Synthetic and immunological studies on trimeric MUC1 immunodominant motif antigen-based anti-cancer vaccine candidates†
Therapeutic vaccines have been regarded as a very promising treatment modality against cancer. Tumor-associated MUC1 is a promising antigen for the design of antitumor vaccines. However, body's immune tolerance and low immunogenicity of MUC1 glycopeptides limited their use as effective antigen epitopes of therapeutic vaccines. To solve this problem, we chose the immune dominant region of MUC1 VNTRs. We designed and synthesized its linear trivalent glycopeptide fragments and coupled the fragments with BSA. Immunological evaluation indicated that the antibodies induced by glycosylated MUC1 based vaccine 11 had a stronger binding than non-glycosylated 10. The novel constructed antigen epitopes have the potential to overcome the weak immunogenicity of natural MUC1 glycopeptides and deserve further research.