Zr- and Ce-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 electrolyte for all-solid-state lithium-ion battery†
The ionic conductivity of Li6Y(BO3)3 (LYBO) was enhanced by the substitution of tetravalent ions (Zr4+ and Ce4+) for Y3+ sites through the formation of vacancies at the Li sites, an increase in compact densification, and an increase in the Li+-ion conduction pathways in the LYBO phase. As a result, the ionic conductivity of Li5.875Y0.875Zr0.1Ce0.025(BO3)3 (ZC-LYBO) reached 1.7 × 10−5 S cm−1 at 27 °C, which was about 5 orders of magnitude higher than that of undoped Li6Y(BO3)3. ZC-LYBO possessed a large electrochemical window and was thermally stable after cosintering with a LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 (NMC) positive electrode. These characteristics facilitated good reversible capacities in all-solid-state batteries for both NMC positive electrodes and graphite negative electrodes via a simple cosintering process.