An alternative modular ‘click-SNAr-click’ approach to develop subcellular localised fluorescent probes to image mobile Zn2+ †
Zn2+ is involved in a number of biological processes and its wide-ranging roles at the subcellular level, especially in specific organelles, have not yet been fully established due to a lack of tools to image it effectively. We report a new and efficient modular double ‘click’ approach towards a range of sub-cellular localised probes for mobile zinc. Through this methodology, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and lysosome localised probes were successfully prepared which show good fluorescence responses to mobile Zn2+ in vitro and in cellulo whilst a non-targeting probe was synthesized as a control. The methodology appears to have wide-utility for the generation of sub-cellular localised probes by incorporating specific organelle targeting vectors for mobile Zn2+ imaging.
- This article is part of the themed collection: The Mechanisms of Supramolecular Chemistry