Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 2-quinolyl-1,3-tropolone derivatives as new anti-cancer agents†
Tropolones are promising organic compounds that can have important biologic effects. We developed a series of new 2-quinolyl-1,3-tropolones derivatives that were prepared by the acid-catalyzed reaction of 4,7-dichloro-2-methylquinolines with 1,2-benzoquinones. 2-Quinolyl-1,3-tropolones have been synthesized and tested for their anti-proliferative activity against several human cancer cell lines. Two compounds (3d and mixture B of 3i–k) showed excellent activity against six cancer cell lines of different tissue of origin. The promising compounds 3d and mixture B of 3i–k also demonstrated induction of apoptotic cell death of ovarian cancer (OVCAR-3, OVCAR-8) and colon cancer (HCT 116) cell lines and affected ERK signaling. In summary, 2-quinolyl-1,3-tropolones are promising compounds for development of effective anticancer agents.