Effects of boron nitride nanotube content on waterborne polyurethane–acrylate composite coating materials†
Waterborne polyurethane–acrylate (WPUA) is a promising eco-friendly material for adhesives and coatings such as paints and inks on substrates including fibers, leather, paper, rubber, and wood. Recently, WPUA and its composites have been studied to overcome severe problems such as poor water resistance, mechanical properties, chemical resistance, and thermal stability. In this study, composite films consisting of WPUA and rod-type boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs), which have excellent intrinsic properties including high mechanical strength and chemical stability, were investigated. Specifically, BNNT/WPUA composite films were synthesized by mixing aqueous solutions of BNNT and WPUA via facile mechanical agitation without any organic solvents or additives, and the optimal content of BNNTs was determined. For the 2.5 wt% BNNT/WPUA composite, the BNNTs were found to be well distributed in the WPUA matrix and this material showed the overall best performance in terms of water resistance, thermal conductivity, and corrosion resistance. Owing to these advantageous properties and their environmentally friendly nature, BNNT/WPUA composite coating materials are expected to be applicable in a wide variety of industries.