Environmental transmission of diarrheal pathogens in low and middle income countries
Globally more than half a million children die every year from diarrheal diseases. This Perspective suggests that reductions in diarrheal disease transmission in LMICs can be achieved by accounting for site-specific factors when designing environmental interventions. This is discussed in the context of the characteristics of the most important diarrheal diseases as well as environmental reservoirs.
Immobilized materials for removal of toxic metal ions from surface/groundwaters and aqueous waste streams
Immobilized materials can be potential remediation agents for the elimination of toxic metal ions from polluted streams.
Concentration dynamics of coarse and fine particulate matter at and around signalised traffic intersections
The understanding of rapidly evolving concentrations of particulate matter (PMC) at signalised traffic intersections (TIs) is limited, but it is important for accurate exposure assessment.
The dilemma in prioritizing chemicals for environmental analysis: known versus unknown hazards
A major challenge for society is to manage the risks posed by the many chemicals continuously emitted to the environment.
No measurable “cleaning” of polychlorinated biphenyls from Rainbow Trout in a 9 week depuration study with dietary exposure to 40% polyethylene microspheres
A diet containing microplastic at the highest feasible concentration did not measurably enhance fecal elimination of PCBs by Rainbow Trout.
Prolonged exposure to arsenic in UK private water supplies: toenail, hair and drinking water concentrations
Chronic exposure to arsenic (As) in drinking water is an established cause of cancer and other adverse health effects.
Role of snow and cold environment in the fate and effects of nanoparticles and select organic pollutants from gasoline engine exhaust
A novel snow chamber system is used to examine the effects of snow and freezing temperatures on exhaust-derived air pollutants.
Assessment of the long-term impacts of PM10 and PM2.5 particles from construction works on surrounding areas
Construction activities are common across cities; however, the studies assessing their contribution to airborne PM10 (≤10 μm) and PM2.5 (≤2.5 μm) particles on the surrounding air quality are limited.
Implications of observed PBDE diffusion coefficients in low density polyethylene and silicone rubber
Significance of PBDE diffusivities in polymers for passive sampling and for the risk to biota when associated with microplastics.
Formation of environmentally persistent free radical (EPFR) in iron(III) cation-exchanged smectite clay
Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs) have been found at a number of Superfund sites. Surrogate based Fe-loaded smectite clay showed a reduction in Fe(III) content after reaction with model organic contaminant (phenol) which led to the formation of EPFRs.