Performance evaluation of CuBTC composites for room temperature oxygen storage†
Oxygen is commonly separated from air using cryogenic liquefaction. The inherent energy penalties of phase change inspire the search for energy-efficient separation processes. Here, an alternative approach is presented, where we determine whether it is possible to utilise simpler, stable materials in the right process to achieve overall energy efficiency. Adsorption and release by Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are an attractive alternative due to their high adsorption and storage capacity at ambient conditions. Cu-BTC/MgFe2O4 composites were prepared, and magnetic induction swing adsorption (MISA) used to release adsorbed oxygen quickly and efficiently. The 3 wt% MgFe2O4 composites exhibited an oxygen uptake capacity of 0.34 mmol g−1 at 298 K and when exposed to a magnetic field of 31 mT, attained a temperature rise of 86 °C and released 100% of adsorbed oxygen. This water vapor stable pelletized system, can be filled and emptied within 10 minutes requiring around 5.6 MJ kg−1 of energy.