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Luminescence mechanism in hydrogenated silicon quantum dots with a single oxygen ligand

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Abstract

Though photoluminescence (PL) of Si quantum dots (QDs) has been known for decades and both theoretical and experimental studies have been extensive, their luminescence mechanism has not been elaborated. Several models have been proposed to explain the mechanism. A deep insight into the origin of light emissions in Si QDs is necessary. This work calculated the ground- and excited state properties of hydrogenated Si QDs with various diameters, including full hydrogen passivation, single Si[double bond, length as m-dash]O ligands, single epoxide and coexisting Si[double bond, length as m-dash]O and epoxide structures in order to investigate the dominant contribution states for luminescence. The results revealed that even a single oxygen atom in hydrogenated Si QDs can dramatically change their electronic and optical properties. Intriguingly, we found that a size-independent emission, the strongest among all possible emissions, was induced by the single Si[double bond, length as m-dash]O passivated Si-QDs. In non-oxidized Si-QDs exhibiting a core-related size-tunable emission, the luminescence properties can be modulated by the ligands of Si QDs, and a very small number of oxygen ligands can strongly influence the luminescence of nanocrystalline silicon. Our findings deepen the understanding of the PL mechanism of Si QDs and can further promote the development of silicon-based optoelectronic devices.

Graphical abstract: Luminescence mechanism in hydrogenated silicon quantum dots with a single oxygen ligand

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
24 Nov 2020
Accepted
26 Feb 2021
First published
26 Feb 2021

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2021, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Luminescence mechanism in hydrogenated silicon quantum dots with a single oxygen ligand

H. Shen, Z. Yu, J. Wang, M. Lu, C. Qiao, W. Su, Y. Zheng, R. Zhang, Y. Jia, L. Chen, C. Wang, K. Ho and S. Wang, Nanoscale Adv., 2021, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0NA00986E

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