Acid-catalyzed, regioselective [3 + 3] annulation of enaminones and α-substituted cinnamic acids: access to 3,4-dihydropyridones and 2-piperidinones†
An efficient strategy for the synthesis of structurally diverse 3,4-dihydropyridones and 2-piperidinones is reported. The former was prepared via acid-catalyzed Michael addition of enaminones to electron-deficient α-substituted cinnamic acids followed by lactamization, whereas the latter was synthesized by the same methodology except that cinnamic acids were replaced with coumarin 3-carboxylic acids. A unique regioselective reactivity of the enaminones toward different cinnamic acid derivatives is described.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Synthetic methodology in OBC