Influence of carbohydrate polymer shaping on organic dye adsorption by a metal–organic framework in water†
A number of studies have been conducted to develop new metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) as adsorbents for the removal of contaminants from polluted water. However, few reports exist describing detailed and thorough examinations of the effects of shaping on the adsorption properties of MOFs. In this study, a thorough analysis and comparison was conducted of the Orange II and Rhodamine B dye adsorption properties of unshaped MIL-100(Fe) (MIL) particles and alginate polymer-shaped MIL beads (MIL-alg). The adsorption affinities of Orange II and Rhodamine B for unshaped MIL were observed to be higher than those for shaped MIL-alg because partial coating of the surface of MIL particles by alginate polymer weakens adsorption forces. Kinetic analysis using a two-compartment model indicates that the contribution of the slow step in the mechanistic pathway for adsorption is more pronounced in MIL-alg compared to MIL because slow dye diffusion takes place in the alginate polymer. We believe that these fundamental findings will have a beneficial impact on approaches to design shaped MOFs that display improved dye removal performance.