Stable luminous nanocomposites of CsPbX3 perovskite nanocrystals anchored on silica for multicolor anti-counterfeit ink and white-LEDs
Inorganic perovskite (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br and I) nanocrystals (NCs) have received great attention for their fascinating optoelectronic properties. However, their potential applications are primarily limited by the instability arising from their mobile ionic nature. Herein, we demonstrate extremely stable CsPbX3 nanocomposites (denoted as CsPbX3@CA-SiO2) using a facile and effective templated synthetic strategy, by the in situ anchoring of CsPbX3 NCs onto octadecyl-/propylamine-capped silica particles (SiO2 NPs). The two-step synthesis involves first the preparation of amino-group-capped silica NPs from a mixed 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and trimethoxy(octadecyl)silane (TMODS) precursor, which were utilized to induce the nucleation and growth of CsPbX3 nanocrystals to produce CsPbX3@CA-SiO2 composites with monodispersed CsPbX3 NCs (∼6 nm). The emission wavelength of the resulting composite can be tuned between 400 nm and 650 nm by controlling the halide composition, while maintaining a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY = 76%). The as-fabricated composites exhibited remarkable photostability and water stability, both uncommon in these materials. The CsPbX3@CA-SiO2 composite can also be used to create an anti-counterfeit ink and down-converting white light emitting diode (WLED). This work provides a valuable approach for the production of future optoelectronic devices, catalysts and sensors based on perovskite NCs.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Perovskite Materials and Devices