Manipulation of cancer cells in a sessile droplet via travelling surface acoustic waves†
The behaviours of microparticles inside a sessile droplet actuated by surface acoustic waves (SAWs) were investigated, where the SAWs produced an acoustic streaming flow and imparted an acoustic radiation force on the microparticles. The Rayleigh waves formed by a comb-like interdigital transducer were made to propagate along the surface of a LiNbO3 substrate in order to allow the manipulation of microparticles in a label-free and non-contact manner. Polystyrene microparticles were first employed to describe the behaviours inside a sessile droplet. The influence of the volume of the sessile droplet on the behaviours of the microparticles was examined by changing the contact angle of the droplet. Next, cancer cells were suspended in a sessile droplet, and the influence of contact angle on the behaviours of the cancer cells was investigated. A long gelation time was afforded by using a PEGylated fibrin gel. A primary tumour was mimicked by patterning the cancer cells to be concentrated in the middle of the sessile droplet. The non-contact manipulation property of acoustic waves was indicated to be biocompatible and enabled a structure-free platform configuration. Three-dimensional aggregated culture models were observed to make the cancer cells display an elevated expression of E-cadherin. The efficacy of the anticancer drug tirapazamine increased in the aggregated cancer cells, attributed to the low levels of oxygen in this formation of cancer cells.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Lab on a Chip HOT Articles 2021