Themed collection Probiotics, Prebiotics and Gut Health
Dietary polysaccharides and polyphenols can promote health by influencing gut microbiota populations
Guest editors Michael Conlon and David Topping introduce this themed collection on foods, the large bowel microbiota and health outcomes.
Designing food delivery systems: challenges related to the in vitro methods employed to determine the fate of bioactives in the gut
This review discusses in vitro available approaches to study delivery and uptake of bioactive compounds and the associated challenges.
Prebiotics as functional food ingredients preventing diet-related diseases
This paper reviews the potential of prebiotic-containing foods in the prevention or postponement of certain diet-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases with hypercholesterolemia, osteoporosis, diabetes, gastrointestinal infections and gut inflammation.
Probiotics in early life: a preventative and treatment approach
Microbial colonization of the infant gut plays a key role in immunological and metabolic pathways impacting human health.
Cardiovascular benefits of probiotics: a review of experimental and clinical studies
The microbiota inhabiting the human gastro-intestinal tract is reported to have a significant impact on the health of an individual.
Gut feedback mechanisms and food intake: a physiological approach to slow carbohydrate bioavailability
Slow glucose bioavailability through neurohormonal feedback activated by location-specific nutrient deposition.
The human gut microbial ecology associated with overweight and obesity determines ellagic acid metabolism
We recently identified three metabotypes (0, A and B) that depend on the metabolic profile of urolithins produced from polyphenol ellagic acid (EA).
Wheat bran intake can attenuate chronic cadmium toxicity in mice gut microbiota
Environmental exposure to pollutants such as heavy metals is responsible for various altered physiological functions that are detrimental to health.
Dietary fucoidan modulates the gut microbiota in mice by increasing the abundance of Lactobacillus and Ruminococcaceae
This study provides a new insight into the well-recognized beneficial effects of dietary fucoidan by demonstrating its positive modulations on gut microbiota.
Prebiotic potential of gum odina and its impact on gut ecology: in vitro and in vivo assessments
The attributed effects of gum odina as a novel prebiotic and immunomodulatory agent are studied.
Dietary nucleotides protect against alcoholic liver injury by attenuating inflammation and regulating gut microbiota in rats
The present study aims to investigate whether nucleotides ameliorate alcoholic liver injury and explores the possible mechanism.
A prebiotic mixture improved Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium animalis gastrointestinal in vitro resistance in petit-suisse
Advantageous addition of a prebiotic mixture in petit-suisse cheese, improved the probiotic strains survival under gastrointestinal conditions simulated in vitro throughout 28 days of storage.
Impact of increasing fruit and vegetables and flavonoid intake on the human gut microbiota
Plant-derived dietary fibre and/or flavonoids may mediate the protective effects of fruits and vegetables (F&V) in lowering the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancers particularly through their interaction with the gut microbiota.
Microencapsulation of probiotics in hydrogel particles: enhancing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris LM0230 viability using calcium alginate beads
Encapsulation in alginate improved the viability of lactococcal probiotics.
Supplementation of xylitol-containing chewing gum with probiotics: a double blind, randomised pilot study focusing on saliva flow and saliva properties
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of daily chewing, for 12 weeks, of 2 different probiotic gums compared with placebo on saliva flow rate, saliva IgA levels and saliva pH.
Glutinous rice amylopectin can adjust the plasma gut-regulated peptide levels in rhubarb-induced spleen deficiency rats
The pharmacological effects of glutinous rice (GR) and GR amylopectin (GRA) on the gastrointestine were investigated in rhubarb-induced spleen deficiency rats by determining the levels of gastrointestinal hormones such as the peptides serum gastrin, amylase motilin, and somatostatin.
Fermentation of bioactive solid lipid nanoparticles by human gut microflora
Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) can be used for oral delivery of phenolic compounds in order to protect them from the harsh conditions of digestion and improve their bioavailability in the intestinal epithelium.
Insights into bread melanoidins: fate in the upper digestive tract and impact on the gut microbiota using in vitro systems
Bread melanoidins are partially degraded in the small intestine and induce a dramatic decrease of enterobacteria during batch fermentation.
Interfacial dilational properties of tea polyphenols and milk proteins with gut epithelia and the role of mucus in nutrient adsorption
Human mucin films mediate the absorption of model bioactives.
Prebiotic effect of Agave fourcroydes fructans: an animal model
The use of prebiotics such as fructans has increased in human and animal nutrition because of their productive performance and health benefits.
Valle Agricola lentil, an unknown lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) seed from Southern Italy as a novel antioxidant and prebiotic source
In order to promote ‘Valle Agricola’ lentil a thorough investigation of its biochemical and nutritional properties has been carried out.
Barley malt increases hindgut and portal butyric acid, modulates gene expression of gut tight junction proteins and Toll-like receptors in rats fed high-fat diets, but high advanced glycation end-products partially attenuate the effects
Barley malt has been shown to give high levels of butyric acid in the cecum and serum of rats.
Lentinula edodes-derived polysaccharide rejuvenates mice in terms of immune responses and gut microbiota
A Lentinula edodes-derived heteropolysaccharide L2 can partly reverse the age-altered composition of gut microbiota.
Rehmannia glutinosa reduced waist circumferences of Korean obese women possibly through modulation of gut microbiota
Oral administration of steamed roots of Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch for eight weeks resulted in significantly decreased waist circumference and the alteration of the gut microbial community.
Solid-state fermentation of whole oats to yield a synbiotic food rich in lactic acid bacteria and prebiotics
This study developed a synbiotic food through the fermentation of whole oat flour with Lactobacillus plantarum TK9 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. Lactis V9.
The ellagic acid-derived gut microbiota metabolite, urolithin A, potentiates the anticancer effects of 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy on human colon cancer cells
The ellagic acid-derived gut microbiota metabolite, urolithin A, at concentrations achievable in the human colorectum, enhances the anticancer effects of 5-FU-chemotherapy on three different colon cancer cells.
Influence of prebiotics, probiotics and protein ingredients on mycotoxin bioaccessibility
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of prebiotic compounds (cellulose and inulin), food ingredients (milk whey, β-lactoglobulin and calcium caseinate) and several probiotic microorganisms on the bioaccessibility of beauvericin (BEA), enniatins (ENs A, A1, B, B1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) present in wheat crispy bread produced with wheat flour previously fermented with F. tricinctum, F. culmorum and G. zeae.
In vitro fermentation of fructooligosaccharides with human gut bacteria
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS), one of the most studied prebiotics, selectively stimulate the growth of health-promoting bacteria in the host.
In vitro assessment of the prebiotic potential of Aloe vera mucilage and its impact on the human microbiota
Aloe vera mucilage is reported to be rich in acemannan that is a polysaccharide with a backbone of β-(1→4)-D-mannose residues acetylated at the C-2 and C-3 positions and contains some side chains of galactose and arabinose attached to the C-6 carbon.
Gentio-oligosaccharides from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1426 dextransucrase as prebiotics and as a supplement for functional foods with anti-cancer properties
Gentio-oligosaccharides (GnOS) from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1426 dextransucrase showed potential prebiotic activity and selective inhibition of human colon carcinoma (HT-29) cells.
Beneficial effects of soy milk and fiber on high cholesterol diet-induced alteration of gut microbiota and inflammatory gene expression in rats
We sought to evaluate whether a soy milk and fiber mixture could improve high cholesterol diet-induced changes in gut microbiota and inflammation.
The probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 inhibits propagating colonic contractions in the rat isolated large intestine
E. coli Nissle 1917 probiotic extract inhibits colonic motility in the rat large intestine ex-vivo, consistent with its anti-diarrheal effect in humans.
Correction: Microencapsulation of probiotics in hydrogel particles: enhancing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris LM0230 viability using calcium alginate beads
About this collection
This themed collection is dedicated to highlighting the high impact and quality research published in Food & Function since 2015 on probiotics, prebiotics and gut health. If you work in this area, why not register to attend the International Scientific Conference on Probiotics and Prebiotics in Budapest, Hungary 19 - 22 June, 2017.
This collection will be free to access from 13 – 24 March 2017 with a freeRSC publishing account.