Ultrafast synthesis of AFX-Type zeolite with enhanced activity in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx and hydrothermal stability†
Shortening the synthesis time of SSZ-16 (AFX type) zeolite from several days to 2 h has been achieved using an ultrafast synthesis route involving N,N,N′,N′-tetraethylbicyclo[2.2.2]oct-7-ene-2,3:5,6-dipyrrolidinium (TEBOP) as an organic structure-directing agent (OSDA) in a tubular reactor assisted by seed crystals. Recently, copper exchanged SSZ-16 has been looked upon as one of the few equivalents to SSZ-13 for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with ammonia (NH3-SCR) from automobile exhausts. Hydrothermal stability is one of the crucial properties for any zeolites that compete for automobile applications. All the samples prepared were analyzed using sophisticated physio-chemical techniques and those prepared from TEBOP were subjected to SCR of NOx reactions. The rapid crystal growth induced by high synthesis temperature bestowed the ultrafast prepared SSZ-16 with high crystallinity and hydrothermal stability as well as enhanced SCR of NOx activity even when aged at 800 °C. Compared to 1,1′-(1,4-butanediyl)bis-4-aza-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane dibromide (DABCO), TEBOP was found to be desirable as an OSDA for high crystallinity and hydrothermal stability.