Kaempferol derivatives isolated from Lens culinaris Medik. reduce DNA damage induced by etoposide in peripheral blood mononuclear cells
Bioactive compounds isolated from plants are considered to be attractive candidates for cancer therapy. In this study, we examined the effect of kaempferol, its derivatives, the polyphenol fraction (PF) and an extract (EX) isolated from the aerial parts of Lens culinaris Medik. on DNA damage induced by etoposide in human cells. We also studied the effect of these compounds and their combinations on cell viability. The studies were conducted on HL-60 cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We used the comet assay in the alkaline version to evaluate DNA damage. To examine cell viability we applied the trypan blue exclusion assay. We demonstrated that kaempferol glycoside derivatives isolated from the aerial parts of Lens culinaris Medik. reduce DNA damage induced by etoposide in PBMCs, but do not have an impact on DNA damage in HL-60 cells. We also showed that kaempferol induces DNA damage in HL-60 cells and leads to an increase of DNA damage provoked by etoposide. Our data suggest that kaempferol derivatives can be further explored as a potential agent protecting normal cells against DNA damage induced by etoposide. Moreover, kaempferol's ability to induce DNA damage in cancer cells and to increase DNA damage caused by etoposide may be useful in designing and improving anticancer therapies.