Compact reaction-module on a pad for scalable flow-production of organophosphates as drug scaffolds†
Continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing receives intense attention as an alternative way to meet flexible market needs with the assurance of higher safety and quality control. Here, we report a compact reaction-module on a pad (CRP, 170 × 170 × 1.2 mm) for scale-up production of drug precursors in a continuous-flow. The CRP system was devised by stacking 9 films of the patterned polyimide to integrate micro-flow circuits, combining the functions of the even distribution of feeds, being completely mixed in less than a few milliseconds. A methodology of using a highly reactive species for the single-step synthesis of α-phosphonyloxy ketone, a drug scaffold, required the synthesis time of a few seconds in microfluidics. The fast reaction in the single CRP was capable of producing 19.2 g h−1 drug precursor, which indicates a solid step toward kilogram-scale pharmaceutical manufacturing in small footage.