Cadherin-dependent adhesion modulated 3D cell-assembly†
The emergence of synthetic biology has opened new avenues in constructing cell-assembly biosystems with specific gene expression and function. The phenomena of cell spreading and detachment during tissue development and cancer metastasis are caused by surface tension, which in turn results from differences in cell–cell adhesion mediated by the dimerization of cadherin expressed on the cell surface. In this study, E- and P-cadherin plasmids were first constructed based on the differential adhesion hypothesis, then they were electroporated into K562 cells and HEK293T cells, respectively, to explore the process of cell migration and assembly regulated by cadherins. Using this approach, some special 3D cell functional components with a phase separation structure were fabricated successfully. Our work will be of potential application in the construction of self-assembling synthetic tissues and organoids.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry B HOT Papers