Themed collection Sanitation

19 items
Perspective

Pitfalls and progress: a perspective on achieving sustainable sanitation for all

This article provides a perspective on the reasons behind why we have not yet achieved sustainable sanitation for all, i.e. universal access to some form of improved toilet and sludge management services, and presents research needs and strategies for moving closer to this goal.

Graphical abstract: Pitfalls and progress: a perspective on achieving sustainable sanitation for all
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Critical Review

A review of sanitation technologies to achieve multiple sustainable development goals that promote resource recovery

This study critically reviews literature and provides material flows of nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon to determine the ability of existing sanitation technologies and strategies that can be deployed to safely recover resources and thus achieve multiple sustainable development goals.

Graphical abstract: A review of sanitation technologies to achieve multiple sustainable development goals that promote resource recovery
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Open Access Paper

Development of trash exclusion for mechanized pit latrine emptying

The trash-excluding attachment (Excluder) can be connected to a custom vacuum (such as the Flexcrevator), a vacuum truck, or a sludge pump. The system allows the mechanized emptying of pit latrines with high levels of trash without manual “fishing”.

Graphical abstract: Development of trash exclusion for mechanized pit latrine emptying
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Safe resource recovery from faecal sludge: evidence from an innovative treatment system in rural Tanzania

A novel treatment system for pit latrine faecal sludge; solar-dried sludge with captured leachate heat-treated in agriculture using waste-fired rocket stove.

Graphical abstract: Safe resource recovery from faecal sludge: evidence from an innovative treatment system in rural Tanzania
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Open Access Paper

Field testing of an onsite sanitation system on apartment building blackwater using biological treatment and electrochemical disinfection

Demonstration of an electrochemical toilet wastewater treatment and disinfection technology at the scale of an apartment building and translation of the system into a commercial product.

Graphical abstract: Field testing of an onsite sanitation system on apartment building blackwater using biological treatment and electrochemical disinfection
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Understanding fecal sludge drying in membrane-lined container-based toilets for developing countries with CFD modeling

CFD model evaluated toilet container lined with laminated hydrophobic membrane. Model predicted drying accurately for cm- to m-scale systems. Model predicted performance of laminate-lined toilet for developing countries.

Graphical abstract: Understanding fecal sludge drying in membrane-lined container-based toilets for developing countries with CFD modeling
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Open Access Paper

Assessing the sustainability of on-site sanitation systems using multi-criteria analysis

Integrated approach to assess the sustainability of on-site sanitation systems.

Graphical abstract: Assessing the sustainability of on-site sanitation systems using multi-criteria analysis
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

Quantification of liquid phase faecal odourants to evaluate membrane technology for wastewater reuse from decentralised sanitation facilities

A liquid phase method to treat faecal odourants at source using membrane technology, consequently encouraging facility and water reuse acceptance.

Graphical abstract: Quantification of liquid phase faecal odourants to evaluate membrane technology for wastewater reuse from decentralised sanitation facilities
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

A comparison of interviews, focus groups, and photovoice to identify sanitation priorities and increase success of community-based sanitation systems

Semi-structured interviews with females and community members identified the greatest number of unique and most priorities in resource-limited communities.

Graphical abstract: A comparison of interviews, focus groups, and photovoice to identify sanitation priorities and increase success of community-based sanitation systems
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Open Access Paper

Design and preliminary implementation of onsite electrochemical wastewater treatment and recycling toilets for the developing world

Self-contained toilet wastewater treatment system prototypes based on electrochemical oxidation of feces and urine using bi-layered semiconductor anodes ([Bi2O3]z[TiO2]1−z/IrxTayO2/Ti) have been designed, constructed, and implemented in regions where access to proper and sufficient sanitation is limited.

Graphical abstract: Design and preliminary implementation of onsite electrochemical wastewater treatment and recycling toilets for the developing world
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

The feasibility of char and bio-oil production from pyrolysis of pit latrine sludge

Energy recovery from bio-oil was feasible when pit latrine sludge with a water content of ≤∼55% was the feedstock.

Graphical abstract: The feasibility of char and bio-oil production from pyrolysis of pit latrine sludge
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Open Access Paper

Virus inactivation in stored human urine, sludge and animal manure under typical conditions of storage or mesophilic anaerobic digestion

Viruses represent major disease transmitting agents carried by human excreta and animal manure.

Graphical abstract: Virus inactivation in stored human urine, sludge and animal manure under typical conditions of storage or mesophilic anaerobic digestion
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

How sociopolitical factors affected the implementation of Cape Town's vacuum sewer

This paper discusses various institutional and social conflicts that detrimentally affected the implementation of a vacuum sewer in South Africa.

Graphical abstract: How sociopolitical factors affected the implementation of Cape Town's vacuum sewer
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

Selection of screw characteristics and operational boundary conditions to facilitate post-flush urine and faeces separation within single household sanitation systems

This article demonstrates the application of a screw auger to separate fresh urine and faeces in a household scale sanitation system.

Graphical abstract: Selection of screw characteristics and operational boundary conditions to facilitate post-flush urine and faeces separation within single household sanitation systems
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

Testing methods for new pit latrine designs in rural and peri-urban areas of Malawi where conventional testing is difficult to employ

There is a trend towards participation of users in the design of appropriate sanitation facilities for low-income countries.

Graphical abstract: Testing methods for new pit latrine designs in rural and peri-urban areas of Malawi where conventional testing is difficult to employ
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

Achieving sustainable sanitation chains through better informed and more systematic improvements: lessons from multi-city research in Sub-Saharan Africa

Consolidating findings from research managed by 5 international consortia considering the factors that influence the development and effectiveness of sanitation service chains in 9 cities of Francophone and Anglophone Africa.

Graphical abstract: Achieving sustainable sanitation chains through better informed and more systematic improvements: lessons from multi-city research in Sub-Saharan Africa
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Open Access Paper

Cost-effectiveness and community impacts of two urine-collection programs in rural South Africa

The cost-effectiveness of two different urine-collection programs in South Africa are modelled over a range of parameters and are interpreted from the perspective of both the municipality and the community.

Graphical abstract: Cost-effectiveness and community impacts of two urine-collection programs in rural South Africa
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

Pee power urinal – microbial fuel cell technology field trials in the context of sanitation

This paper reports on the pee power urinal field trials, which are using microbial fuel cells for internal lighting.

Graphical abstract: Pee power urinal – microbial fuel cell technology field trials in the context of sanitation
From the themed collection: Sanitation
Paper

Optimisation and costing of faecal sludge management options for Lusaka's informal settlements

This paper presents a methodology to support the implementation of Faecal Sludge Management services in informal settlements in Lusaka, The Republic of Zambia.

Graphical abstract: Optimisation and costing of faecal sludge management options for Lusaka's informal settlements
From the themed collection: Sanitation
19 items

About this collection

Guest Edited by Associate Editor Dr Michael Templeton (Imperial College London), this themed collection of Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology gathers a variety of manuscripts focused on sanitation research.

The collection seeks to showcase novel work on sanitation, covering topics such as onsite sanitation technologies, solutions for areas with high water tables, sanitation for emergency relief situations, faecal sludge properties and treatment, biogas recovery technologies at household scale, sanitation service models, simplified sewerage and drainage, urban sanitation challenges and large-scale sanitation solutions.

If you are currently doing research on sanitation and would like to contribute to this ongoing collection, please get in touch with us.

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