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Themed collection Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology

26 items
Editorial

Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology

Koen Janssens introduces the Synchrotron themed issue and provides an overview of the 7–10 November 2010 SR2A conference held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Graphical abstract: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Improved radiographic methods for the investigation of paintings using laboratory and synchrotron X-ray sources

This investigation explored the possibilities of state-of-the-art technologies in order to improve the quality of radiographic images of paintings.

Graphical abstract: Improved radiographic methods for the investigation of paintings using laboratory and synchrotron X-ray sources
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Fading of modern Prussian blue pigments in linseed oil medium

The fading of modern laboratory-synthesized and commercial Prussian blue, iron(III) hexacyanoferrate(II), based pigments in a linseed oil medium during exposure to light has been investigated.

Graphical abstract: Fading of modern Prussian blue pigments in linseed oil medium
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Comparison between TOF-ND and XRD quantitative phase analysis of ancient potteries

A non-invasive time-of-flight neutron diffraction (TOF-ND) analysis has been performed on archaeological pottery fragments from the excavation sites in the “Strait of Messina” area (Sicily, Southern Italy).

Graphical abstract: Comparison between TOF-ND and XRD quantitative phase analysis of ancient potteries
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Coupling a wavelength dispersive spectrometer with a synchrotron-based X-ray microscope: A winning combination for micro-X-ray fluorescence and micro-XANES analyses of complex artistic materials

Considers the attributes of a polycapillary-based Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer, with a particular focus on Cultural Heritage applications.

Graphical abstract: Coupling a wavelength dispersive spectrometer with a synchrotron-based X-ray microscope: A winning combination for micro-X-ray fluorescence and micro-XANES analyses of complex artistic materials
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Synthesizing lead antimonate in ancient and modern opaque glass

Investigates the evolution of lead antimonate production during different periods of History, highlighting the different production techniques.

Graphical abstract: Synthesizing lead antimonate in ancient and modern opaque glass
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

A new methodological approach for the chemical characterization of black crusts on building stones: a case study from the Catania city centre (Sicily, Italy)

This article focuses on the use of LA-ICP-MS analysis as a new methodological approach for the chemical investigation of black crusts covering the stone surface of monuments and buildings.

Graphical abstract: A new methodological approach for the chemical characterization of black crusts on building stones: a case study from the Catania city centre (Sicily, Italy)
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Imaging of cultural heritage objects using neutron resonances

A technique called Neutron Resonance Transmission Analysis is presented and applied to archaeological samples and museum objects.

Graphical abstract: Imaging of cultural heritage objects using neutron resonances
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

From Koto age to modern times: Quantitative characterization of Japanese swords with Time of Flight Neutron Diffraction

Time of Flight Thermal Neutron Diffraction was used to quantitatively characterize ten Japanese blades.

Graphical abstract: From Koto age to modern times: Quantitative characterization of Japanese swords with Time of Flight Neutron Diffraction
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Combined neutron and synchrotron X-ray microprobe analysis: attempt to disclose 3600 years-old secrets of a unique bronze age metal artifact

A combined approach of neutron and x-ray micro-beam techniques lifts hidden secrets of a 3600 years old prestigious status symbol.

Graphical abstract: Combined neutron and synchrotron X-ray microprobe analysis: attempt to disclose 3600 years-old secrets of a unique bronze age metal artifact
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

First examination of slag inclusions in medieval armours by confocal SR-µ-XRF and LA-ICP-MS

The origin of supposedly Lombard armours can be determined by analysing the micro-inclusions entrapped in their matrix. In this work, the coupling of LA-ICP-MS and confocal SR-µ-XRF permits to highlight the counterfeit.

Graphical abstract: First examination of slag inclusions in medieval armours by confocal SR-µ-XRF and LA-ICP-MS
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Optimization of mobile scanning macro-XRF systems for the in situ investigation of historical paintings

The development of a new scanning macro-XRF instrument and its application to several historical paintings (15th to 19th century) are presented.

Graphical abstract: Optimization of mobile scanning macro-XRF systems for the in situ investigation of historical paintings
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Imaging fossil bone alterations at the microscale by SR-FTIR microspectroscopy

The analysis of fossil bone thin sections by FTIR microspectroscopy allowed the characterization of diagenetic alterations at the histological scale.

Graphical abstract: Imaging fossil bone alterations at the microscale by SR-FTIR microspectroscopy
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Integrated X-ray and neutron-based analysis of bronze artefacts from the Ligurian settlement of Guardamonte-Monte Vallassa

Integrated neutron-based and X-rays based measurements were performed on bronze archaeological findings form a pre-Roman settlement to investigate their composition in a non-destructive way.

Graphical abstract: Integrated X-ray and neutron-based analysis of bronze artefacts from the Ligurian settlement of Guardamonte-Monte Vallassa
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

High energy X-ray powder diffraction for the imaging of (hidden) paintings

Imaging of pigment distributions in paintings and hidden under paintings by High energy X-ray powder diffraction.

Graphical abstract: High energy X-ray powder diffraction for the imaging of (hidden) paintings
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Further metallurgical analyses on silver coins of Trajan (AD 98–117)

A marked decrease in the silver content of the alloy of Trajan's denarii between the years AD 99 and AD 100 could be observed

Graphical abstract: Further metallurgical analyses on silver coins of Trajan (AD 98–117)
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Reverse engineering the ancient ceramic technology based on X-ray fluorescence spectromicroscopy

To further our understanding of the evolution of ceramic technology, we used a micro-X-ray beam to map the mineralogy and iron valence distribution of ceramic samples.

Graphical abstract: Reverse engineering the ancient ceramic technology based on X-ray fluorescence spectromicroscopy
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Multi-technique characterization of ancient findings from Gela (Sicily, Italy)

The non-destructive and micro-destructive multi-technique approach used to study ancient Sicilian samples provided information to fully characterize the decorated surface.

Graphical abstract: Multi-technique characterization of ancient findings from Gela (Sicily, Italy)
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

The use of microscopic X-ray diffraction for the study of HgS and its degradation products corderoite (α-Hg3S2Cl2), kenhsuite (γ-Hg3S2Cl2) and calomel (Hg2Cl2) in historical paintings

The use of microscopic X-ray diffraction for the study of HgS and its degradation products corderoite, kenhsuite and calomel in historical paintings.

Graphical abstract: The use of microscopic X-ray diffraction for the study of HgS and its degradation products corderoite (α-Hg3S2Cl2), kenhsuite (γ-Hg3S2Cl2) and calomel (Hg2Cl2) in historical paintings
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

New insights into alloy compositions: studying Renaissance bronze statuettes by combined neutron imaging and neutron diffraction techniques

The material composition and crystalline structures of Renaissance bronze sculptures have been analyzed by combining Neutron Imaging and Neutron Diffraction techniques using SScanSS, showing that these objects can be magnetic.

Graphical abstract: New insights into alloy compositions: studying Renaissance bronze statuettes by combined neutron imaging and neutron diffraction techniques
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Protrusions in a painting by Max Beckmann examined with confocal μ-XRF

The aim of this study is the investigation of the chemical reactions during the formation of protrusions in a painting by Max Beckmann.

Graphical abstract: Protrusions in a painting by Max Beckmann examined with confocal μ-XRF
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

Casting technology of Renaissance bronze statuettes: the use of TOF-neutron diffraction for studying afterwork of Renaissance casting techniques

The finishing techniques of Renaissance bronze statuettes are examined using Time of Flight Neutron Diffraction in order to prove that bronze sculptures could be cast without afterworking using chasing tools.

Graphical abstract: Casting technology of Renaissance bronze statuettes: the use of TOF-neutron diffraction for studying afterwork of Renaissance casting techniques
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the various forms of phosphorus in ancient iron samples

Ancient phosphorus-containing iron-based alloys are often reported to be strongly resistant toward corrosion. In this study, micro-XANES spectra highlight phosphorus distribution and speciation in two ancient iron-based samples.

Graphical abstract: X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the various forms of phosphorus in ancient iron samples
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Paper

A study on gold and copper provenance for Romanian prehistoric objects using micro-SR XRF

A provenance study for prehistoric gold and bronze artifacts in comparison with Au and Cu geological sources, using micro-SR XRF elemental analysis.

Graphical abstract: A study on gold and copper provenance for Romanian prehistoric objects using micro-SR XRF
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Technical Note

The darkening of zinc yellow: XANES speciation of chromium in artist's paints after light and chemical exposures

Color changes in artists paints containing Zinc yellow are associated with the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III).

Graphical abstract: The darkening of zinc yellow: XANES speciation of chromium in artist's paints after light and chemical exposures
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
Technical Note

SRXRF-measurements at non-planar objects: automatic determination of the angle of incidence of the exciting X-ray

Non-planar sample shapes must be expected especially for art and cultural heritage objects. The use of a microscope and an easy algorithm allows the fast determination of the existing geometry.

Graphical abstract: SRXRF-measurements at non-planar objects: automatic determination of the angle of incidence of the exciting X-ray
From the themed collection: Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology
26 items

About this collection

In this specially themed issue of JAAS, a collection of 25 papers has been gathered that were submitted as a result of an oral or poster contribution at the SR2A-2010 (Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology) conference. This meeting was organized by Koen Janssens (University of Antwerp, Belgium), Joris Dik (Technical University of Delft, Netherlands), Robert Van Langh (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Netherlands) and Janneke Ottens (Institute for Cultural Heritage, Amsterdam, Netherlands). The conference took place from 7–10 November 2010, and the venue of the meeting was the van Gogh museum, located at the Museum Square in central Amsterdam.

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