Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 13, 2020
Previous Article Next Article

Functional carbon nitride materials for water oxidation: from heteroatom doping to interface engineering

Author affiliations

Abstract

Polymeric carbon nitrides (PCNs) are promising photocatalysts and electrocatalysts for water oxidation, as they are environmentally benign materials with an adjustable structure and facilely synthesized from inexpensive and abundant starting materials. In this minireview, we examine the state-of-the-art strategies for tailoring PCNs for efficient photocatalytic, electrocatalytic, and photoelectrochemical water oxidation, including heteroatom doping and interface engineering from band structure alignment (e.g., by coupling inorganic or organic semiconductors) to hybridization with nanoscale cocatalysts (e.g., nanosheets, nanoarrays, nanoparticles, and quantum dots) and sub-nanoscale cocatalysts (e.g., metallic molecular clusters and single-atom catalysts). Through establishing the structure–activity correlations, we aim to present a clear roadmap for providing insights into the design strategies, structure modification, and the improved catalytic performances of PCN-based materials in different catalytic water oxidation processes. For future guidance, we also propose some outlooks on the perspective and challenges of PCNs towards a better application in catalytic water oxidation.

Graphical abstract: Functional carbon nitride materials for water oxidation: from heteroatom doping to interface engineering

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
23 Jan 2020
Accepted
25 Feb 2020
First published
25 Feb 2020

Nanoscale, 2020,12, 6937-6952
Article type
Minireview

Functional carbon nitride materials for water oxidation: from heteroatom doping to interface engineering

H. Zhang, W. Tian, X. Duan, H. Sun, Y. Shen, G. Shao and S. Wang, Nanoscale, 2020, 12, 6937
DOI: 10.1039/D0NR00652A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements