets
Atomically thin black phosphorus (BP) field-effect transistors have excellent potential for sensing applications.
Predicting structure/property relationships in multi-dimensional nanoparticle data using t-distributed stochastic neighbour embedding and machine learning
Visualization can be a useful precursor to quantitative machine learning methods for uncovering structure/property relationships.
Light-harvesting porphyrazines to enable intramolecular singlet fission
Quantitative intramolecular FRET from a porphyrazine to pentacene enhances singlet fission with triplet quantum yields up to 200% ± 20% in benzonitrile.
Hybrid nanovaccine for the co-delivery of the mRNA antigen and adjuvant
For efficient cancer vaccines, the antitumor function largely relies on cytotoxic T cells, whose activation can be effectively induced via antigen-encoding mRNA, making mRNA-based cancer vaccines an attractive approach for personalized cancer therapy.
Control of highly anisotropic electrical conductance of tellurene by strain-engineering
The highly anisotropic electron mobility and electrical conductance of β-Te can be controlled by strain-engineering and the direction of electrical conductance of β-Te can be changed from the armchair to the zigzag direction at a strain between −1% and 0%.
Janus Ag/Ag2S beads as efficient photothermal agents for the eradication of inflammation and artery stenosis
Janus Ag/Ag2S beads with enhanced photothermal conversion ability and good biosafety ablate macrophages from the original state of artery inflammation.
Hydrothermal synthesis of polydopamine-functionalized cobalt-doped lanthanum nickelate perovskite nanorods for efficient water oxidation in alkaline solution
Polydopamine functionalized cobalt-doped lanthanum nickelate perovskite nanorods for with high intrinsic activity for electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction.
Towards efficient and stable perovskite solar cells employing non-hygroscopic F4-TCNQ doped TFB as the hole-transporting material
Designing an efficient and stable hole transport layer (HTL) material is one of the essential ways to improve the performance of organic–inorganic perovskite solar cells (PSCs).
Heat generation by branched Au/Pd nanocrystals: influence of morphology and composition
The heating ability of bimetallic octopods strongly depends on their size, branch dimensions and gold-palladium ratio.
Cell membrane based biomimetic nanocomposites for targeted therapy of drug resistant EGFR-mutated lung cancer
A cancer cell membrane-based biomimetic strategy was developed by loading doxorubicin and icotinib to overcome drug-resistance of EGFR-mutation lung cancer.
A general approach to multicomponent metal-decorated crumpled reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites using a flame-based process
This manuscript presents a new single-step flame route to making multicomponent metal-decorated crumpled reduced graphene oxide balls.
Understanding the mechanism of metal-induced degradation in perovskite nanocrystals
Iodide migration and leaching out of the perovskite towards the metal, forming metal iodides, is identified as the main driving force behind the interaction between these two nanocrystals, eventually leading to the degradation of the perovskite.
Epitaxial growth and defect repair of heterostructured CuInSexS2−x/CdSeS/CdS quantum dots
Heterostructured quantum dots (hetero-QDs) have outstanding optical properties and chemical/photostability, which make them promising building blocks for use in various optoelectronic devices.
Prussian blue analogue nanoenzymes mitigate oxidative stress and boost bio-fermentation
This work demonstrated the efficacy of Prussian blue analogue nanoparticles as effective scavengers of reactive oxygen species under plasma-controlled cellular stress conditions and a booster of ethanol fuel production by yeast fermentation.
Surface-bound sacrificial electron donors in promoting photocatalytic reduction on titania nanocrystals
Direct binding of sacrificial electron donors to the surface of titania nanocrystals significantly promotes photocatalytic reduction reactions.
Gold nanorod enhanced conjugated polymer/photosensitizer composite nanoparticles for simultaneous two-photon excitation fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy
Plasmon resonance and energy transfer are integrated to prepare nano-photosensitizers with enhanced two-photon excitation fluorescence and singlet oxygen generation ability.
Different platinum crystal surfaces show very distinct protein denaturation capabilities
This article shows that the structure of protein HP35 is well preserved on the Pt(100) crystal surface, whereas it is severely disrupted on Pt(111), due to a distinct water behavior in the first solvation shell of the two Pt crystal surfaces.
Spin polarization and tunable valley degeneracy in a MoS2 monolayer via proximity coupling to a Cr2O3 substrate
A first-principles study demonstrates that spin polarization and tunable valley degeneracy can be induced in the MoS2 monolayer on a Cr2O3 substrate via the magnetic proximity effect.
Temperature-induced molecular reorganization on Au(111) driven by oligomeric defects
Quantification of the effect of partial dehalogenation on SAMN of a bromo-substituted heterotriangulene molecule by a comprehensive DFT/MC model.
Multiscale porous Fe–N–C networks as highly efficient catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction
Dual-template method was proposed to synthesize multiscale porous Fe–N–C catalysts, which exhibited a superior ORR performance in comparison with that of commercial Pt/C.
Identification of vibration modes in single-molecule junctions by strong inelastic signals in noise
Inelastic electron noise spectroscopy technique combining a high-bias shot noise with vibration-induced two level fluctuations.
Highly selective microglial uptake of ceria–zirconia nanoparticles for enhanced analgesic treatment of neuropathic pain
Microglia-targeting ceria–zirconia nanoparticles enhance the analgesic effect of nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain.
Understanding ferroelectric phase formation in doped HfO2 thin films based on classical nucleation theory
The nucleation theory is revisited to understand the unexpected ferroelectric phase formation in HfO2-based thin films. Considering the two-step phase transition from amorphous doped HfO2, the ferroelectric phase formation can be understood.
Photo-annealed amorphous titanium oxide for perovskite solar cells
Photo annealing system under dry condition has been developed to fabricate low temperature amorphous TiO2 electron extraction layer for perovskite solar cells.
Germanane synthesis with simultaneous covalent functionalization: towards highly functionalized fluorescent germananes
We describe exfoliation and subsequent modification of calcium germanide, which yields layered germanium materials with alkyl or aryl groups. Different organic functional group covalently derivatized layered germananes exhibit very intense fluorescence.
Accelerated site-selective photooxidation on Au nanoparticles via electrochemically-assisted plasmonic hole ejection
Deposition of PbO2 and dissolution of Au are electrochemically driven at selected sites of Au nanoparticles on a transparent electrode on the basis of hole ejection from the plasmonic resonance sites.
Trimetallic palladium–copper–cobalt alloy wavy nanowires improve ethanol electrooxidation in alkaline medium
This study presents an example of how to prepare low-palladium PdCuCo alloy nanowires as improved anode electrocatalysts for direct ethanol fuel cells.
3D hybrid networks of gold nanoparticles: mechanoresponsive electrical humidity sensors with on-demand performances
We have engineered macroscopic 3D porous networks of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) chemically interconnected by di-thiolated ethylene glycol oligomers.
Interfacial icelike water local doping of graphene
The interfacial icelike water layer contributed to hole doping in the graphene through charge transfer from graphene to the icelike water layer.
Self-templated construction of 1D NiMo nanowires via a Li electrochemical tuning method for the hydrogen evolution reaction
A new electrochemical method, namely the Li electrochemical tuning method, is introduced in this work to fabricate 1D NiMo nanowires, which display high activity towards the hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline media.
Gold adatoms modulate sulfur adsorption on gold
Sulfur adsorption on Au(111) at high coverage has been studied by density functional calculations.
Stimulation of bone formation by monocyte-activator functionalized graphene oxide in vivo
Graphene oxide complexed with calcium phosphate nanoparticles enhances bone regeneration through signalling between monocytes and mesenchymal stem cells.
Carbon fragments as highly active metal-free catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction: a mechanistic study
Carbon fullerene fragments with low group-symmetry are highly active catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction.
About this collection
As part of the celebrations for Nanoscale’s 10th Anniversary in 2019, we are delighted to introduce to you our 10th Anniversary Special Issue. Featuring high quality research and review articles from some of the top authors in nanoscience and nanotechnology, we hope you enjoy reading this very special issue.
We would like to thank all of our authors, reviewers, and readers for your incredible support since we launched in 2009, and we look forward to seeing what developments the next decade will bring!