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Interfacial growth of free-standing PANI films: toward high-performance all-polymer supercapacitors

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Abstract

Along with high power capability and energy density, long cycle life is regarded an essential performance requirement for energy storage devices. The rapid capacitance decline of conducting polymer-based electrodes remains a major technical challenge and precludes their practical applications in supercapacitors. In this work, a polyaniline (PANI) network is synthesized via interfacial Buchwald–Hartwig polymerization for the first time, facilitating the construction of covalently connected PANI networks by ligand-promoted C–N bond formation. Particularly, the interfacial synthesis and subsequent gas release from pre-anchored protecting groups allow bottom-up and efficient access to porous cross-linked PANI (PCL-PANI) films that are free-standing and solvent-resistant. Upon assembling into supercapacitors, the PCL-PANI material enables an unprecedent long-term charge–discharge cycling performance (>18 000 times) without clear capacitance loss for an additive-free pseudocapacitive system. In addition, this synthesis affords electrodes entirely consisting of conducting polymers, yielding highly reversible gravimetric capacitance at 435 F gelectrode−1 in a two-electrode system, and a high gravimetric energy of 12.5 W h kgelectrode−1 while delivering an outstanding power density of 16 000 W kgelectrode−1, which is 10-fold higher than those of conventional linear PANI composite supercapacitors. This synthetic approach represents a novel and versatile strategy to generate additive/binder-free and high-performance conducting thin-films for energy storage.

Graphical abstract: Interfacial growth of free-standing PANI films: toward high-performance all-polymer supercapacitors

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
12 Sep 2020
Accepted
04 Dec 2020
First published
08 Dec 2020

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2021, Advance Article
Article type
Edge Article

Interfacial growth of free-standing PANI films: toward high-performance all-polymer supercapacitors

F. Zhong, M. Ma, Z. Zhong, X. Lin and M. Chen, Chem. Sci., 2021, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0SC05061J

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