A strategy for boosting the thermoelectric performance of famatinite Cu3SbS4†
Famatinite Cu3SbS4 has attracted attention for its potential application in thermoelectric (TE) contexts. In this work, we report the impacts of co-substituting Ge and P for Sb on TE properties. Melting and heat treatment methods were adopted to synthesize samples of Cu3Sb1−x−yGexPyS4 (x ≤ 0.4, y ≤ 0.3). In this system, Ge functioned as an acceptor for doping a hole to the valence band, which led to enhancement of the TE power factor. Contrastingly, P barely altered the electronic structure. Furthermore, both Ge and P acted as point defects, which effectively decreased lattice thermal conductivity. The combined effects of the co-substitution gave rise to an enhanced dimensionless figure of merit, ZT, of 0.67 at 673 K.