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Characteristic synergistic cytotoxic effects toward cells in graphene oxide dressing with cadmium and copper ions

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Abstract

The increasing applications of graphene oxide (GO) in bio-medicine, environment and other fields enhance the exposure possibility of human beings to GO. Studies have been performed to address the in vitro toxicity of GO; however, little information on the in vivo biological consequence of GO with other common disasters is available, especially when cells are co-exposed to GO and common metal ions. To explore the influence and possible mechanisms of such co-exposure scenarios, a series of tests of cell viability, membrane integrity, reactive oxygen species (ROS), cell morphology, and Cd2+ distribution, were conducted. The results showed that the synergistic toxic mechanisms of GO and Cd2+, initiated from the adhesion of GO on HeLa cells, and followed by the recruitment of Cd2+ ions around the cell membrane, impaired the membrane integrity, morphology and adhesion capability, and triggered cell toxicity. The synergistic toxic mechanism of GO and Cu2+ mainly correlated to ROS, while no obvious relationship with membrane integrity was observed. The findings are envisaged to facilitate the application of GO in biology and related fields.

Graphical abstract: Characteristic synergistic cytotoxic effects toward cells in graphene oxide dressing with cadmium and copper ions

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jun 2019, accepted on 11 Sep 2019 and first published on 16 Sep 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9TX00146H
Toxicol. Res., 2019, Advance Article

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    Characteristic synergistic cytotoxic effects toward cells in graphene oxide dressing with cadmium and copper ions

    Y. Dong, Y. Chang, H. Gao, V. A. León Anchustegui, Q. Yu, H. Wang, J. Liu and S. Wang, Toxicol. Res., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9TX00146H

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