Themed collection Around the Supermarket: Staple Foods
Processing of oat: the impact on oat's cholesterol lowering effect
Human studies have clearly demonstrated the beneficial impact of consuming oats on cholesterol levels, however, processing can have a significant influence on functionality, which has not yet been fully addressed.
Molecular actions of hypocholesterolaemic compounds from edible mushrooms
Edible mushrooms contain bioactive compounds able to modulate the expression of genes related to absorption, biosynthesis and transport of cholesterol and regulation of its homeostasis.
Red wine extract preserves tight junctions in intestinal epithelial cells under inflammatory conditions: implications for intestinal inflammation
Red wine polyphenols protect the intestinal barrier against inflammatory stimuli by modulating the gene expression of key tight junction proteins.
Comparison of the nutritional properties and biological activities of kiwifruit (Actinidia) and their different forms of products: towards making kiwifruit more nutritious and functional
The nutritional properties and biological activities of kiwifruit and their different products made from same raw kiwifruit were investigated.
Modulation of gut microbiota by mulberry fruit polysaccharide treatment of obese diabetic db/db mice
Increasing evidence indicates that gut microbiota is an important factor in mediating the development of metabolic disorders, especially type 2 diabetes.
Granny Smith apple procyanidin extract upregulates tight junction protein expression and modulates oxidative stress and inflammation in lipopolysaccharide-induced Caco-2 cells
Granny Smith apple procyanidin extracts upregulate tight junction protein expression, probably acting via the modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation in lipopolysaccharide-induced Caco-2 cells.
Citrus peel extracts attenuated obesity and modulated gut microbiota in mice with high-fat diet-induced obesity
Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) and hydroxyl PMFs (HOPMFs) are mainly found in citrus peel and have shown anti-obesity potential in in vitro and in vivo studies.
Black rice anthocyanin-rich extract and rosmarinic acid, alone and in combination, protect against DSS-induced colitis in mice
Black rice anthocyanin-rich extract and rosmarinic acid ameliorated DSS-induced colitis in mice by down-regulating pro-inflammatory mediators and exhibited an additive interaction in reducing MPO, NO and the expression of some pro-inflammatory mediators.
Ultrasmall fluorescent nanoparticles derived from roast duck: their physicochemical characteristics and interaction with human serum albumin
Fluorescent nanoparticles (FNPs) produced from roast meat have drawn widespread attention due to their potential hazards to human health.
In vitro lipid digestion in raw and roasted hazelnut particles and oil bodies
The impact of roasting and food structure on digestion of hazelnut particles and oil bodies has been thoroughly investigated.
The inhibitory effect of Manuka honey on human colon cancer HCT-116 and LoVo cell growth. Part 1: the suppression of cell proliferation, promotion of apoptosis and arrest of the cell cycle
Manuka honey suppresses human colon cancer cell proliferation through the promotion of apoptosis.
Grape seed proanthocyanidins influence gut microbiota and enteroendocrine secretions in female rats
An 8-day treatment of GSPE changed the microbiota composition, and several microbiota taxa correlated with metabolic parameters and enterohormones.
In vitro digestion with bile acids enhances the bioaccessibility of kale polyphenols
Kale (Brassica oleracea) polyphenols and dietary fiber have key roles in bile acid binding, and these bile acids enhanced significanlty higher (69.4%) bioaccessibility of certain health-promoting polyphenolics.
Milk-derived bioactive peptides protect against oxidative stress in a Caco-2 cell model
Milk-derived bioactive peptides are able to prevent oxidative stress in Caco-2 cell model.
A metagenomics approach to the intestinal microbiome structure and function in high fat diet-induced obesity mice fed with oolong tea polyphenols
We investigate the modulatory effect of oolong tea polyphenols on the intestinal microbiota in human flora-associated high fat diet induced obese mice.
An exploratory study of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) (poly)phenols/metabolites in human biological samples
Characterization of red raspberry (poly)phenols in fruit, their metabolism, and presence in human biological samples after acute and chronic intake.
Effects of polysaccharides from purple sweet potatoes on immune response and gut microbiota composition in normal and cyclophosphamide treated mice
Three polysaccharides were extracted from purple sweet potatoes and then administered to normal and cyclophosphamide treated mice by gavage.
Metabolic fate of strawberry polyphenols after chronic intake in healthy older adults
Strawberry (poly)phenols produce an array of metabolites, some that persist in plasma while others are acutely enhanced when eaten chronically.
The important role of salivary α-amylase in the gastric digestion of wheat bread starch
Salivary α-amylase (HSA) from the bolus significantly contributed to the digestion of starch during the dynamic gastric digestion of wheat bread.
Bioavailability of hydroxycinnamates in an instant green/roasted coffee blend in humans. Identification of novel colonic metabolites
Reduced forms of hydroxycinnamates as new microbial metabolites after intake of a green/roasted coffee blend, together with the predominant phase II metabolites of reduced hydroxycinnamic acids, represented the most abundant group of colonic metabolites.
About this collection
This collection features recent papers curated by the Food & Function Editorial Office, focusing on some of the most common staples in the modern diet. Inspired by the ‘Around the Supermarket in 20 Tweets’ campaign on the Food & Function Twitter (@FoodRSC).